The Differences Between Low Incidence Disabilities

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First explain the differences between low incidence disabilities (LID) and High Incidence Disabilities (HID). Then discuss three specific transition services for either LID or HID in 2015 and why they are viable for this population. Then, explain 2 specific local/state and/or federal regulations that are in place to support this population of students with disabilities? Be Specific!

The Individuals with Disabilities Act, 2004 (IDEA), has 14 different categories of disabilities (IDEA Partnership, 2012). Students with disabilities can be placed into two more distinct groups which are high incidence disabilities or HID and low incidence disabilities or LID. IDEA defines low incidence disabilities as those students with visual, hearing or significant cognitive impairment (Outcome Data, 2006). These students need personal that are highly trained in specialized skill and knowledge to provide early interventions and education. Those with LID account for less than one percent of the school population (Outcome Data, 2006). Students that fall into this category are usually educated outside of the general education classroom for part of the school day.
Students with high incidence disabilities or HID are the most common in schools. The group of high incidence disabilities include students with emotional, behavioral or mild intellectual disabilities as well as those with autism, speech or language impairments and attention deficit disorder (Gage et al., 2012). Students with HID are usually taught within the general education classroom. There are either co-teachers or a resource teacher that takes the students out of the general education classroom for short periods of time to work in a more individual, structured environment (Per...

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...here are specific procedures that must be followed in writing and developing the students’ IEP. This act or regulation provides that the student is educated to meet his/her needs and that they are able to have skills necessary to function in post school settings (ADA, n.d.).
Students with disabilities can have a smooth transition from school to post school activities. The transitional services and regulations provided by the government guarantee that students will be provided with the education, social skills and community support needed for the transition to be flawless and successful. There are many parts involved in the education, implementation and transition of students with disabilities. The parents, teachers, resource teachers, outside agencies and community partners all are involved to help transition the student into the post school world.

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