Soviet Union : The Cold War

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Even during World War II, when the United States and the Soviet Union were allies, it was evident to leaders in both nations that America and Russia had quite different visions of what postwar world should look like. Very quickly after the war ended the once rewarding relationship rapidly fermented. Americans began to believe that the Soviet Union was no different from Hitler’s Germany. Tensions increased and the result of these tensions became known as the cold war. Among others, the Yalta Conference and the Korean War caused great tensions between the United States and The Soviet Union in the decade following the Cold War; disagreements could’ve been avoided by simply coming to an agreement. In February 1945, Roosevelt and Churchill met Stalin once again for a peace conference in the Soviet city of Yalta. Because of Stalin’s promise to enter the Pacific war, Roosevelt agreed that the Soviet Union should receive some of the Pacific territory that Russia had lost in the 1904-1905 in the Russo-Japanese War. Negotiators also agreed on a new international organization, United Nations, which would contain a General Assembly where each member would be represented and a Security Council. It was also in agreement that that the Security Council would have temporary delegates from several other countries. Overall the Yalta Conference produced no real accord. Disagreements about the postwar Polish government remained and Stalin had already installed a government composed of the pro-communist “Lublin” Poles. Stalin only agreed to a vague compromise by which and unspecified number of pro- Western Poles would be granted a place in the government. He also said he would hold elections, but it did not happen until 1989. In regards to Germany th... ... middle of paper ... ...oth the Soviets ad the United States had troops in Korea fighting on different sides. They failed to agree on terms and therefore decided to divide the nation temporarily. This caused the north to become a communist government and the south to have major weaknesses. Disagreements between the American-Soviet relations could’ve been avoided if there had been cooperation from Stalin. The Yalta Conference was a failure. Stalin did not go through with his promise to make changes in the Polish government and all of the difficult questions were left unresolved. Years later by the time of The Korean War and after the death of Roosevelt, petty disagreements between the Soviet Union and the United States remained. Fighting on different sides the two parties did nothing but divide the nation for the worst. Neither wealth nor power could dispel anxieties and bitter divisions.

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