The Iliad by Homer

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The Iliad by Homer

The Iliad, by Homer, tells a part of the tale of the conquest of Troy by the Greeks. In the Greek army there are many prominent figures. These important Greeks have distinct personalities. This paper hopes to demonstrate that certain famous Greeks each get some form of comeuppance based on their respective bad character traits and actions. In essence, this paper will show that justice is served against the Greeks for their actions.

It seems appropriate to start with the head of the Greek army, Agamemnon. Agamemnon displays great arrogance (hubris, if you will) by forcefully taking Breseis from Achilleus. This action leads to Achilleus refusing to fight and almost costing the Greeks the war. Eventually, Agamemnon apologizes and Achilleus rejoins the fighting. Yet, even when apologizing Agamemnon refuses to accept any blame for his actions. Instead, Agamemnon claims that it was not his fault because Zeus made him crazy. Since Achilleus does rejoin the fighting and Agamemnon does not take blame for his actions, Achilleus’ brief lapse from the fighting is insufficient justice for Agamemnon’s arrogance. The justice for Agamemnon’s arrogance will be discussed a below.

There is another facet of Agamemnon’s character that plays a key role in his eventual punishment. That role is the role of Agamemnon the adulterer. Adultery plays a double role with Agamemnon. First, there is the girl Chryseis about whom Agamemnon admits to liking better than his own wife. Second, the Trojan War is about adultery. The entire war is centered on Helen’s act of adultery. Agamemnon is acting on a double standard. Adultery is the cause of the Trojan War, and is therefore bad. Yet, Agamemnon is cheating on his wife, ...

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...und the fighting circle before finally killing him. These similarities further show how The Aeneid is written to The Iliad. Finally, The Iliad deals with the events leading to, but not including, the fall of Troy. The Aeneid deals with the events leading to, but not including, the rise of Rome and the fall of Greece. Therefore, The Aeneid is written to The Iliad.

Also, it is evident that certain characters from The Iliad are punished after the Trojan War according to their misdeeds during the Trojan War. Agamemnon commits adultery and is killed by his wife the adulteress. The great warrior Achilleus arrogantly attempts to desecrate the corpse of Hektor. Paris, one of the weakest members of the Trojan army, kills Achilleus. Odysseus is punished according to his craftiness. Therefore, these characters from The Iliad are punished according to their misdeeds.