Periodontitis, also known as periodontal disease, is a common and severe gum disease that damages the gums, ligaments, and bone surrounding the teeth (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2014). The gums and ligaments become infected and die due to exposure of bacteria and other pathogens. As the infection worsens, the teeth are more exposed below the crown. Below the crown a tooth is the root. It does not have much enamel compared to the crown because it does not normally come in contact with food or caries-creating material.
pag.). Most of the time gingivitis is from not brushing and flossing which may lead to the use of certain drugs and source of medical disorders. When the gums turn red, swollen, and start bleeding it is usually the sign of the common disease, gingivitis. Gingivitis is sometimes not detected and barely causes any pain in the beginning stages. Nevertheless, gingivitis that is not treated may lead to periodontitis which is a more severe gum disease than gingivitis that can eventually result in tooth loss.
The most common cause of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene, which encourages plaque to form on teeth, causing inflammation of the surrounding gum tissue that can also cause bleeding of the gums. If gingivitis is left untreated it can turn into periodontitis, which is the second stage of gum disease and more serious.
If not treated, the infection begins destroying the bone around the teeth. If the bones, tissue and gums supporting your teeth are destroyed, the teeth may begin to shift, loosen and/or fall out. Although the majority of people do not realize they have gingivitis, now that the disease has progressed, the symptoms are more evident. Symptoms include: Pain upon chewing. Red, inflamed or bleeding gums.
Brushing your teeth is not enough in many cases. Make friends with the floss as well. It may prevent you from contracting periodontal disease. If a person has heart disease and periodontal disease their risk for death increases greatly. This disease isn¡¯t something that you can forget about.
“Gum Disease was report to be leading cause to other health problems” (American Dental Hygienist Association). When your gums turn black they are starting to rot and your gums will start to become swollen. When brush your teeth and they start to bleed, that will cause the bacteria to enter the blood stream. The bacteria from plaque build up can cause illnesses like heart disease. Gum disease can cause you’re your teeth to become sensitive, making them become loose or removed by the dentist.
If their teeth is not cleaned right after the meal the animal may experience loose teeth and the teeth will sometimes even fall out (Source C). The animal may also acquire cavities. “The problem with sugar is that bacteria in the mouth use it which produces acids. Acids increase the loss of minerals in the enamel or the outer coating of the teeth, leading to dental disease” (Source H). Having too much sugar can also lead to tummy troubles and obesity.
Using soft toothbrushes and toothpaste that contains fluoride this helps protect your teeth. Since tooth erosion has several different causes it would be very beneficial to speak to your dentist one on one and ask any questions you may have. (About Health) Tooth sensitivity is very common in many people. Various pains and discomforts in your death are signs of tooth sensitivity and things like sweets, hot drinks, cold drinks ice cream and cold air may hurt your teeth and sometimes even brushing and flossing. Tooth sensitivity can be treated by practicing regular dental hygiene practices, desensitizing your teeth, fluoride
(Hill Sampson, 2013.) Using toothpaste is also very important in the brushing process. According to the American Dental Association ADA, brushing with toothpaste is important for several reasons. First and foremost, a toothpaste and a correct brushing action work to remove plaque, which is a sticky harmful film of bacteria that grows on our teeth that causes cavities, gum disease and eventual tooth loss if not controlled. Additionally toothpaste contains fluoride, which makes the entire tooth structure more resistant to decay and promotes remineralization, which aids in repairing early decay before the damage can even be seen.
One factor is poor hygiene habits such as not brushing and flossing daily, which can cause food particles to collect in the mouth and develop into bacteria known as plaque. The bacteria can then coat the teeth and cause tooth decay and irritation to the gums (gingivitis) (Grayson, 2004, para.4). A buildup of plaque on the teeth can cause toxins to form in the mouth, and then what you thought was a persistent bad taste or a continual case of bad breath could be a warning sign of gum disease. If the disease continues without any treatment, it will lead to further damage to the gums and jawbone (Grayson). What once was just a case of bad breath could then lead to periodontal disease, so be sure to see your dentist regularly and prevent gum disease by flossing daily and brushing two to three times a day.