The Texas legislative is the dominant branch of the state government of Texas and works within the constitutional structure of separation of powers. As it is the representative of the people of Texas and under the 10th amendment to the USA constitution it implements the authoritative powers that only works for the US constitution and Texas and federal law that are applicable (Dye, Gibson & Robinson, 2010). It also has the authority to put into practice the necessary police rule to promote the safety, moral, health and welfare. The Legislature is a bicameral body that consists of the 31 representatives of member of council and 150 members of House of Representatives. The effects of bicameralism are: it helps to stabilize …show more content…
The members include the chair of Senate and House administration committees. Four senators selected by the lieutenant, nine representatives are chosen by the House speaker and the Lieutenant governor and the Speaker who serve as a chair and vice chair, respectively. Three standing committees manage the Council activities that are the executive, the finance and subject matter committees. The executive committee supervises all the operations of the legislative council, the finance mange the expenditures and support salaries and financial plan (Dye, Gibson & Robinson, 2010). Lastly, the subject matter committee analyzes and prioritizes the study projects or even works as a study committee. The Texas Legislature regular session meets in January on the second Tuesday of each odd-numbered …show more content…
Davis who later on became the Union General and the new constitution was written that gave the Governor the right to appoint more than 9,000 offices, imposing on the local government and the will of the people. Later, in 1876 a new constitution convention held and developed the constitution that weakened the State Government and remained the shadow of its previous identity (Dye, Gibson & Robinson, 2010). The Governor has the staff of 250 individuals to aid in carrying out the duties of the office that includes a Chief of Staff and a deputy Chief of Staff, a general counsel and a press secretary. Texas governor has to address with the constitutional requirement of the public. Governor has to deliver the message to legislative session in order to open the biennial budget message including retirement message at the session end. Governor has informal power to address any emergency situation. However, the formal power authorizes the Governor to put personal agenda and views to attempt to persuade the
Our Legislative Branch has two chambers or as some will call it bicameral. The chambers consist of the Senate and the House of Representatives just like the National Legislative Branch. In our Senate we currently have a total of 31 members and there are 150 members in the House of Representatives. Senators hold their seat for 4 years and their election years are spread out while the House of Representatives are elected for two-year terms. In our Texas Legislature we have a few authority figures. “The Texas Constitution provides that the lieutenant governor shall serve as president of the senate, the presiding officer of that body. The lieutenant governor is elected statewide by voters of Texas and is the second-highest ranking officer of the executive branch of government”. (Texas Medical Associaton) In the House of Representatives we have a Speaker of the House who is chosen in each time a new legislature starts by its own members. “The speaker maintains order during floor debate, recognizing legislators who wish to speak and ruling on procedural matters.” (Joe Straus Speaker) There are also many committees who act as important gatekeepers and shape the proposed legislation. (University of Texas at Austin). The main pu...
Martial law is where the military is put in control of normal civilian functions of government due to an invasion or disaster of some degree. Being able to call for military control shows the military power the governor can possess. Another power and duty the governor has in the state is formulating and submitting the state budget. Given these powers, this allows the governor to reveal his spending priorities. Given these budgetary powers, he can subsequently position the budget in his favor. The governor with the senates approval, has the power to appoint the three-member Public Safety Commission which governs the tasks of the Department of Public Safety. This is so significant because by appointing his people to oversee all of the Department of Public Safety, gives him police power and makes them more powerful. One role that defines and is said to be the most important power given to the governor, is the power to sign or veto a bill once it has been passed by the Texas Legislature. If the governor decides to veto a bill, it gets sent back to the legislature and they can override the veto if they get two-thirds vote in each chamber and if they are still in
An informal power is a power which is not stated in laws, which gives the governor additional abilities. An informal power the governor has in the business of vetoing is the ability to threaten to use a veto. Another informal power the governor has, if utilized correctly, is the capability to use any form of media to influence voting citizens and other political powers. Using the media is a strong power that compensates for the limited powers he or she has. A governor may also bargain or pre-cession bargain to get what he or she wants.
To amend the Texas Constitution, the legislature has to approve a joint resolution by a two-thirds vote in both chambers. Then the Secretary of State prepares a statement of the proposed amendment. The statement is approved by the Attorney General and then posted in official state notices in newspapers and courthouses. Then, in a general or special election, voters must approve the proposal for it to become an amendment (Brown et al.
The Legislative Department’s primary function is to enact laws to provide for the health, welfare, education, environment, and economic and general well-being of the citizens of Texas. It also establishes public policy through the passage of bills and resolutions and proposes amendments to the state constitution, which are then submitted to the voters for approval or disapproval. This amount of power does not appear on the surface to be tremendous, however, with the ability to put into place all laws and public policy’s it makes it the strongest of the three
The constitution establish major governing institutions, assign institution’s power, place explicit and implicit control on power granted. All this gives the political legitimacy. The U.S constitution gives the base model for state constitution for Texas.
Typically, when making Texas laws, government officials discount the political beliefs of its constituents; partly due to time constraints. Stretches in committee debates will allow the voice of Texans, that are currently being overlooked, the adequate attention that is necessary to introduce bills. Therefore, I support an increase in Texas Legislature’s regular sessions; it gives leaders more time to fully represent their constituents.
Our government here in Texas has three major parts that play a significant part in our decision making process. These levels have been deigned to decentralize power and make it more affective for the public's needs. The primary level is the Texas legislature. It is almost a given to say that everyone has at least heard of the legislature. Some variables that the legislature contains are the Lt. Governor, the Speaker of the house of Representatives and Committee Chairs. The Speaker acts as the presiding officer over the house and has two levels of power. These two levels are institutional powers which allow the officer to preside over the Legislative Audit Committee and Sunset Advisory Committee.
Texas is one of the largest states in the nation, holding many traditions dearly. In particular the Texas legislative branch, which has remain the same since the ratification of the 1876 state constitution. This legislative branch is the "most important representative institution in the state", which means that is should function correctly in a way that it completely addresses the needs of the population properly. When the constitution was ratified times where different and now have drastically changed however this legislature tradition has stayed with Texas bringing in question if its still as functioning structure. To a great extent the differences between the 19th century and the 21st century should lead to a remodeling of the Texas legislative branch, but that does not mean that it should be completely changed as parts of it seem to still function.
The Texas Land Commissioner’s position has been a vital part of the Texas government since the 19th century. The position is a part of the General Land Office agency, which handles affairs regarding public land and properties owned by Texas. Along with every other position in the Texas government, the Texas Land Commissioner has their own roles, system, and issues. By doing their job, the Texas Land Commissioner can aid in maintaining the Lone Star State as the great republic that it is.
The state of Texas was founded on the backs and sweat of men who believed in independence through the people. Texans had a strong belief in how the government could assist the people while leaving the rights to be governed to the people. The Federal Constitution is no exception. Inherently, similarities between these two constitutions were created for democracy, and for citizens and their protections. Both share a House of Representatives, which is the initial line of political hierarchy often called the lower house who consider constitutional amendments and state spending. There is also the Senate, which is called the upper house and is responsible for recommending new laws and managing the state budget.
Almost immediately after the proclamation of an independent Texas in his government, a group of supporters of unification with the US, led by one of the leaders of the Texas revolution, Sam Houston, was formed. In August 1837, the Texas ambassador addressed the US President Martin Van Buren with a request to admit the republic to the Union, but because of the possible exacerbation of relations with Mexico, this proposal was rejected. In 1838, the leader of the nationalists, Mirabeau Lamar, became the President of Texas, who considered it necessary to preserve the sovereignty of Texas, and the question of unification with the US was temporarily removed from the agenda. Nevertheless, a few years later, by the mid-forties of the nineteenth century,