The experience of maternity has been channelled to serve male interests and to stabilize the patriarchal laws as the universal law for women. In addition, the sanctity of motherhood is accepted only when acknowledged by matrimony. The man made society commands that motherhood is valid only within the bounds of marriage and it desecrates unwed motherhood as a curse for women. Simone de Beauvoir puts this aptly : Maternity in particular is respectable only for married woman; the unwed mother remains an offense to public opinion, and her child is a sever handicap for her in life. (482) The feminists of the West understand the tyranny that goes on behind the glorified label of motherhood.
Stephen Whitfield exhibits flawlessly how the culture that has arisen from this extraordinary era is truly a marvel of the psychology of the human mind. During the era after the war a truly devastating “specter”, as Whitfield puts it, was present. This monster’s birth came from the writings of Karl Marx whose views were almost completely opposite from all of our capitalistic views. With these teachings Vladmir Lenin had taken over the entire country of Russia. This revolution spread to a few other countries so many figured that it could quite possibly happen here.
The reference to the ‘tortured elms' reflect the narrators feelings being "tortured" by competing with Rebecca as she is thought to be an icon of perfection ,she represents power, as she shapes the lives of the still living characters. She symbolises the sexuality a woman could not reveal in the society of the time. Her socially ideal outward look ma... ... middle of paper ... ...is the strongest and most obvious foreshadowing in the story, something tragic happens at the end of the novel to Manderley and it’s inhabitants. Mandeley and Rebecca are one and once Rebecca has gone, so too does Manderley; the heroine and Max are free to be themselves.The ‘Ribbon’ and ‘thread’ symblolises thier freedom from Rebecca, that the drive is far away as it’s not within Rebecca’s grasp any more.The noun, thread, foreshadows negative experiences in Manderley the narrator has had.The tone is calm in the closing sentence of the chapter suggesting a sense of relief as Rebecca has no significance in their life. she vows to never tell anyone of the dream not evn maxim as it'll resurrect Rebecca's hold on Maxim once more.the ending of the chapter creates an echo , ideas of fading and symbolizing freedom as all negativity has been destroyed
Plath’s own life was correspondingly mirrored in this novel; which in turn left the reader aware of the issues in her time period. At the conclusion of The Bell Jar, the audience realizes that she was pushed to completely conform to society. During the nineteenth century, gender roles were outrageously strict. Linda Brannon, a Doctorate Professor of Psychology at McNeese State University, states “a gender stereotype consists of beliefs about the psychological traits and characteristics of, as well as the activities appropriate to, men or women” (160). These stereotypes were supposed to be adhered to sternly.
Le Guin effectively goes against conventional genre of real life where the male plays the dominant role. Regardless of gender, sex, and status in society, the message that Le Guin conveys to the reader, is that the human condition is alive a... ... middle of paper ... ...r it to the community (64).” Ardar’s sister had told him, “ you owe us the story (64).” Le Guin acknowledges that change is hard: “But the personal cost, at first, is likely to be high.” The alien encourages Ardar, “It will happen, certainly, I think (66).” The character struggles against societal pressures. The world of Seggri deems a perfect example of how change is in fact a continuous process. Ardar is one who is made aware of the social imbalances and the discrimination against males. The fact that he is aware of these societal shortcomings is a huge step in the process.
Gilead also prohibits the handmaids from being mothers to their previously born children, meaning before Gilead was created, for instance, Offred, who is separated from her daughter. Thus it is evident that Margaret Atwood generates a state that views birth only as growth in population rather than the beginning of a relationship between mother and child. The epigraph in The Handmaid’s Tale amplifies the importance of fertility in Gilead. The quotation at the beginning of the book ‘‘And when Rachel saw the she bare Jacob no children, Rachel envied her sister, and said unto Jacob, Give me children or else I die...And she said, Behold my maid Bilhah, go in unto her; and she shall bear upon my knees,that I may also have children by her.’’ makes it seem that Gilead wants to go back to traditional values, thus manipulates its citizens that their ideology is correct since it corresponds with what the Bible says. Consequently, this state is telling its citizens that a woman’s worthiness only depends if she is able to produce or not.
The women in this book are forced to believe that “there is no such thing as a sterile man anymore” and it is the law that “there are only women who are fruitful and women who are barren” (Atwood 61). The town of Gilead refers back “to the Old Testament in a reaction against abortion, sterilization, and what they consider to be dangerous kinds of freedom of the modern welfare state” (Staels 455). This is a perfect example of one of Gilead’s twisted ways of thinking. The people of the Republic of Gilead make only women feel responsible for their ability to reproduce or not reproduce when in fact men are just as important when trying to conceive a baby. The Aunts, who train the handmaids, along with everyone else in Gilead, make the women feel self-conscious about themselves.
Brave New World is a novel that suggests that a dystopian society is valuable in human life. It tells about Huxley’s “utopian” society and how it differs from an actual utopian society. In this type of society the government, or in Brave New World’s case the World State, controls every aspect of a human’s life. Brave New World believes that there is no such thing as a natural child birth. Reproduction is not allowed, ovaries are removed from women and tampered with to condition them.
Anything men can do women can do the same, even better. Lucille Clifton’s “Homage to My Hips” rebuts the division of labor mechanism instilled in our society that isn’t politically correct; thereby taking a powerful stance in her confident belief that woman can do the same as men. The society she lived in envisioned that only men can do certain jobs. They believed that being a construction worker, firemen, and plumber is only for men because that is what the media portrays. They never portray women out in those professions, yet they envision her at home taking care of her kids.
Although acts of rape and violence have been abolished from society, fertile women have lost their rites to their bodies, sex lives, communication, self expression, and power. In this new society, fertile women are forced to become Handmaids, whose sole purpose is to reproduce. Handmaids lose all independence and must live in captivity under their Commanders. Offred, the main character who is a Handmaid and narrator, loses her name, as she takes on the name of her Commander. Her name is “Offred,” meaning Property of Fred, which reminds her and every other Handmaid, that they exist as property of their Commander.