The Cold War

Powerful Essays

The Cold War was a war between the two superpowers, the United States of America and the Soviet Union between 1947 and 1990. The USA was capitalist whereas the USSR was communist. Each superpower favored and supported their ideology while attempting to spread it throughout the world in order to create a sphere of influence. These ideological differences therefore led to a war whereby the superpower either attempted to spread their ideology or contain the opposing ideology by a means of proxy wars, doctrines and policies. This essay will thoroughly argue that it is accurate to state that the Cold War was due to ideological differences. The USA and the USSR each accused the opposing country of expanding their ideology over Europe and other parts of the world. The USA defended capitalism through the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the concept of the Iron Curtain, the Marshall Plan and the Domino theory. The USSR, however, supported communism with replies to the USA’s accusations of being expansionist and opportunist and furthermore developed the Warsaw Pact and a series of policies to ensure the spread of communism and limitation of capitalism. There are other factors contributing to the cause of the Cold War, such as Josef Stalin’s dictatorship and suspicious behavior, the USSR’s insecurity of a further attack as with World War II and the USA’s need to keep trade routes available in parts of the world that could not be done if that country was communist. Although these factors are viable, the Cold War was due to ideological differences as these other opinions contain aspects of ideology too. Such as, Stalin’s suspicion was of capitalism and the USA needed trade routes in countries that were not communism. The U...

... middle of paper ... the Marshall Plan to increase the influence of capitalism and the USA in countries who needed aid and economic recovery. In this way, communism would be limited. On the other hand, the Soviet Union rejected the USA’s plans and prevented countries within their Soviet Bloc from accepting aid as they may fall to capitalism. Also, the USSR accused the USA of using dollar diplomacy to increase the spread of capitalism. The Soviet Union expanded through Europe in what the USA called The Domino Theory. The Soviet Union also created Foreign Military policies to increase armed forces in case of conflict with capitalist countries as well as increase the influence of communism in Europe. The USA and USSR continuously fought indirectly through a series of proxy wars, policies and plans in order undermined the opposing ideology and increase the expansion of their ideology.
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