Manifest destiny is the idea that Americans had, and have, the inherent right to expand the United States from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. As we know, this eventually happened, but it took a lot of time, money, blood, and effort in order to achieve this divine goal. We take for granted the size and span of our country, when for a good part of the 19th century, we shared the land mass with Spanish Mexico. It’s important to understand what drove us to pursue this goal, and the struggles that we encountered in obtaining, exploring, and settling the land. Europeans, for centuries, have been obsessed with the idea of conquest.
Polk didn’t just give up there, but also fought with Mexico over California and New Mexico. All the struggling inevitably paid off because most of the changes in foreign and domestic policies from 1840 to 1850 brought the United States one huge step closer to establishing a democratized nation. Even though there was much debate over the Oregon territory, it eventually connected many people from the east to west. Oregon was seen to the British as a fur-division of the Hudson’s Bay Company. They fought for the territory simply for the motive of competing with the Americans for land and commercial aspirations.
Regional separations and movements for women’s and black rights added to this difficulty, creating new political groups and questioning national identity. Perhaps the most significant political change in the 19th century, the regionalization of western states challenged the growth of their respective identities. As Bulliet says, “after independence, new national governments were generally weaker than the colonial governments they replaced.” In Spanish America, initiatives like Gran Columbia failed because of debate over economic policy, power struggles, and other interprovincial conflict. The lands of New Spain (1521-1821) were wide and varied, and many of the natives never desired to live under such a flag to begin with. This was illustrated with the Caste War, a string of many battles that were waged between the Maya and the Spanish over rights and land in the Yucatán area of Mexico, starting in 1847.
During the years of 1675 and 1676 the North American colonies experienced conflicts that shaped the dynamics of their colonial life. King Phillip's War would effectively end relations between the New England colonists and the Indians. Also, the rebellion in Virginia led by Nathaniel Bacon stressed the growing discontent of poor frontier farmers for British rule. The consequences of these two events clearly had an impact on different levels that would extend well beyond their time. Therefore, the years 1675 and 1676 played a very significant role in the Northern American colonies.
The Seven Years War was the first international conflict dealing with all major world powers. The majority of the issue was due to “real estate” speculation and territories surrounding the Ohio Valley (Ohio Valley, 156). Native American’s used furs and traded goods to play each power against each other ultimately resulting in war. The powers that were involved in the war fought for the support of the Native Americans in order to gain favorable lands and goods and the upper hand above the other powers. Ultimately, Native Americans were the most influential power during the war, and the relations held with them not only had affect during the war, but also had influence and led to post war struggles.
The side that wins a war takes the spoils of war and in this case land was taken from the loser. Based on the result of the French and Indian War, the Indians were in disastrous situation. They would lose their land because the Ohio River Valley was what the two sides were fighting for, and that meant a loss of their property. “The Ohio Valley tribes continued to struggle with both the British and Americans for control of the region for another half century. But, outnumbered and divided among themselves, they were rarely able to confront their European opponents on equal terms” (Moore 471).
Those cultures were forced to interact; and those interactions created the embers that lead to the uniting of the colonies to form a new nation, the United States of America. The need for resources, principally land, created turmoil amongst the English colonists and the French. The indigenous people of America were pressured by both sides to give up their land. The cultures of the Europeans did not afford them the ability to recognize people of color as equals. This inability would be echoed throughout early America.
The Civil War: one of the most pivotal and significant moments in the history of the United States of America. The dividing of a newly birthed nation upon itself - the turmoil created threatened to collapse a unified yearning for independence. A nation once united by the solace of solidarity, once tread on by the tyranny of a motherland, once triumphant in a fight for freedom, became segregated by principle. Power and greed fueled a dichotomy between color and people which repercussions' lingered in the air of America for the better part of two centuries, and quite possibly more to come. The civil war has left its mark on American society, and its damage is still crippling a social zeitgeist that has the potential to flourish in harmonic equality and freedom.
To them their environment shaped their sense of identity, so when they were relocated they had a undergo a drastic change to survive which had great effects on the tribes’ futures. For example, the Cherokee are currently divided into three groups because of the Indian Removal Act:Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, United Keetoowah Band of Cherokees. The Indian Removal Act had great historical effects on the 5 “Civilized” Tribes, since it caused tension between them and the Americans, it changed how they lived their lives, and it had negative effects on their economy. One effect the Indian Removal Act caused is the increased tension between the Americana and the Indians. The Indians like the Cherokee weren’t very pleased to hear about the removal act.
The Europeans in their campaigns to garner control of the land used the native peoples to gain control and ultimately stripped the rightful owners of their land and freedoms. The remainder of this short paper will explore the losses experienced by the Eastern Woodland Indians during these wars and will answer the question of which war was more momentous in the loss experienced. The Europeans invaded America with every intention of occupying the land, the bountiful natural resources as well as the complete domination of the native people. The Europeans desire for the land created an explosive situation for the native peoples as they witnessed their land and right to freedom being stripped from them. They often found themselves having to choose sides of which to pledge their allegiance to.