The continuing Mass Shootings in the United States has caused the gun control debate to intensify. While anti-gun control advocates say the Second Amendment guarantees each individual the right to bear arms, the pro-gun control group reads the Second Amendment as a collective right to bear arms; meaning organized militia are the only ones with that right. This essay will analyse the effectiveness of several different articles which present arguments for and against gun control. Charles W. Collier’s article, “Gun Control in America: An Autopsy Report”, dives into the controversial topic of gun ownership and gun control in the United States. He uses recent shootings, including the George Zimmerman case and the Connecticut elementary school shooting, to present his case that gun violence will remain in the United States as long as guns remain high in number and low in regulation.
They discuss issues such as mental stability, the Constitution, and the type of gun that is legal to own. Those that are in favor of changing gun laws believe due to recent events such as Sandy Hook, The laws should ban gun ownership to a citizen unless they are certified to own one. The citizens that oppose changing gun laws are saying people need self defense and bring up the recent Boston Bomber incident. Those that are trying to change the gun laws are saying that the Constitution was written a long time ago and needs to be updated about a person’s self defense. Those who are against change are saying that the Constitution cannot be changed because the guns aren’t to blame but the people that are using them.
Also many sheriffs across the United States oppose gun control because it takes away the right of innocent citizens to self-defense. Gun control is an unconstitutional attempt at disobeying the Second Amendment, which was written to keep our country’s militia armed and to give the defenseless a fighting chance against corrupt criminals. Our Constitution is made up of the rights of all citizens of the United States, not one of these amendments refers only to a select few citizens, but all are meant to be acknowledged and withheld. The second amendment, ratified on December 15, 1791, states, “A well-regulated Militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed” (Spitzer 148). James Madison was the author of this amendment because he wanted to ensure citizens that the federal government would not take away any citizen’s right to bear arms.
Should the government outlaw handguns? This has been a controversial point for many years. There are those who argue: yes handguns should be banned because it gives guns to the criminal, its dangerous in households and the Second Amendment was intended for militia. However, others argue that handguns should not be banned because they are in the second amendment, for self protection, and for the fact that they are already restricted so that not just anybody can own a handgun. Handguns should not be restricted because they are a right in the second amendment, they offer self protection and crime deterrent and that there are already restrictions put in place to control guns, and finally there are a couple of examples where handgun bans have not been effective.
Gun rights supporters promote firearms for self-defense, hunting, and sporting activities. Gun control advocates say that keeping guns out of the hands of criminals results in safer communities, while gun rights advocates say that firearm ownership by law-abiding citizens reduces crime. Meanwhile, there is an unresolved debate regarding the relationship between guns and violence. For example, a 2003 study by the Centers for Disease Control called for further study, because there was "insufficient evidence to determine the effectiveness of any of the firearms laws or combinations of laws reviewed on violent outcomes". Firearms are generally classified into three broad types: handguns, rifles, and shotguns.
Besides the fact that the American Constitution guarantees its citizens the right to bear arms, the idea of restricting gun ownership in order to reduce firearm-related violence would ultimately fail given the previous experiments of gun control in England and in numerous states. Supporters of gun control state that to decrease crimes committed with fire arms (which amass a high majority of crimes) guns should be banned from private ownership. This removes guns from the public, therefore taking away the instrument of easily accomplishing crimes. Arthur Kellermann and Donald T. Raey, two gun control advocates, did their own research into the issue and published a discovery of their own; the 43-1 Statistic. In this statistic, Kellerman and Raey state that a gun will be used in a justified shooting one time, while forty three other people are killed by a gun unjustly, either by suicide, accident, or criminal (Heumer 9).
The founding fathers made it crystal clear in the Constitution that the ability to own guns is a right, and this decision has been confirmed by our nation’s courts and by the custom and practice of the generations that came before us throughout our history. Firearm restriction proposals should not be made into law because they completely and utterly ignore the Constitution and would result in a more violent society where the only means for the people to defend themselves against a threat has been abolished and taken away. Gun control has been a topic of debate in Congress for centuries. It is defined as any law or policy designed to limit or abolish the sale, possession, and use of ... ... middle of paper ... ...rends.org. PewResearchCenter, 7 May 2013.
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20 May 2014. Utter, Glenn H. "Encyclopedia of Gun Control and Gun Rights." Oryx Press, 2000. Web. 20 May 2014.