Though he chooses to avoid the issue, Huntington’s theory provides a groundwork for analyzing the conflict in Israel in terms of a clash of civilizations between Judaism and Islam. This is a dangerous and provocative idea. But if we dare examine its implications and explore its insights, we risk a more complete understanding of the conflict which has plagued relations between Palestinians and Israelis in particular, Muslim countries and Israel in general, for over fifty years. Let us begin with a discussion about Judaism’s status as a civilization. This is a highly contentious claim which Huntington himself questions: With the creation of Israel, Jews have all the objective accoutrements of a civilization: religion, language, customs, literature, institutions, and a territorial and political home.
Immigration policy is, however, only one aspect of conflicts of interest between Jews and gentiles in America. The skirmishes between Jews and the gentile power structure beginning in the late nineteenth century always had strong overtones of anti- Semitism. These battles involved issues of Jewish upward mobility, quotas on Jewish representation in elite schools beginning in the nineteenth century and peaking in the 1920s and 1930s, the anti- Communist crusades in the post- World War II era, as well as the very powerful concern with the cultural influences of the major media extending from Henry Ford's writings in the 1920s to the Hollywood inquisitions of the McCarthy era and into the contemporary era. That anti- Semitism was involved in these issues can be seen from the fact that historians of Judaism (e. g., Sachar 1992, p. 620ff) feel compelled to include accounts of these events as important to the history of Jews in America, by the anti- Semitic pronouncements of many of the gentile participants, and by the self- conscious understanding of Jewish participants and observers. The Jewish involvement in influencing immigration policy in the United States is especially noteworthy as an aspect of ethnic conflict.
Between the Arab inspiration of independence and the Jewish desire of a homeland in Palestine, the roots of Arab-Israel conflict was planted. In World War I, the Ottoman Empire aligned itself with... ... middle of paper ... ... Palestinians and Israelis is very hard to resolve because it becomes more affiliated with the region’s interstate conflicts, natural resources, balance of power, and political influence. Works Cited Amirahmadi, Hooshang, ed. 1992. The United States and the Middle East: A Search for New Perspectives.
The Israeli Palestinian conflict can be looked at through a number of different lenses. In Political Science, theoretical lenses are usually considered to be important tools for understanding or generalizing conflict through a constant point of reference. The problem itself extends back to the 1948, when Israel declared its independence form Mandatory Palestine, a British protectorate. The Jews within Israel, Judaism's ancestral homeland, wanted to establish a Jewish state, and would grant citizenship to Jews from anywhere in the world in Israel. This policy, known as the “Law of Return,” came at the expense of the Arab Palestinians, who represented the majority of Mandatory Palestine's population.
As a result of the Islamization process, the Arabic language became an important element of the spiritual, political and social life of the conquered nations (Soucek, page 69). Islamization was accompanied by a transformation of the Arabic language and literature to popular and prestigious means of communication. Due to the fact that the Koran was written in Arabic and translation of holy texts was forbidden (Soucek, page 71), in order to understand Islam conquered tribes had to learn Arabic. Thus, they eventually became carriers of Arabic language and culture. Proficiency in Arabic was an important condition for well being, especially as guarantee of political success (lecture 2, week 4) and prosperity.
Statement of Research Problem This essay sheds light on the theories that are elaborating the role of international and regional organizations in today’s world politics. Then, Arab League will be given as a regional organization. Although it has achieved some potential, but it could not be totally successful in maintaining security and prosperity to Arab world, especially for Palestinians. Research Questions This essay is trying to find the answer for these questions: 1-Why do regional organizations and institutions emerge, 2-What accounts for their variation in design, and what are their effects? Significance of the Research While scholars are indicating international and regional organizations as potential players in today’s world politics, studying the role and evaluating these organizations should be concerned by researchers.
It is important to note that immigrants have identities other than those associated with their religion. These include ethnic, linguistic and national identities, the experiences of Muslims in France and Britain are contrasted to illustrate this point. The quantitative nature of population studies or census data answers only part of the question, additionally it must be asked, “If there is such a thing as Muslim identity how should it be defined?” The desire to understand the formation of Muslim identity in Europe is at the center of this work. The history of Europe and the Muslim world has done much to influence the perception and experience of Muslims. To many, Europe fulfilled the prophecy of secular democracy as a stable and fixed point of reference to promote the transformation of other societies.
American’s like to lump everyone in the Middle East ethnically as Arab but this is a major misconception, there are other minority groups such as the Persians, Kurds, Jews and many others. While here in the United States ethnic groups can involve certain aspects of politics, it is more preoccupied with social classes. The underline cause of many conflicts within the Middle East stems from ethnopolitics. Stefan Wolff stated, “the essence of ethnopolitics in most situations seems to be related to the issue of minority rights, or more precisely, their codification in national legal systems…and their implementation in the day-today political process” (Wolff 191). This is an important factor to consider when speaking about peace in the Middle East.
5 April 2001. p.405-31. Haarmann, Ulrich W. “Ideology and history, identity, and alterity: the Arab image of the Turk from ‘Abbasids to modern Egypt.” International Journal of Middle East Studies May 1988. 5 April 2001. p.175-96. Hamdan, Asim. “The Branding of Terrorism: Why always Muslims?
Arabizi is used to replace Arabic writing letters, and this raises concerns regarding the preservation of the quality and purity of the Arabic language. In this essay, I will discuss why it appeared, its effect on our Arabic identity and whether or not purity of Arabic needs to be defended. Ahmad: Hey Omar, how are you? Fenak? Omar: Hey Ahmad, Ana kont fe school today.