The Industrial revolution is known as a fundamental change that occurs in a society when its economy stops from based on agriculture and becomes dependent on the industry. The main features of the industrial revolution are divided into three which are: technological, socioeconomic and cultural aspects. Technological changes include the use of new materials such as iron, steel, new energy sources such as coal and driving forces such as the steam engine. Among social and cultural changes are remarkable, the increase in urban population, the development of the working class and labor movements. And the dramatic growth of scientific and technical knowledge (such as enslavement of people by the use of the machine, wars development, bombs and tanks, creation of industries that began to predominate over the agricultural system earlier. Contamination and a significant human exploitation system for many years ...) No doubt, a great revolution.
The Industrial Revolution was a transformation from agrarian and handicraft-centered economies into economies distinguished by industry and machine manufacture (Bentley and Ziegler 652). It first began in Britain during the mid-eighteenth century and lasted through the nineteenth century (Bentley and Ziegler 652-653). Although the Industrial Revolution was a drastic and ongoing process, does not mean it was an unproblematic change. Many people during this time period experienced positive and negative effects throughout this development.
Life drastically changed during the industrial revolution. People were living in germ infested, crowded and very unhealthy conditions, much like the places where they work. Women and children worked in harsh conditions for almost whole days and only received little pay. The British Parliament stepped in and limited child labor. This sparked a revolt. People, especially wealthy capitalists, wanted the government to stay out of its issues, called the laissez-faire system5. Many people opposed the laissez-faire system, saying the capitalists would gain too much power and people would be mistreated. The laissez-faire system was disregarded after a few years.
The American Revolution, lasting from 1775 to 1781, followed with the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. According to an article, The Industrial Revolution in America, “all thirteen original states of the newly established United States ratified the constitution.” America had four fundamental changes that increased this remarkable economic growth which according to the book Understanding the American Promise, “Millions of Americans moved from farms to towns and cities. Factory workers increased to about 20 percent of the labor force by 1860. A shift from water power to steam as a source of energy raised productivity, especially in factories and transportation. Railroads in particular harnesses stream power, speeding transport and cutting costs. And Agricultural productivity nearly doubled between 1800 and 1860, spurring the nation’s economic growth than any other factor.” Basically these major changes did not cause a sudden discontinuity in America’s economy or society since much of the land was manly agriculture and the production continued to be the same. Some historians often refer to the 1840’s and 1850’s to be better termed as “industrial
The Industrial Revolution did not start simultaneously around the world, but began in the most highly civilized and educated country in Western Europe – England. An empire like Great Britain was able to prevent the flow of new technology and experienced technicians to its colonies even while new machinery, like the spinning shuttle and the spinning jenny, was being used to develop textile manufacturing at home in England. The British Parliament was able to control its territories through laws and other restrictions. However, Britain’s futile attempts to block the development of new technologies in the American colonies led directly to the rise of the textile industry and the beginning of the Industrial Revolution in the United States. From the first Navigation Act in 1651 to the “Intolerable Acts” and Trade Acts, the British Parliament attempted to dominate the world’s textile industry by passing increasingly strict taxes and acts designed to prevent the establishment of textile manufacturing in the American colonies. Concurrently, American textile companies began to offer rewards and bounties to mill workers who would emigrate from England bringing their knowledge of textile technology (World of Invention). At the same time, English-born, textile mill-trained, Samuel Slater illegally emigrated to the new country of America with secrets and memories of English textile technology. Within a year, Slater had established the first spinning mill in America, thus beginning the American Industrial Revolution.
The Industrial Revolution changed America’s exceedingly in more positive than negative ways. The American industrial revolution has its roots in the Industrial Revolution which began in England. The demand for cotton was huge during this time. Many new industries that helped America’s business were developed, but some treated their workers poorly. Also, many new forms of transportation and communication were developed and improved. Agriculture became industrialized by teaming up with some industries to produce the needs of Americans and many immigrants. This event helped the U.S.’s population and economy to grow, even though it had some malicious things that went on it was still more positive than negative.
Europe during the eighteenth century was at the height of the industrial revolution, none of which reached America. In New England the population was largely English, but America as a whole had more than 20 ethnic strains present, nowhere in Europe could such a heterogeneous mixture be found. America was unique in its political structure. Americans vested authority in personalities, rather than, as in England, in institutions of tradition. As a people they had been striped of traditions. America lacked the centuries of tradition that other societies had. American cities not only solved thier problems, but they sought to solve them. European cities were encrusted with centuries of tradition and moved only by custom, problems just accumulated and increased. America also found unique ways to solve thier problems. Whereas in Europe the government was controlled by a closed, self perpetuating corporation of Aldermen and council men with a high resistance to all pleas for civic improvements. Americans circumvented this block in governmental action by the concept of the voluntary society. Benjamin Franklin utilized this concept in developing the American voluntary fire department in 1736. The public library, college of Philadelphia, the America Philosophical society are all out growths of this voluntary society. Another unique feature of America was that the rigid class structure of Europe has degenerated into a cliche observed in form but not practice. Leadership in America was open to anyone had the ability to assert it. European societies of the eighteenth century had the bulk of their cites composed of unemployed laborers, vagabonds, beggars. No large laboring class dominated America cites. Amidst urban dw...
Peter Stearns claims that the industrial revolution was an intensely human experience. What initially arose as scientific advancements in metallurgy and machine building, the industrial revolution period saw a redefinition of life as a whole. As industry changed, human life began to adapt. Work life was drastically changed which, in turn, resulted in family life being affected. As is human nature, major change was met with great resistant. Ultimately, the most successful people during the transition were those that adapted quickly.
The Industrial revolution began in the early 1800s. The
industrial revolution could not have happened if the
agricultural revolution had not preceded it.
During the Agricultural Revolution several
inventions that reduced the need for man power were
invented. Two of those inventions were the Jethro Tull
seeding drill and the cotton gin. The seeding drill
Transportation had always been a necessity in human culture; it is the focal point in past and modern societies since humans first appeared in the world. Usually being the deciding factor whether a civilization would be deemed to succeed or fail. The Industrial Revolution completely altered America during the 19th century, and in turn changed the way this nation has traveled and lived. The Industrial Revolution was an event that divided the great nation our founding fathers fought so strenuously to unite. The South keeping true to their agrarian lifestyle and culture, relied on slave labor as the basis of their economy as the North had started to industrialize building factories and modernize technology. Many types of transportation were invented during this age, but nothing had compared to the Railroads. The innovation of railroads in America was a crowning achievement in the North. From the plenty of new jobs were created due to the railroads while allowing the North to prosper and expand to the West to make it the great country it is today. But there weren't all positive aspect...
The era known as the Industrial Revolution was a period in which fundamental changes occurred in agriculture, textile, metal manufacture, transportation, economic policies and the social structure in England. This period is appropriately labeled “revolution,” for it thoroughly changed the old manner of doing things and bringing up new techniques. Constantly improving the ways in which things were made, which had effects of cutting costs and improving quality and efficiency was revolutionary about the era. The changes that occurred during this period occurred gradually. Industrial Revolution did not happen suddenly; it happened spread out the centuries. It wasn’t only inventions but mostly improvement and new techniques to present inventions. Advances in agricultural techniques and practices resulted in an increased supply of food and raw materials, changes in industrial organization and new technology resulted in increased production, efficiency and profits, and the increase in commerce, foreign and domestic, were all conditions which promoted the advent of the Industrial Revolution. The improved yield of the agricultural sector can be attributed to the enclosure movement and to improved techniques and practices developed during this period. A common practice in early agriculture was to allow the land to lie fallow after it had been exhausted through cultivation. Later it was discovered that the cultivation of clover and other legumes would help to restore the fertility of the soil. Prior to 1760 the manufacture of textiles occurred in the homes, by people who gave part of their time to it. It was a tedious process from raw material to finished product.
One’s quality of life is defined as the degree of well-being felt by a person or a group of persons. It is concerned with a citizen’s consumption of goods and services, human rights and the environment. The industrial revolution have produced great wealth to many citizens that influences their state of well being. Others may argue that the changes and advancements in society have brought the burden of scarce resources, diseases and pollution among it’s people. Rather the opposite is true, the positive effects that the revolution have introduced such as the high availability of employment, food, and human rights and the opportunity for future growth overpowers these problems. Therefore it is accurate to say that the benefits of the industrial revolution have improved one’s quality of life.
Industrialization is what made America united. Without some of the inventions made during this period of time, the world today would be drastically different. There are three inventions that sculpted their time period and the world today. The Bessemer Process was the biggest invention of the time, allowing for people to make pure steel. Singer sewing machines were also a very important invention, increasing factory work. The Transatlantic Cable, stretching from Europe to the Americas, enabled communication between countries. Without all of these excellent inventions the world today wouldn’t be the same.
Great Britain had the perfect conditions to spearhead the first true revolution that had an effect in all aspects of life since the invention of fire. It possessed necessary prerequisites, such as formidable population size, bountiful coal and iron deposits, and the demand of such a revolution, to gain a head start over the rest of the world. The confluence of such factors culminated in a perfect storm, a storm that destined humanity to become more than an average species. The Industrial Revolution in the Great Britain in the 1800s was not just a revolution in industry. The Industrial Revolution was a total revolution that opened the doorway for humanity to enter the first global age and built the stairway for humanity to eventually achieve happiness.