On genetically modified food, there is a great controversy, because on one side there are scientists changing a particular food in order to address the socioeconomic needs, while on the other side there are environmentalists who believe that th... ... middle of paper ... ...ility of using recombinant DNA technology to produce products with practical application.” Science heroes such as Ereky, Lobban, Cohen and Boyer provided a basis for the transformation of the biotechnology field, engaging popular audiences and the attention of the government. Across the globe biotechnology has been a defining and enduring feature of humanity. Biotechnology has transformed human civilization, economic activity, and transformed the lives of many human beings on the planet. Recombinant DNA technology is a fledging science that provides a prospect the humanity has to discover treatments and cures to the most deadly of diseases such as cancer and AIDS. Studies are needed to establish possible harm that its use may initiate around the world but it is fascinating how the use of this technology has changed the course of history within the last fifty years.
2010). Because of the huge applications, newer microbes are to be screen for production of lipases having wanted properties. The considerate of the study will facilitate us to tailor new lipases for biotechnological applications (Verma, Thakur et al.). Thus lipases are credible tools for the organic chemists. The widen applications of microbial lipases in biotechnology has necessitate the continued research and development of novel lipases with large substrate tolerance, and high stability (Momsia and Momsia
Introduction What is Genetically Modified Organism? Plant Biotechnology is continuing its development within modern day science. With the increase understanding of scientific studies has led the improvement of plant productivity, quality and health. This understanding also contended potential issues on plant growth (Monsanto 2011). Plant biotechnology uses genetic engineering, which is the process of manipulating genes through isolation and reintroducing the DNA into the cell.
Wouldn't it be great to improve health care, improve agriculture, and improve our quality of life? Genetic engineering is already accomplishing those things, and has the potential to accomplish much more. Genetic engineering, also referred to as biotechnology, is a fairly new science where the genes of an organism are modified to change the features of an organism or group of organisms. Genes are found in the DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) of an organism, and each gene controls a specific trait of an organism. Scientists have discovered what many of these genes control, both in plants and animals.
Biotechnology, a term coined in 1917 by Karl Ereky, is defined as the manipulation of living organisms for purposes other than their original intent. Biotechnological research is often propelled by the desire to increase the quality of life that humans experience here on earth and is used to find solutions to modern-day problems. General opposition of the many variations of this type of research is driven by concern about the unknown effects of altering the environment of the natural world and the ethics of doing so. While the term may sound futuristic, agricultural biotechnology is nearly as old as civilization itself. Agriculture, in its most basic sense, is biotechnology and it all started with food.
New scientific discoveries are allowing us to better understand fundamental life processes at the cellular and molecular level. Now we can improve selected attributes of microbes, plants, or animals for human use by making precise genetic changes that were not possible with traditional methods. Given the opportunities that exist in this sector, the presence of trained manpower, strong knowledge base and rich bio-diversity in India, there is little wonder that more and more Indian companies are seriously eyeing this sector. Technology innovation in the life sciences sector is rapid and constant. Thus for biotech companies to survive their current business models, they must pursue profits through products and services, which reflect this rapid rate of change.
A person’s entire gene makeup could be mapped out before they are even born. This in turn raises many controversial issues such as gene discrimination and “human perfecting”. Through the gene makeup we are able to help prevent and cure many diseases, however, life and health insurance companies could use this map to make more money off the individuals who are more likely to become sick. The world of biotechnology is huge, but scientists are only beginning to explore the dangers and benefits of genetic engineering and it is going to become a very mainstream part of our lives. DEFINITIONS “Genetic Engineering, or gene splicing is the scientific alteration of the structure of genetic material in a living organism.
It has given us a better understanding of living organisms and how they develop. Biology is also studied on a scale displaying organisms and how they may react at certain points of growth. •How has natural resources limited or advanced chemistry? Chemistry is a broad science, embracing the concepts of creation of molecules and the manipulation of atoms and dealing with microscopic and macroscopic scales. It covers interactions with plants, animals and humans through agriculture,... ... middle of paper ... ...s also made a very big impact on the development of the world as well.
Many people today are often amazed by the amount of nutrition and health information required for humans. The constant stream of genetic modification of food can be confusing. Genetically modified (GM) foods are plants and animals that have had their genetic makeup artificially altered by scientists to make them grow faster, taste better, last longer and to provide more nutrients. Scientists make these alternations by transferring genes from one organism into another in order to change the condition or character of the receiving organism. This process is known as biotechnology or genetic engineering (GE), and it has revolutionized the way that agriculture is practiced in many parts of the world.
According many scholars, Biotechnology is a significant and massive ground of science and technology. It embraces multi-disciplinary input namely, biochemistry, genetics, microbiology, cell biology and others disciplines. Additionally, biotechnology distinguished into three kinds namely red biotechnology (medicine and health care issues), green biotechnology (agriculture issues) and white biotechnology (industrial production). According to the European Federation of Biotechnology (EFB), biotechnology defined as the integration of natural sciences and organisms, cells and molecular analogues for goods and service (Smith, 2004). Furthermore, the purpose of this federation are develops biotechnology process, promote awareness among society as well as provide governmental bodies with biotechnology information (Smith, 2004).