The American Revolution and the Formation of Bolivia

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 Introduction

The American Revolution did much more than any of our founding fathers had ever imagined, it started a movement that would threaten the very roots of colonialism across the globe. Setting an example of how a David could overcome a Goliath, the United States inspired regions such as Latin America to fight for their rights and liberties as well. One such region that embraced the message was Upper Peru, which would later be known as Bolivia. With some key tipping points that caused the war, the leaders of the soon to be formed nation rallied its troops and won several major battles, but even they couldn’t prevent the tough times that lay in the early years of the nation. From the year 1809, Upper Peru was engaged in a revolution against Spanish Colonial rule that would span over 16 years, ultimately yielding freedoms for several Latin nations, including the formation of Bolivia.

 Causes

Ever since the American Revolution, oppressed nations across the world gained hope of a liberation from the tyrannical form of colonial rule. Such was the case in Upper Peru, which eventually gave way to the country of Bolivia. In a region that had been conquered by Spanish Conquistadors since 1524, resentment had been growing ever since the first day the Spanish implemented is colonial rule on the area. With resentment and hope of freedom comes the need to lash out and fight, but each such attempt had been put down by the Spaniards in the past. Furthermore to add to the tension, the Napoleonic Wars had created a power toss-up. After Napoleon embarked on his conquest of Europe, he put Joseph Bonaparte into power. Bonaparte offered the people of Bolivia freedoms that the Spanish rule simply refused.

As the resentment between t...

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...rom a republic to democracy. Just as all other nations before it, the post war period proved to be difficult for the young nation, but it was somehow able to withstand all the adversity and become a successful nation.

Works Cited

1. Lynch, John. (2006). Simon Bolivar: A Life. Connecticut: Yale University Press.

2. Gomes, M. Burton. (1994). Antonio Jose de Sucre: Biblioteca Iberoamerica. Spain: Anaya Publications.

3. Morales, Waltraud Q. (2003). A Brief History of Bolivia. Florida: University of Central Florida.

4. Vandome and Miller. (2010). Battle of Ayacucho. DEU: VDM Verlag, Dr. Mueller.

5. Rieu-Millan, Marie Laure. (1990). Bibliography of the History of America. Mexico: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas.

6. Perea, Natalia Sobrevilla. (Revised 2011). The Caudillo of the Andes: Andres de Santa Cruz. New York: Cambridge University Press.

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