The most common cause of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene, which encourages plaque to form on teeth, causing inflammation of the surrounding gum tissue that can also cause bleeding of the gums. If gingivitis is left untreated it can turn into periodontitis, which is the second stage of gum disease and more serious.
The symptoms of gum disease are: bad breath, red or swollen gums, tender or bleeding gums, loose teeth, and painful chewing. Scientist have discovered that people with gum disease are more likely to develop heart disease or have diabetes. Other studies have shown that women with gum disease are more likely than those with healthy gums to deliver premature babies. Gingivitis is usually caused by not brushing and flossing regularly. Plaque builds up on the teeth and when it is not removed it can harden and form tartar.
Periodontitis, also known as periodontal disease, is a common and severe gum disease that damages the gums, ligaments, and bone surrounding the teeth (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2014). The gums and ligaments become infected and die due to exposure of bacteria and other pathogens. As the infection worsens, the teeth are more exposed below the crown. Below the crown a tooth is the root. It does not have much enamel compared to the crown because it does not normally come in contact with food or caries-creating material.
Periodontitis is the gum disease that was left untreated and it can lead to severe damage. When gingivitis advances to periodontitis, periodontitis makes the gums pull away from the teeth and form spaces. The spaces sort of like gaps, are more prone for it to get infected with bacteria. When the bacteria grow below the gum line, the body tries to fight off the infection. The body might break down the bone and the connective tissue that holds the teeth because the bacteria might grow in the tissue.
Cancers of the gum may appear as a toothache, loose teeth, or a sore that does not heal. Bleeding and mild pain may occur if the area is injured. The most common symptom of tongue cancer is a mild irritation. Pain may only occur during eating or drinking. Extensive involvement of the muscles of the tongue can affect speech and swallowing.
Gum disease can cause you’re your teeth to become sensitive, making them become loose or removed by the dentist. The illness that can occur from poor oral health can stroke, an infection in your lungs, and sometimes a heart attack. When you brush you teeth you are suppose to brush the front and back parts of your teeth. When flossing your teeth, you are to floss under the gum line to remove plaque build up. Mouthwash is optional you can use it if you want, because it can be helpful to kill the bacteria that cause bad breath.
Even if the goal is simply whiter teeth, people have to be aware of the repercussions of not having substantial oral hygiene regimens and practices. If the average person fails to keep up with what’s going on in their mouth, the bacteria that forms and builds up can lead to gum disease, tooth decay, and even heart issues. And a little prevention goes a long way. Periodontal-disease bacteria will gather and hide in the corners of mouths and begin feeding on substances within the mouths. “The feeding results in plaque, which is a gummy film that covers the teeth.
Periodontal Disease Periodontal disease is more commonly known as gum disease or gingivitis. This infection is serious enough, that it can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. This chronic infection starts around the tooth and it affects the supporting bone and gums. Periodontal disease can affect anywhere from one tooth to all thirty-two teeth. The disease pathology starts with the plaque that builds up on your teeth everyday.
Periodontal disease, or periodontitis, is an “inflammation of the gums that leads to multiple dental diseases…caused by infections or by plaque that adheres to the surface of the teeth” (Blake 86). Gingivitis is an “early form of periodontal disease that involves gum swelling, bleeding, and oral pain” (Blake 86). Thus, periodontal disease typically moves from the early stage of gingivitis to more progressive stages, gradually worsening until teeth are potentially lost or separated from the gums or jaw bone. Subsequently, the risk of heart attack, stroke, and other health problems can occur (Nordqvist 1). In considering periodontal disease, the signs and symptoms include the following indicators: • Persistent bad breath.
Bad breath can be a result of poor brushing and flossing, but could also be a warning of gum disease or other unhealthy condition. Research has shown that some diseases such as cardiovascular disease, dementia, respiratory infections, and diabetic complications can be diagnosed by oral symptoms like swollen gums, mouth sores and dry mouth (“Oral Health Buzz”). These signs and symptoms can be early detection of serious medical conditions. Studies show oral disease increases risk for heart disease. Diabetics are more likely to develop gum disease, and gum disease may lead to higher risk for diabetes.