The Mexican War of 1846-1848 was one of major importance to U.S. history, but has since fallen into annals of obscurity. It was the nation’s first war fought on foreign soil: a war that advocated the concept of “manifest destiny”, the United States God-given right to claim territory for the establishment of a free democratic society (Stevenson 2009). Even though many historians claim the war was forced on Mexico by slaveholders greedy for new territory, President John Polk viewed the war as an opportunity to defend the annexation of Texas, establish the Rio Grande as its border, and to acquire the Mexican territories of California and New Mexico (Stevenson 2009). Annexation of the newly formed republic of Texas incited bitter debate on all sides. All of the slave states wanted to bring Texas into the Union, but a number of free-states were opposed because it would destroy the balance of power in Congress.
Last modified may 21, 2011. Accessed April 4, 2014. http://jdf78.hubpages.com/hub/Reasons-for-American-Entry-Into-WWII. • New York Times, "united states history." Last modified 2011. Accessed April 4, 2014. http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1661.html.
New York, NY: Seven Stories Press, 2009. Howard Zinn and Anthony Arnove. Voices of a People’s History. New York, NY: Seven Stories Press, 2009. Williams, Appleman William.
There are several reasons why the united states decided to expand. In the early decades of the nineteenth century, many Americans believed that the rapid growth would cause an economical downfall . But such vast distances were quickly being conquered by technological innovations. Although the United States had no shortage of unoccupied lands, expansionists argued that the republic must continue to grow in order to survive. Using the political philosophy of Thomas Jefferson, they viewed a great region of land as the mainstay of a growing republic, and warned against the concentration of political and economic power.
James Polk was elected during the mid 1840s, a time period when the ideology of Manifest Destiny influenced many American settlers to move westward. During this time period, America had a boundary dispute over Oregon with Britain as well as the issue dealing with the independence of Texas with Mexico. America claimed the entire Oregon territory from the California boundary to the southern boundary of Russian Alaska. At the same time, Britain was a world power with a strong military to support itself while Mexico didn’t have the financial or militaristic capabilities of fighting a war after gaining independence from Spain. For this reason, President James Polk didn’t want to take a risk by waging war against a superpower Britain while a war with a militaristically weaker Mexico was more opportunistic in terms of land gains.
American-Mexican War The Mexican-American War marked the first American military battle to be fought on foreign soil. The Mexican American War was mainly driven by the idea of “Manifest Destiny”; the belief that the United States had a right to spread across the continent to the Pacific Ocean. The motives that were really behind Manifest Destiny was the acquisition of new territory ,and the Americans wanted territories which were relatively uninhabited by people they considered inferior, such as Indians, blacks and Mexicans. President Pork provoked war with Mexicans with the aim of pushing Mexico into negotiating with Americans. To achieve this, he was willing to threaten them with war.
Mexico responded by breaking off diplomatic relations. President Tyler left the office as the 10th president before he was able to purchase Texas, so President Polk as 11th president continued with the campaign to buy up Texas. The Annexation included the territories of California and Oregon. The Mexican-American War played a vital role which led to the occupation and eventual expansion of the Un... ... middle of paper ... ... they had owned for centuries, in the end it cost Mexico lives and land. The United States knew that Mexico was a weaker nation so by using their military force they were hoping to coerce Mexico into giving up the lands because Mexico stood no chance against the might of the United States military force.
(2009). Retrieved from http://www.history.com/topics/american-revolution/boston-tea-party History.com Staff. (2009). Stamp act [Web]. Retrieved from http://www.history.com/topics/american-revolution/stamp-act Paul revere [Web].