The Importance Of Civil Society

1028 Words5 Pages
The ‘civil society’ term has been first used in 1990s by mostly Marxist scholars, and since then it became quite popular among the academics of social science. The cause of this interest for civil society is promoting democratic regime around the world. The Soviet Union’s collapse was a perfect opportunity for the United States of America and Europe countries to start their promotion of democracy. What they realized in the process that through democratization, the civil participation as an important key figure. Without the population’s support, the country’s regime change was at threat. Another reason these democratic countries did research about the civil society was the changes happening in their own countries. The separation of left and…show more content…
Although this definition is still debatable, since many scholars think it as unsatisfactory and incomplete; it is commonly used while explaining or referring to civil society. Many people believe that civil society is the society in the country or around the world; truth is, it is not a group of people but it is a group of institutions and relations. Since not all institutions are the same, which ones should be counted as civil society is another problem in that sense. Voluntary groups and the free will of the citizens is a great dilemma in the civil society term. For an example, religion can be chosen even after an individual was born into a specific one, furthermore religious groups are considered as a part of the civil society. But a thing like being a member of a family is not, because that does not depend on free will. The problem about this is that the voluntary groups can be arisen because of the current political parties’ effect in that time period. Also since most civil groups take place in the civil society, many different groups like human rights and terrorist groups can be combined, which is simply unacceptable. Separating political and civil society is another issue, since it is hard to know where political society starts and ends. These two can be in a close relationship, maybe even allies to each…show more content…
Traditional civil society tries to adapt to the change or consolidation, modern civil society gains power and influence while the state’s systems change. The civil society may ignore what the state is doing, they may be opposed to them or they could try to influence their political system in the process. Avoiding the state is mostly seen in the weak states, since they do not possess a lot of control over the people living in the country. If the state is strong and repressive, then the civil society takes an antagonistic part against the state. Lastly, if the state is strong and fair to its citizens then the civil society and the state cooperate and work
Open Document