Isaac Newton not only changed the world with the invention of calculus, but also with his theory of light and color, and his invention of physical science and the law of universal gravitation (Margaret, 11). To begin with, Isaac Newton laid down the foundations for differential and integral calculus. It all began when Newton was enrolled at Cambridge College, the University that helped him along in his studies. Here, he began reading what ever he could find, especially if it had something to do with mathematics. He read books on geometry by Descartes, algebra books by John Wallis, and eventually developed the binomial theorem which was a shortcut in multiplying binomials (Margaret, 46).
Newton entered Trinity College, Cambridge in 1661. His interest in mathematics began in the autumn of 1663, a date which matches the beginnings of his deep mathematical studies. When the plague forced the University to close in the summer of 1665, he returned to Lincolnshire [where he was born]. For a period of less than two years, Newton began revolutionary advances in mathematics and other areas such as optics, physics, and astronomy (O’Connor and Robertson). It is important to know where most of his discoveries were done in order to understand the reasons behind his inventions.
He received his education at the universities of Leipzig, Jena, and Altdorf. He received a doctorate in law. He devoted much of his time to the principle studies of mathematics, science, and philosophy. Leibniz's contribution in mathematics was in the year 1675, when he discovered the fundamental principles of infinitesimal calculus. He arrived at this discovery independently at the same time along with the English scientist Sir Isaac Newton in 1666.
In 1669 Newton became a professor at Cambridge and gave lectures on Arithmetic, Astronomy, Geometry, Optics, and other types of math. Although Isaac Newton was not the only great scientist in the 17th century, he can still be considered the greatest scientist in European scientist. With help from his theories on light, sound and atoms, his legendary three laws of motion which are featured in his book, “The Principia”, and lastly his law of universal gravitation he can be considered the greatest scientist in European History. In Newtons theory on light and color he explains what makes colors. Newton conceived a “novel experiment”.
Sir Isaac Newton was an English mathematician and physicist, considered one of the greatest scientists in history. He made important contributions to many fields of science. His discoveries and theories laid the foundation for much of the progress in science. Newton was one of the inventors of a mathematics called calculus. He also solved the mysteries of light and optics, formulated the three laws of motion, and derived from them the law of universal gravitation.
But a crux in Newton's life came in June 1661,when he left Woolsthorpe for Cambridge University. During his undergraduate years he mastered the work of Thomas Hobbes, Pierre Gassendi,Rene Descartes and other figures. He developed mathematical theories and generalized binomial theorem, he... ... middle of paper ... ...ystem .His work in mechanics was endorsed at once in Britain, and Celestially after half a century. It has been elongated and consummated by others, notably Pierre Simon de Leplace,without modifying its base and it remained till late 19th century before it began to show nods of failing. Newton's publications include "Geographia generalis by the German geographer Varenius" in 1672,"Principia" in 1687 which was revised again in 1713 and 1726.In 1704,He published "Opticks" and a revised edition of this in 1706.
Originally called infinitesimal calculus, meaning to create a solution for calculating objects smaller than any feasible measurement previously known through the use of symbolic manipulation of expressions. Generally accepted, Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leibniz were recognized as the two major inventors and innovators of calculus, but the controversy appeared when both wanted sole credit of the invention of calculus. This paper will display the typical reason of why Newton was the inventor of calculus and Leibniz was the innovator, while both contributed an immense amount of knowledge to the system. Historically speaking, ancient inventors of Greek origin, mathematicians such as Archimedes of Syracuse, and Antiphon the Sophist, were the first to discover the basic elements that translated into what we now understand and have formed into the mathematical branch called calculus. Archimedes used infinite sequences of triangular areas to calculate the area of a parabolic segment, as an example of summation of an infinite series.
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz is an important figure in the history of philosophy and mathematics. Although his work was not fully appreciated during his day, he did much to advance the "thinking" on a variety of subjects. His fame was scarred by the infamous controversy with Isaac Newton on the subject of the discoverer of calculus. Leibniz's work encompassed a wide scope, ranging from philosopy to politics to mechanics and mathematics, but his most noteworthy accomplishment was the discovery of differential calculus and its highly efficient notation. Leibniz was born July 1, 1646 in Leipzig, Germany into a family of renowned scholars.
Sir Isaac Newton was born on December 25, 1642 in Woolsthorpe, near Grantham in Lincolnshire, England. Newton is clearly the most influential scientist who ever lived. His accomplishments in mathematics, optics, and physics laid the foundations for modern science and revolutionized the world. Newton studied at Cambridge and was professor there from 1669 to 1701, succeeding his teacher Isaac Barrow as Lucasian professor of mathematics. His most important discoveries were made during the two-year period from 1664 to 1666, when the university was closed and he retired to his hometown of Woolsthorpe.
In summary, Sir Isaac Newton was a brilliant man who changed how we view the world of science and mathematics today. Despite the rough beginning of his life and mental distractions faced, Newton managed to invent, discover and theorise so much. His hypothesists guided other mathematicians and physicists to discover further things in the science world. He was even and influence on Einstein, another great scientist, it was proven that Einstein kept a picture of Newton on his study wall. Therefore, to honour him for his accomplishments, society agreed to name a few terms in science and math after him such as newtons which are the units for force, and in math, the Principal Newton's method and even knighted by a Queen of his time.