Gradually they got dragged further and further into the war and sud... ... middle of paper ... ...m was not even really supported by the Vietnamese people. How could the United States expect to win a war when nobody wanted the government they had set up? South Vietnamese guerillas began to work with the North Vietnamese soldiers to defeat the American supported government and to unify Vietnam. The United States basically turned the Vietnamese that were earlier on their side against them. They became angry that so many of their civilians were being injured and killed and did not want the government set up by the United States to stay in place.
Nixon opened secret talks with the North Vietnamese and in 1975 Saigon eventually fell to the North Vietnamese because they lacked the support of the USA. It was the combination and the interaction between the different tactics of the armies, the media coverage, and the questioning of the war in the USAthat led the USA to withdraw its troops from Vietnam. The change in approach to foreign policies and war by the USA meant that it no longer wished to become embroiled in such a war. This was to last until after September eleventh when it began an aggressive foreign policy but it has been careful not to become fully engaged in foreign countries for long periods because of the humiliation it suffered in withdrawing from Vietnam.
Explain why the United States left Vietnam A culmination of problems within Vietnam, domestically and internationally forced the United States to leave the nation. The key reasons for withdrawal were bulging economic costs, an increasingly impatient home front, an underestimation of North Vietnamese ideology, events which turned the war and ineffective strategies. The United States was left in an unpleasant situation. The French President, Charles de Gaulle, had warned the US against its Vietnam involvement, saying the only way out would be the removal of its troops, “…you will sink step by step into a bottomless military and political quagmire…” . To give a global context to the US occupation of Vietnam: there was cut-throat tension between the democratic nations and communist regimes.
The American government and media had always proclaimed that the North Vietnamese Army would pose no strong unified threat. On January 31 1968, the Tet Offensive proved them wrong. In the years leading up to the TET Offensive, the North Vietnamese came to a drastic conclusion their losses in the battles had cost too many casualties, and they were starting to weaken. General Vo Nguyen Giap developed an all out unified military strike on South Vietnam to wipe out all foreign influence and reclaim the south (Library of Congress Country Studies,1987). Little did anyone know that the Tet Offensive would become the turning point for the entire war.
This led to public opinions changing and wanting war to end. Demonstrations were then held all over USA and pressure was put on the government. The huge cost of lives and money was too much. Americans were shocked by the determination of the Vietcong during the Tet Offensive and the government knew that an end must be made to war and therefore withdrew from Vietnam in 1973.
Leading up to the Vietnam War the U.S was living in great fear of communism spreading throughout the world. Politicians and the American people feared the ‘domino theory’. According to our class lecture, the domino theory is the fear that the U.S coul... ... middle of paper ... ... to not understanding the Vietnamese people. Baritz wrote that “North Vietnam finally won its war because it was willing to accept more death than we considered rational” (Hollitz 287). The large amount of bombs that the U.S dropped on North Vietnam was almost pointless, as the Northern Vietnamese were willing to lose all of those people if it gave them an ultimate victory in the war.
In Vietnam the United States became involved because they felt the need to stop the spread of communism throughout the rest of Asia and attempt to prevent the "domino effect." The belief is that if Vietnam fell, so then would Cambodia, Laos, etc. Vietnam was the longest U.S. war with its never ending deaths, escalating destruction of Vietnam and Cambodia, and growing danger of splitting the American people (Carter 28). In Vietnam the Americans were told that U.S. was there because the South Vietnamese asked us to save them from the communist threat. But what the soldiers experienced did not add up to what the American people were being told (Thura 9).
In retrospect, well after WWII, the United States had feared that there would be a WWIII. "The US Armys role in Vietnam was to establish a safe environment within which people of South Vietnam could form a government that was independent, stable and freely elected” (Rottman, pg6). At this time many armed attacks and terrorism was going on and this is when Truman adopted a foreign policy called containment... ... middle of paper ... ...ia” (peace broadcast). In conclusion, the Vietnam War was a war that the US shouldn’t have fought. Millions were spent, thousands died, just because of the fear of communism taking over in a Domino effect.
They declared we needed a draft to help supply troops to fuel the war against communism, but in the end the result was the same. The Draft was an unneeded part of the Vietnam War. If the draft would have never been introduced less protestors to the war would have risen and more volunteers would have came forward and sent to Vietnam. When American troops were beginning to be withdrawn from Vietnam, it was not because of a lack of troops, but from a lack of support (Walpole, Andy.). The lack of support and the idea of and unwinnable war was the cause of a slow end to the terrible war efforts.
Therefore, with France withdrawal from Vietnam, American wants to prevent a Communist takeover as well as reluctance on apart of American presidents to assume of primary responsibility for fighting Vietcong and their North communist Vietnam allies. Meanwhile, From Truman, American presidents all had done enough to avoid charge as " who lost Vietnam to communist." by 1954, instead of keep the promise of Geneva of taking place a free elections in order to elect a leader to rule the united Vietnam, American assisted Nyo Dinb Diem as the president of Vietnam, established American- style government in the southern Vietnam. By the mid-1950s, the Vietcong pose a great threat against South Vietnam, and the North began to pump weapons, advisors, and other resource into the southern cadres, which were reorganized as the National Liberation Front in 1958. At this time, " losing the Vietnam to communist " also strikes into American president's heart, therefore, in the late 1950, US government dispatched hundreds of special "advisers" (later in war the numbers was up to thousands) to assist S.