The Revisionist view had an alternative perspective about the Cold War. They held the USA responsible for the Cold War. The Revisionists sees the motives behind U.S. foreign policy as inherently linked to the needs of Capitalism. When looking at different historian's point of views, one can see how the Cold War was seen as the only need for self-preservation that had caused the two countries to sink in their differences. However, many of the tensions that existed in the Cold War can be attributed to Stalin's policy of Soviet expansion.
The two superpowers differed in views of political and economic principles and were eager to spread their ideologies to other countries. The United States were in favor of democracy and capitalism while the Soviet Union sought for the chances of influencing communism. Cold War did not involve the use of physical arms but was intensely fought. Propaganda, economic aids, Arms Race, and the creation of alliances were the main methods to fight the war. The use of propaganda played a crucial role in containment by criticizing the other power and raised the morale and spirit of their nation.
It was characterized by a competition between the nations’ political philosophies- the USSR wanted communism to dominate the world, while the US wanted democracy to prevail. However, the war did not come about suddenly- it was congealed over a period of time by multiple factors. As World War II ended, the
After World War II, the US and Soviet Union became enemies and entered a Cold War. The two countries had been allies in the fight against Nazi Germany but tension developed as the two countries emerged from the war as global powers. The allies had teamed up because of need, not desire. As the Soviet Union sought to spread communism, capitalist America adopted a policy of containment. Their growing suspicions of each other led to the Cold War, an indirect conflict that stemmed from a fear of nuclear destruction and was fought by each country supporting different international conflicts through aid and acquisition.
Containment Policy 1945-1953 America used a variety of methods to contain Soviet influence between 1945-1953. Methods such as Propaganda and flexing of muscle became essential as America justified its policies and actions as part of the struggle to save Capitalist Ideology from the Communist oppressors. Ideology was the main source of conflict between the USA and USSR. This difference in ideology led inevitably to distrust between the two superpowers. The USSR believed in a state controlled economy which discouraged free enterprise, antithesis of America's economic system; the encouragement of free enterprise and the privatization of industry.
Because for the first time the challenge of authoritarian socialism to democratic capitalism was backed by sufficient force to be an ever-present political and military threat," which mentions that the U.S.S.R. might have wanted to act against capitalism before but lacked support ye... ... middle of paper ... ...at the expansionist and imperialistic nature of capitalism and communism caused misinterpretations and exaggerations by each side. Communist countries such as the U.S.S.R. had a strong expansionism policy since they thought it was their duty to "guide" other countries while capitalists thought that communism would hamper with their economy if they were let to expand freely. ---------------------------------------------------------------------  Russia had been invaded by Germany twice before and was not willing to be invaded once again.  The Soviets had closed down part of Berlin and all of its accesses and exits.  Domino effect- Truman  Most of Europe had been secured by the U.S. and other allied powers, thus the U.S.S.R. had to rely to Asia in order to find support from other countries.
To the western world, this success looked as if it were the beginning of serious Russian aggressions. The western view of the time saw Stalin spreading communism across the world now that his “one-state” notion had been fulfilled. The western view also saw Stalin as wanting unchallenged personal power strong enough to withstand capitalist encirclement. The Russians claim, and have always claimed, that Stalin's motives were purely defensive. Stalin's wished to create a buffer zone of Communist states around him to protect Soviet Russia from the capitalist West.
Many would argue that the Cold War was simply inevitable due to the opposing ideologies but, there are many things to look at when considering the cause. One must first start at the end of World War II and then look at some important documents that followed; Winston Churchill’s Iron Curtain Speech and Stalin’s response, The Truman Doctrine, and the Marshall Plan. When World War II was ending the United States and the USSR were allies. However, they were not allies because they wanted to support each other out of respect. They were allies because they shared a common enemy and while allies, they were lying and spying on each other creating mistrust.
After the war, the United States and the Soviet Union had very different ideas on how to rebuild. The United States, led by President Truman, wanted to form democracies in Europe and create a capitalistic society to build economically strong nations that would compliment the American economy through trade. In contrast, the Soviet Union, led by Joseph Stalin, wanted to rebuild itself and spread communism through Europe and Asia. In a desperate attempt to rebuild, many countries devastated by war fell under soviet influence and resorted to communism. The Soviet Union called these nations Satellite nations and hoped that they would serve as ?buffer?
Kennan claimed that the Soviet’s desired to expand their empire and Stalinist ideology in order to offer resista... ... middle of paper ... ...than academic, since they were expressed without access to sufficient primary sources making and secondly the later views benefited from the opening of Soviet Archives. But considering that it lies in the nature of capitalism to have foreign markets to trade with and that it was part of early Communist ideology to spread it, then the actions of both superpowers were in fact justified by their ideology. Of course, it was self-interest that strained their relations, but in regards to their ideology, it was all “fair” play. One could say that the Cold War was caused by their conflicting self-interests due to their opposing ideologies. Therefore, the superpowers expansionistic actions from 1945 to 1949 were an attempt to spread their opposing ideologies, but this expansion of their sphere of influence was ultimately to aid them in securing their national interests.