During the Age of Exploration, early orientalism started to take shape in fashion. Since, the East has remained an inspiration and influence to Western culture. In spite of this, oriental dress does not symbolise cultural flexibility and acceptance, but rather imperialism. It is a metaphor whereby the West establishes a dominant role over the East by studying and reproducing oriental culture. As Edward W. Said put it, “Imperialism consolidated the mixture of cultures and identities on a global scale.
Mahan states that America’s navy must be as strong to compete in trade and war. Expansion would aid exports, and more naval power would grant the ability to overcome obstacles such as a dispute between the U.S. and another country. Most importantly, Mahan states that the world is in struggle and the U.S. must protect itself to survive. Another argument in favor of U.S. imperialism was that of Albert J. Beveridge. Beveridge argued that it was the duty of Americans to govern others, he felt that if Britain and Germany could, then why not America as well.
Technology is a valuable asset for a nation to grow and a great resource in taking over other nations. This procedure of western imperialism was designed more towards the underdeveloped world which led to the domination and exploitation of Asia. By 1800, China’s Qing dynasty encountered several issues such as a growing population, peasant ... ... middle of paper ... ... Imperialism. Their responses and actions to western imperialism would set a foundation for their future destiny in a world that was rapidly changing and moving forward, and leaving the traditional world behind.
On the topic of “orientalism”, Edward Said is certainly not lacking in opinions. His understanding is that when the Europeans created a division between the western and eastern worlds, the western, civilized nations came to be called the occident, and the eastern, less civilized nations were thus referred to as the orient. Said saw a concern however, when the Europeans began generalizing those attributes which they associated with the orient, and then including them in scientific findings and media which would be seen by and thus influence the ideas of the western world. As a result of his understanding of orientalism and his strong arguments against the Western bias, Said is often seen as either a powerful corrective to this bias or a hindrance to open discussion on the topic. Though I cannot say that I wholly agree with either side, I would argue that Edward Said does more to hinder open discussion than he does to correct the bias, which is both evidenced in his own writings as well as those of his dissenting contemporaries.
Under western liberal tradition, he states that the range of actors has widened and so are the values such as legitimacy, autonomy, self-determination, freedom, accountability, security and equality. He points that values provide sovereignty with a normative character which can be used to evaluate a state of affairs within a society or in international organization. According to western liberals, for an organization to be said to exercise sovereign power it must ensure that it is in accord with sovereign values. This is to mean that it has adopted the sovereign values as well as practice them. Central Thesis The main conceptual problem that the author seeks to address is to find out what s... ... middle of paper ... ...esponsible for running of the organization; they also make rules and regulations that are biding to all the member state.
Orientalism …My idea in Orientalism is to use humanistic critique to open up the fields of struggle, to introduce a longer sequence of thought and analysis to replace the short bursts of polemical, thought-stopping fury that so imprison us in labels and antagonistic debate whose goal is a belligerent collective identity rather than understanding and intellectual exchange… - Edward W. Saïd Orientalism is a tradition of Western representations of the Orient, created in the context of Western political dominance over the Orient, which understand and master the inferior. Japan is a fascinating multifaceted culture, on one hand it is filled with many traditions dating back thousands of years and yet is a society with continually changing fads,
The ability for western powers to gain hegemonic and colonialist power over smaller nations relies largely on the self-fabricated illusion of intrinsic superiority, not only as a means of justification but as a means of cultural unification. The self-sustained culture of an imperialist power thrives on the willingness for individuals to accept the lie of intrinsic superiority and the duty to expand. While colonialist cultures often attribute their power and influence to some sort of inherent superiority or divine right of their superior nation, many of the hegemonic and colonial advantages that were gained by European powers during the industrial revolution were directly caused by luck and circumstance. Post-industrial revolution western colonialist culture relies so heavily on the idea of inherent superiority, and yet ironically, evidence seems to suggest that without an abundance of coal and other resources, the ma... ... middle of paper ... ...f the Modern World: A Global and Ecological Narrative. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2002.
Beginning with, the end of WWII, the West (mainly the U.S and Europe) has maintained global dominance. Since then international conflicts have emerged in the Middle East, and China has become an influential player both politically and economically. Those two developments among others, have raised questions about future conflicts, global politics, and what the future holds, about which scholars disagree. Samuel Huntington argues that the next factor of conflict will be a result of, “clashing Civilizations,” the West and the East*. On the other hand, Edward Said argues that such ideas are rooted in pre-conceived notions, which are a reflection of certain interest.
Orientalism as Edward Said wrote about in his book is still seen happening today. Orientalism has shaped who we are as a western culture and who the Orient is as the Eastern cultures, there are many debates between wheatear or not Edward Said was correct in his book, however at this point in history I believe it is more important to start looking at how the East can speak up for themselves and start to define who they really are.
In spite of this, China by not being able to withstand western influence incorporated imperialism and obtained a modern military and technology from the favored nations. Albeit, the western powers forced imperialism to East Asia differently than the rest of the world. Modern East Asia still emerged with parts of its ancient culture still intact. The unequal treaties, extraterritoriality, and other forms of discriminatory decrees created the Westernization of China, Japan, and Korea and gave these nations hope for the future that Western dominance would soon pass. Works Cited Ebrey, Patricia , Anne Walthall, and James Palais.