Wood, Peter. “Literature at Risk: The State of Our Reading Habits.” National Review Online. 19 July 2004. 19 Sept. 2004 <http://www.nationalreview.com/comment/wood200407190842.asp>.
“Pre-modern vs. Modern Revivalists” Globalization, among other factors, introduced turbulence in the Muslim world. As such, there have been cases in Muslim countries where political and social movements began to arise in a form of revival to strengthen or bring back Islamic philosophy in such countries. In his book Global Political Islam, Peter Mandaville discusses case studies of early revivalist movements and their continuing legacy in the modern world. Mandaville explains that the term ‘political Islam’ is a political movement that is fundamentally “a state whose governmental principles, institutions and legal system derive directly from the shari’ah” (Mandaville pg.57). Thus all these movements are essentially linked by a goal to revive and retrieve a fundamentalist political ideology and practice.
Web.  Schweikart, Larry, and Michael Allen. A Patriot's History of the United States: from Columbus's Great Discovery to the War on Terror. Reno, NV: Sentinel, 2004. Print.
European colonialism had left some positive and negative legacies and the effects of both can be felt today in the modern world, even long after its fall in the 1950s. European colonialism is often perceived as an earlier form of globalisation because it was an early expression of the tendencies toward exploration, trade, and control that continues to emerge as the driving forces of globalisation today (Gopinath 2008). Trade and economic In the 15th century, rulers of Portugal and Spain financed the voyages of discovery that lead to the globalisation that we know and understand today, which is a direct descendant of colonisation and economic imperialism (Gopinath 2008). Their initial motivations were missionary and exploratory zeal but eventually, greater control and power lead to the desire of gold and riches aided by the ideology of mercantilism (Gopinath 2008). At the same time, the European n... ... middle of paper ... ... traditions and beliefs.
London: Lynne Riener Publishers, 1996. Naureckas, Jim. “ When ‘Doves’ Lie: The New York Times plays down anti-war opinion,” FAIR Extra April 2003. 18 May 2003 <http://www.fair.org/extra/0203/nytimes.html>. Shaw, Marin.
For illustration, Ansary utilizes hadith to prove his points. Furthermore, Ansary admits that hadith may not be dependable, but Ansary focuses on that they demonstrate the quintessence of an attitude present in the masses. Normally... ... middle of paper ... ...y by compiling a summary of Islamic history, and, by doing so, creates a complete Islamic history that can go toe to toe with European history. As a result, his argument stands to be thorough, suggesting that Islamic history indeed plays a role in today’s international world Works Cited Ansary, Mir Tamim. Destiny Disrupted: A History of the World through Islamic Eyes.
Miesel, Sandra. “Dismantling the Da Vinci Code.” Rev. of The Da Vinci Code, by Dan Brown. Crisismagazine.com. Gale Literary Database, 1 Sept. 2003.