Socrates implies at the beginning of his speech that his fate is doomed because the people who judge him believe in the persuasive falsehoods and won’t be willing to listen to the truth. The death of Socrates also reveals the internal fallacy in Athenian democracy. The consequence of a recalcitrant philosophy stands against the whole city is written, because the gulf between the belief of the society and the philosophy is impassible. Socrates’s way of living seems to be unreasonable for most people, and as the same time is not suitable for the proper operation of society which doesn’t want civilians to question the essence of life. However, Socrates shifts the focus of philosophy from the heaven to the earth.
Socratic philosophy is plagued by a destructive element. It reduces the authoritative opinions about political life but replaces it with nothing. This is the vital stem from which the "Apology of Socrates" is written. Because of the stinging attack on Athenian life, and the opinions which they revere so highly, Socrates is placed on trial for his life. The question now becomes why and in what manner did Socrates refute the gods and is he quilty?
He truly believed he was meant to live a philosophical li... ... middle of paper ... ...t of Socrates charges were due to Meletus accusing Socrates of his various crimes. A second reason to support the issue of Socrates corrupting the minds of young men was the influence of Meletus and his hand in the trail. Socrates had a sour view of Meletus; he was ignorant, arrogant, and unrestrained thus impious. Likewise Socrates wanted believed Meletus destroyed any possibility of genuine education with sophist relativism. Socrates even says before the judges,” They know very well Meletus is lying, and claims speaking the truth”(pg.
Throughout the Apology and book seven of The Republic of Plato Socrates strongly believes in Socratic wisdom. Socrates believes that being wise is not portraying to know everything when you don’t, but to accept the fact that you may not know everything and learn the truth so that you may truly become wise. Socrates views of wisdom are first seen in The Apology during his trial. Socrates is being prosecuted by a few men of Athens: Meletus, Anytus, and Lycon. These three accusers say that Socrates has been corrupting the youth with his false teachings, publicly ridiculing the “wise” people of the city, gaining monetary profits from teaching people the things he knows, making the weaker argument the stronger one and also having the wrong belief of the gods.
Plato’s Symposium and especially his Apology of Socrates justify the claims made in Clouds about the dangers of philosophy and Socrates to the public, even if Plato’s Socrates is less exaggeratedly hubristic than the Socrates in Clouds. Socrates takes the warning from the Clouds seriously. In Socrates’ speech in Apology, he disregards the newer charges made against him and rather refutes the charges made by Aristophanes. The newer charges are just shadows of the older accusations made against Socrates by a more eloquent and skilled “comic poet” (Apology 18d). The older charges made against Socrates were that Socrates “has investigated all the things under the earth, and [has] made the weaker speech the stronger,” thus teaching rhetoric and unjust speech to the population— and more importantly to the malleable, corruptible youth— in Athens (Apology 18b).
When the truth was not enough to convince his godliness to the people of Thebes, Dionysus reverted to violence. Similar to this, Euthyphro expresses that telling the truth does not convince the jury, but attacking the prosecutors does by saying, “I should find his weak spot, and it would be much more a question about him in court than about me” (Plato, Euthyphro, 5c). In this sense, Euthyphro and Dionysus are the same. Rather than sticking to the truth, they take greater measure to accomplish their goals. Socrates does not respect Euthyphro, he proves this by continuing to defend himself with the truth, calling his accusers “all those who persuaded you by means of envy and slander,” therefore he would not respect Dionysus either (Plato, Apology, 18d).
"The Clouds" by Aristophanes - Relevant in Today's World "The Clouds" by Aristophanes, is a play centrally concerned with education. Aristophanes employs satire to illustrate his conservative beliefs. It is intended to show readers that in the tendency to philosophical subtleties lies the neglection of the real needs of the Athenians. According to Aristophanes, philosophical speculation only acts to shake the established foundations of accepted religion, gods, and ideals of morality. Specifically, as it was even discused in "The Apology," Aristophanes believed that philosophical attitudes held by the Sophists enabled those who held them to convince others of wrong or weaker beliefs simply by sounding as if they knew what they were talking about -- when in reality they didn't.
Socrates felt that he wasn't at fault, he felt that he was doing what was in the best interest of Athens, but through his pursuits he corrupted the youth, the very people who were the future of the country. In convincing others that this system was corrupt and wrong he hurt the very country t... ... middle of paper ... ...tamed and unknowledgeable and he took advantage of their naive nature. The death of Socrates is a mark that the political system worked by protecting the citizens. Socrates time after time committed wrongs against the country, knowing full well the effects he had. Socrates questioned the system by corrupting it, by corrupting the youth and turning them away from their God.
A. Under trial for corrupting youth and not worshiping the Gods in Athens, Socrates takes an attitude that many might interpret as pompous during his trial. Rather than apologise, as Plato’s dialogue title Apology suggests, Socrates explains why he is right and those who accused him are mistaken. He speaks in a plain manner, as if the jury is just another of his followers. Socrates first cites the profit at Delphi for why he behaves in ways that lead to him being under scrutiny of the law.
In conclusion, I believe that it is blaspheme that Socrates is accused of corrupting Athenian’s children’s mind. He should not have received the death penalty, but I do understand it was by preference. I think that Socrates let his opinions get in the way of clear judgment when Crito tried to help him escape. However, I do realize why Socrates did not want to escape. Socrates made valid points by declaring that he does not believe in vengeances, disbeliefs in public opinions, and the personification of the Athenian government being seen as a father figure; as well as, not wanting to exile from his homeland.