If he or she is old enough to do the crime, they also could do the time, no matter what the age. If a person is under age they should be placed in a detention center until they hit 18 to be officially charged as an adult. Crimes in the world now are becoming a big problem, because most crimes today are done by juveniles. Most of the juvenile delinquents was not born to have bad behavior or to have the instinct of committing crimes they have did. I think it starts from the family and how they were raised and what family members influenced them to criminal things.
This theory means to punish the offenders in the system. A crime is a crime and for that reason Juveniles who commit violent crimes should be tried in the same way as older adults. If minors who commit violent crimes were tried as adults and punished the same as adults, the number of violent crimes devoted by minorities would decline. The drop that occurred in most of the U.S. during the past decade resembles with the fact that most states now permit minors to be tried as adults for violent crimes and all states have a procedure for transferring juveniles to the adult criminal system. Some of the transfers to adult court even occur automatically based on the juvenile’s age and crime.
Criminal conduct would be punished the same if they were an adult, while the status offenses only apply to the illegal acts of the actor, in this case being a minor. This get tough on crime mentality on juveniles to decrease crimes conforms to what the jurisdiction of Missouri Courts have on juveniles by letting juveniles at the young age of fourteen get a life sentence without parole. (ex: Quantel
Although some argue that juveniles are well served in these courts, it is in the best interest of society that juvenile offenders be tried and prosecuted as adults. Juveniles should be held fully responsible for the crimes they commit because even though they are young, juveniles have the ability to distinguish between right and wrong when choosing to commit a crime. Trying juveniles as adults ensures a strict punishment, vindication for the victim, and the re-establishment of order and protection for society. Psychologists say that a child's values and morals are permanently set by the time they reach the age of 5. Once juveniles have reached the legal juvenile age, they should not of problems discerning between right and wrong.
The decision to exercise this option is unreviewable and final. In contrast, a judicial waiver in which the judge decides to waive juvenile court jurisdiction can, at least in theory, be appealed. As a practical matter, however, the judge 's ruling is final, since an appeal can seldom be heard before the offender "ages out" of the juvenile court system. In recent years, many jurisdictions have passed mandatory waiver statutes that require the automatic transfer of certain juveniles into the adult system. Typically, these mandatory legislative waivers apply to youths charged with serious or violent felonies.
The focus of the juvenile justice system is to rehabilitate juvenile offenders, rather than to imprison and punish like the systems adult counterpart. According to Caldwell (1961) the juvenile justice system is based on the principle that youth are developmentally and fundamentally different from adults. This has lead to the development of a separate justice system for juveniles that was initially designed to assist troubled juveniles providing them with protection, treatment, and guidance. When performing as it is designed and up to the initial intentions, the juvenile court balances rehabilitation (treatment) of the offender with suitable sanctions when necessary such as incarceration. According to Mack (1909) the focus of the juvenile justice system has shifted from “how can we help the child”, “why did the child commit the crime” to “was the crime committed”.
The Juvenile System has been around for a long time. The primary reason behind separating Juvenile from adult criminals is quite simple; the judicial system believes that the children are less culpable for their irresponsive behavior and they could easily be reformed as compared to adult offenders. The crucial role of the judicial system is to critically investigate, diagnose, and recommend treatments for the Juveniles rather than accrediting them. However, because of the increasing number of juvenile arrest for crimes committed by persons considered as a child, the attention that the given to a crime involving juveniles, the decreasing trust to the juvenile system itself and the lauder roar of the society for a safer place to live in, the juvenile justice system began to change. A transition from the classic objective of reform brought by juvenile justice system to a more tough policy that focus more on public safety and on idea of punishment to juvenile offenders came to effect.
Also considered how much bullying and peer pressure plays a role in the actions of juveniles. These factors have to be further investigated before an educated decision can be made on the pros and cons of the trial of a juvenile in an adult court. According to Author Gail Garinger, she agrees that when the Supreme Court cut off the death penalty among juveniles they recognize that there is a loophole in the system and that it must be corrected. Inflicting the death penalty will not help deter juveniles from committing such crimes. Author Paul Thompson also believes that juveniles cannot be tried as adults as they have not fully develop mentally to make decisions or understand the brutality of their actions.
(Champion, 1992) The main reason for transferring a juvenile to criminal court is for harsher punishment to be obtainable. Another main reason for transfer to criminal court is because juvenile courts do not have the authority to impose punishment that continues into adulthood. There are many other reasons than the one listed above for a juvenile to be transferred such as; to produce fairness in punishment of certain types of crimes, holding offenders more accountable for their actions, to portray harsh punishment will be except for offenses, and decrease repeat juvenile offenders. (Champion,
Category A and D could be non-violent cr... ... middle of paper ... ...riminals want have adult criminals. Truth be told those juveniles that become adult criminals, have only served probation, was on house arrest (curfew) or was sent to a wildness or boot camp in the hopes to deter them; however, because the punishment for their crime was not serious they didn’t take it serious and therefore if they received a slap on the hand. “Some policymakers feel that the juveniles system is no longer the best option of young offenders, and thus laws are being modified to accommodate what some view as the modern practice of controlling young criminals: adult sanctions for adult crimes in the criminal justice system” (Urbina & White, 2009). Stricter laws for juvenile offenders as well as punishment will teach adolescents that you can’t just do what you wont to do and think, because you’re a child that you will not have any serious consequences.