When talking about her sister in law, Jane says, “[Jennie] is a perfect and enthusiastic housekeeper, and hopes for no better profession. I verily believe she thinks it is the writing which made me sick!” Jeannie is the image of the perfect woman at the time Perkins Gilman’s “The Yellow Wallpaper” was written, which was the 1890’s. This quote is an example of how women blindly pushed oppression onto other women. Jeannie believes what society has told her about other women, which to quote Amy Hudock from her article also titled “The Yellow Wallpaper”: “Physicians, who actually had little knowledge of the inner workings of the female body, presented complex theories arguing that the womb created hysteria and madness, that it was the source of women’s
The movement for female right is one of the important social issue and it is ongoing reaction against the traditional male definition of woman. In most civilizations there was very unequal treatment between women and men with the expectation being that women should simply stay in the house and let the men support them. A Doll's House by Henrik Ibsen, and Trifles, by Susan Glaspell, are two well-known plays that give rise to discussions over male-female relationships. In both stories, they illustrate the similar perspectives on how men repress women in their marriages; men consider that women should obey them and their respective on their wives is oppressed showing the problems in two marriages that described in two plays. Therefore, in this essay, I will compare two similar but contrast stories; A Doll's House and Trifles, focusing on how they describe the problems in marriage related to women as victims of suppressed right.
This number is only raising and woman getting abused everywhere are suffering. Also in the story, while Bath sit up and discusses the flaws in her last marriage she points out “But well I know, expressly, it’s no lie, that God bade us to wax ad multiply; this gentle text, I can well understand.” (Chaucer. Page 682, lines 27-30.) She also talks about how it’s a difference between men and woman when it comes to marriage and sex. “Lo, here is the wise king, Don Solomon; I think he had some wives, well more than one.
Women were seen as highly susceptible to becoming mentally ill because of this belief. Women were subject to only be “housewives.” The novel, Alias Grace, accurately shows the construction of this gender identity through society, sexuality, and emotion while challenging it through Grace’s mother and Mrs. Humphrey. Society shows the stereotypical way of thinking in the Victorian era: women are subordinate to men. This can be seen through Mary Whitney. Mary Whitney tells Grace what her goals should be and how she should act: “It was a custom for young girls in this country to hire themselves out, in order to earn money for their dowries, and then they would marry, and if their husbands proposed they would soon be hiring their own servants in their turn and then they, ―would be mistress of a tidy farmhouse, and independent” (Atwood 182).
One example of gender criticism Chopin accounts in her writing is the love between the women in the novel which has been suppressed throughout history as “lesbian” encounters in order to uphold male power and privilege (LeBlanc 2). Edna’ friendships with Mademoiselle Reisz and Adele Ratignolle both act as different buffers into Edna’s sexual and personal “awakening.” Edna’s a... ... middle of paper ... ...ly must complete with the dominance of men. “In acknowledging her personal desires and dreams, Edna realizes that double standards exist for men and women” (Telgen and Hile 53). Ignorant of her “awakening” to come, Edna tests and defies every accepted value in women during the late 1800s including but not limited to obedience, fidelity, and compliance. Ultimately Edna succeeds in determining who she, reaching her full “awakening,” but discovers that the price for having her own identity in the restrictions of society is more than she can handle emotionally (53).
In the stories The Awakening, by Kate Chopin, “Story of an Hour” also by Chopin, and “The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman we see just how woman’s expected gender roles affect these woman. In The Awakening we meet Edna Pontellier who struggles with her social and gender role. In “Story of an Hour” we see a woman who is glad she is free from her husband. In “The Yellow Wallpaper” a woman fights for her happiness. Through the author’s portrayal of these characters, we see how feminism affects the actions of the characters and how the woman change.
Becoming locked in to the role of an “ideal” women is distancing women from men, rather than feminism distancing themselves from men. In this novel, we see women being victims of an ideal society, like the Handmaids who are child bearers, and we also see those who fight against the ideal society. Dinner at the Homesick Restaurant, The Awakening, and The Handmaids Tale all represent novels that should be included in a course on Modern Women Writers. Dinner at the Homesick Restaurant and The Awakening show women who go against the ideal society and do not care for their children as they should. The Handmaids Tale also shows women who are locked in to the ideal society of women, but also represents feminists who take action.
By focusing on the conflict arising from female stereotypes, these two stories reveal the dangers of stereotyping women as passive, subordinate, and domesticated, both to the adopter and the adoptee. Mary E. Wilkins Freeman's A New England Nun reveals the hazards of female stereotypes to their adoptees through the actions of Louisa Ellis. At the time of the story, Louisa has been engaged to marry her fiancé Joe Dagget for fifteen years, fourteen of which he has spent away from Louisa (Freeman 1623). Though Louisa admits that "fifteen years ago she had been in love with him," she feels apprehensive about their inevitable marriage after his return (Freeman 1623). Louisa's apprehension towards Joe builds throughout the story, but because her embrace of the female stereotype prevents her from expressing her true feelings and breaking... ... middle of paper ... ... escape their undesirable predicaments.
Each author ignored convention a... ... middle of paper ... ...ded her marriage as a full canceling of her claims upon life" (674). In all the stories, the authors commonly depict propriety in marriage, a yearning for freedom from convention, loveless marriages, wealth and unconventional women. Chopin and Gilman imply that the mental illnesses experienced by their characters are due mainly, to male oppression. Chopin and Wharton write about infidelity, passion and love; and Chopin and Gilman write about women working for pay. All authors write about women who feel trapped by tradition and convention and all display abhorrence toward the social expectations set for women.
However, Chaucer uses the Wife of Bath to invite us to think about the inequalities shaped in the institution of marriage that produce bad behavior. The Wife of Bath becomes a social advocate for women through her experiences. The Wife of Bath is predominantly known for controversial views and her rebellious actions towards the traditional social expectations of women regarding sex and marriage. Therefore, by Chaucer highlighting the issues of mandatory lifelong celibacy for widows and women only being able to have sex for procreation, he is inviting the audience members to embark on the bigger picture of the unfairness and repression of sexuality for women in marriage. The Wife of Bath discloses that for her first three marriages she sought out older wealthy men for sex and