Essay On Periodontal Disease

Better Essays
If you have diabetes, you probably know that uncontrolled blood sugar levels can negatively affect various organs in your body, including the heart, kidneys, nerves and eyes; however, did you know that inconsistent blood glucose levels can also lead to periodontal disease? Periodontal disease often leads to dental pain which can make chewing difficult. There is also the possibility of tooth loss.
Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease (gum disease) is an infection of the bone and gum. If you are diabetic, you are at greater risk of developing infections, including periodontal disease. Furthermore, if you have diabetes and develop gum disease, it can lead to a more serious case of periodontal disease, as well as take you longer to heal. Gum
…show more content…

Good oral hygiene and regular dental check-ups.

Level 2 – Slight Periodontal Disease and Level 3 – Moderate Periodontal Disease

The infection is now destroying the bone that supports your teeth. Eliminating bacteria through good oral hygiene is not possible.

The gum tissue begins pulling away from the teeth. This creates pockets that allow bacteria to build up, which leads to an infection. As your body fights the harmful bacteria, the bone and tissue holding the teeth in place begin breaking down. The pockets deepen and begin filling with pus. Once you reach this stage, you may need to have surgery to save your teeth. If not treated, the infection begins destroying the bone around the teeth. If the bones, tissue and gums supporting your teeth are destroyed, the teeth may begin to shift, loosen and/or fall out.

Although the majority of people do not realize they have gingivitis, now that the disease has progressed, the symptoms are more evident.

Symptoms include:

Pain upon chewing. Red, inflamed or bleeding gums. Poor alignment of the teeth. Sores inside the mouth. Pockets between the gums and teeth, or receding
…show more content…
Bacteria can easily enter the bloodstream contributing to additional systemic health issues.

The Connection Between High Blood Sugar Levels and Periodontal Disease

Saliva contains glucose; therefore, if you have uncontrolled diabetes, the amount of glucose present in your saliva is elevated. We naturally have somewhere between 200 to 300 bacterial species in our mouths: Some of these bacteria are good and some of them are bad. Streptococcus mutans is typically the bacterium responsible for causing tooth decay; whereas, periodontal disease is usually caused by a mixture of Porphyromonas gingivalis and Treponema denticola.

Elevated glucose levels assist the harmful bacterias, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Treponema denticola, by providing the substance necessary to produce the acid that combines with our saliva to form the soft, sticky film referred to as plaque. In addition, plaque is created when we eat foods containing starches or sugars.
The Dangers of