The Importance of Stem Cell Research

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Stem cell research is a topic almost everybody in the world has a viewpoint on. Many view the issue of stem cell research and stem cell therapy as morally wrong and a crime against humanity, others view the study of stem cells as the next step in modern science. What are stem cells? Stem cells are non-specialized cells that have the capability to mature into more specified cells to help with certain functions or diseases. Cells are the basic building blocks of the human body and these tiny structures compose the skin, muscles, bones, and all of our internal organs. Cells are necessary for our body to live, there are over one-hundred specialized cells in our body. Stem cell research should be supported due to the plethora of potential benefits to the medical community and the human race as a whole.

Medicine today is moving quickly to make more effective cures for diseases and new techniques for treating illness. One of the new techniques being practiced today is stem cell therapy. Stem cell therapy can be defined as a group of new techniques, or technologies, that rely on replacing diseased or dysfunctional cells with healthy, functioning ones. ( Langwith 23) These new techniques are being used to treat a wide variety of disorders such as Parkinson’s Disease and Lou Gehrig’s Disease.

To be able to comprehend the importance of the discovery of stem cells, it is crucial to understand the terms and definitions that go along with the topic of stem cells. A stem cell is derived from a human embryo, scientists are able to keep these stem cells alive and have them replicate after extraction. A human embryo comes into existence from the joining of one sperm and one egg, after the embryo is formed it begins to replicate itself. After ab...

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...tself, and can differentiate to yield the major specialized cell types of the tissue or organ. (Langwith 192) The greatest advantage of adult stem cells is that it’s usually possible to use a person’s own stem cells which is the safest stem cell option for people. (Langwith 192)

The adult stem cell may help cure diseases ranging from diabetes to Parkinson’s disease. Although adult stem cells have the potential to cure certain diseases, they are limited in number, where as the embryonic stem cells have an abundance of versatile cells. Regardless of the type of stem cells, stem cells are the future of modern science and should be pursued due to the potential benefits it may bring.

Works Cited
Langwith, Jacqueline, ed. Stem Cells. Farmington hills: Greenhaven, 2007. Print.

Human embryo experimentation. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven, Thomson/Gale, 2002. Print
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