The Conspirators Errored in Murdering Julius Caesar

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Julius Caesar (100-44BC) was one of the greatest men produced by ancient Rome and he remains today a famous personality in world history (Barlow 2005). The conspirators were wrong to murder Julius Caesar in three ways. Firstly, they were morally wrong in the removal of Caesar. Secondly, they failed to consider a practical benefit to Rome in the murder of Caesar, resulting in only more problems. Lastly and most importantly, the conspirators were wrong to murder Julius Caesar because they placed their interests before those of Rome. Julius Caesar had been accused to have wanted to be king and was disapproved as Cicero (Cicero Duties Ex. 3.83) expressed that a king `justifies the destruction of law and liberty'. Scullard (1988:151) sated that `since many of the conspirators were men who had served Caesar faithfully and could expect further support from him, it must be assumed that their motives were not mean or petty.' It appeared that the nobles and aristocrats in Senate set out to restore liberty as a duty to their state. However, this does not justify the conspirators as they cannot be said to have had some greater altruistic cause in the interest of Rome other then that of preserving liberty, which in the end they failed to achieve. Awareness of their duty (to preserve liberty of the Republic) shielded them from their knowledge of Caesar the man, of his generosity and clemency (Meier 1996:482). Even supposing Caesar was reducing freedom among Romans, he was doing it in such a way that it brought about beneficial changes. Caesar had ended civil war in 45 BC. He also responded to the grievances of the provincial subjects, aided the poor, relocated thousands of veterans, reorganized town governments in Italy, reformed the co... ... middle of paper ... ...r to Cicero. Melbourne: Trinity College Foundation Studies. Plutarch. Life of Julius Caesar. Melbourne: Trinity College Foundation Studies. Appian. The Civil Wars. Melbourne: Trinity College Foundation Studies. Cassius Dio. Roman History. Melbourne: Trinity College Foundation Studies. Secondary sources Grant, M. 1969. "Julius Caesar." London: Chancellor Press. Meier, C. 1996. "Caesar." Trans. D. McLintock. London: Fontana Press. Mommsen, T. 1877. "History of Rome." Trans. W.P. Dickson. London: Bently & Son. Vol. 4 Perry, M. Chase, M. Jacob, J.J. Jacob, M.C. & Von Laue, T.C. 2004. "Western Civilisation. Ideas, Politics & Society." (7th ed.). Boston & New York: Houghton Mifflin. Scullard, H.H. 1988. "From the Gracchi to Nero" (5th ed.). London & New York: Routledge. Syme, R. 1939. "The Roman Revolution." Oxford: Oxford Paperbacks, 1960.

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