Special Education

1703 Words7 Pages
Special Education

In ancient Greece and Rome there are isolated examples of caring for and treating disabled individuals, although those instances are thought to be family members taking care of their own family. Typically early societies shunned people who were considered different. During the Middle Ages the church provided care for physically or mentally impaired people. The development of techniques associated with special education of today did not emerge until the Renaissance era. In the mid-1500s Pedro Ponce de Leon succeeded in teaching deaf students in Spain to speak, read, and write. Even though there was success with teaching the deaf, it was not until the late 18th century that attempts were made to educate people with visual impairments. In 1784, Valentin Hauy opened the National Institution of Blind Youth in Paris, with 12 blind children. News of Hauy’s success in teaching these children to read soon spread to other countries. Consequently, schools for the blind were opened in Liverpool, England (1791), London (1799), Vienna (1804), Berlin (1806), Amsterdam and Stockholm (1808), Zürich, Switzerland (1809), Boston (1829), and New York City (1831). (Wiederholt, 1974)

According to Smith in 1998, scientific attempts to educate children with intellectual disabilities originated with the efforts of Jean-Marc-Gaspard Itard, a French physician and otologist. In his book The Wild Boy of Aveyron (1807), he told of his five-year effort to educate a boy who had been found running wild in the woods of Aveyron. Itard’s work with the boy became famous for bringing forth possibilities of teaching people with intellectual or emotional disabilities. Some years later his student, Edouard Seguin, developed an educati...

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...inback, Susan. (1991). A Rational for Integration and Restructuring: A Synopsis. The Regular Education Initiative: Alternative Perspectives on Concepts, Issues, and Models. John. W. Lloyd, Nirbhay N. Singh, and Alan C. Repp. Sycamore, IL: Sycamore.

U.S. Department of Education. PL-94-142 and IDEA overview. Retrieved on September 25, 2011, from ed.gov

Wiederholt, J. Lee. (1974). Historical Perspectives on the Education of the Learning Disabled. The Second Review of Special Education, Lester Mann and David. A. Sabatino. Philadelphia: JSE Press.

Winzer, Margaret A. (1993). History of Special Education from Isolation to Integration. Washington, DC: Gallaudet University Press.

Yell, Mitchell L.; Rogers, David; and Rogers, Elisabeth L. (1998). The Legal History of Special Education: What a Long, Strange Trip It's Been! Remedial and Special Education 19, 219 - 228.
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