(Thesis) Higher Education institutions during the period 900-1300 reinforced established authorities religiously, politically, and economically.. The rise of higher education throughout the world, made it powerful tool to spread religious and philosophical ideas by political and religious authorities. Whether it was in Latin Christendom, Islamic nations, India, or china, religion was the undeniable force of unification and identification of a country. Since religion was held at such an esteem in society, it was only befitting that education interjected itself into religion. As religious authorities began to see the benefits of higher education on spreading religious unification, education became the weapon to spread the religious agenda of established authorities.
Reverend Jonathan Edwards, a Great Awakening revivalist, emphasized seeking salvation by recognizing one’s own moral corruption and surrendering to God’s will. Although the Great Awakening challenged religious, social and political orthodoxy, the Enlightenment had a greater impact on colonial America and vastly influenced future decisions. The Great Awakening reached a large quantity of people because of the traveling orators that preached the evangelical word. Although Enlightenment learning was limited to the wealthy, educated colonists, the movement’s influence was still stronger because the well-to-do ruled the land. Enlightenment philosophers began questioning corrupt governments and the combination of church and state.
This added to the British efforts to modernize India using imperialization methods. Thirdly, in French Indochina education, health, and sanitation was improved. Across the region, schools were built to increase the literacy rates of the population, hospitals were improv... ... middle of paper ... ...ean imperialists came to these continents they believed that they must spread the Christian religion to the rest of the world. A large amount of the native people of Asia and Africa converted to Christianity. In addition, countries in Asia and Africa still face problems and many are considered “third-world countries” because of being imperialized by European countries for a long period of time.
There were new diseases and animals imported by the Americas and the natives were forced to convert to Christianity, on the other hand Europe had population growth and a developing social class in the Americas. The Americas and European countries influenced each other positively and negatively, introducing beneficial factors economically and politically, but some drawbacks include diseases and slavery.
The protestant reformation of 16th century had both: immediate and long term effects. Thus, we can see that it was a revolution of understanding the essence of religion, and of what God is. The protestant reformation is said to a religious movement. However, it also influenced the economical, political and social life of people. The most global, short term effect of the reformation was the reevaluation of beliefs, and, as a result, the loss of authority of the Holy Roman Empire.
Research Question: Between 1450 and 1750, how did the advancement and development of Christianity influence and impact different cultures? Dom Henrique of Portugal (1450 CE) - Dom Henrique of Portugal is also known as Henry the Navigator. Prince Henry was involved with the expansion of Portuguese rule in the Pacific Islands. His main reasons for his voyages were to explore Africa, expand trade, and expand Christianity. This is important because Prince Henry’s goals and achievements are what inspired Vasco de Gama's discovery of a way to India and Christopher Columbus’s voyage to America[ "Prince Henry the Navigator."
These religions also have similarities and differences between each other in which it has involved them to what they've become. The major empires that have affected are Persia, India, China, Greece, and Rome. These empires' culture has influenced by religion to the extent where it has changed their lifestyle. Although secular thought has made a huge impact on the world, world religion has affected history since its reemergence of empires by exchanging culture of their ideas during the classical age. The major religions do have similarities among each other even though they taught people different concepts and direct people to different views of ideas.
World civilization refers to an advanced state of intellectual, cultural, and material development in human society. The crusades were a series of religious and political military campaigns (fights) sanctioned by the Latin Roman Catholic church. The crusades helped focus energies from the warrior class in Europe away from Europeans and towards outsiders. Crusading began because there was a disagreement between the Muslim and Christian religions, resulting in many effects. Much of the aftermath from the Crusades were directly important to the advancing in world civilizations.
Religion had a significant impact on the early modern world. One of the goals the Spanish had when they set out to conquer foreign lands was to convert as many foreigners as possible. Missionaries were often some of the first to move to distant lands. Upon arrival, many of the missionaries would set up religious schools to educate locals on Catholic customs. Early Modern leaders used religion as a justification of their blatant mistreatment of human rights.
The French and Spanish were heavily influenced by Catholicism. Both colonies had established missions across the New World in hopes of converting Indians to Catholicism. The Spanish colonists were especially determined to establish missions and convert Indians in their territories as a response to the kingdoms of Aragon and Castile seeking to “transform their own pluralistic societies into a purely Christian kingdom (Butler 28). The Spanish were also heavily influenced by religion due to the Crusades in the Old World as well being motivated by “gold, God, and glory” for voyaging into the New World. The role of religion in Spanish society extended out towards how they governed their colonies as the Catholic populations were under control of both the monarchy and the Vatican.