He is referred to as the father of American Psychology. Just like Wundt, he helped establish psychology as a science with his classic 1200-pages text, the Principles of Psychology which were read in North America and Europe and received attention as well as appreciation from Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung in Vienna. He also contributed to functionalism, pragmatism and impacted many students of psychology during his teaching career. He was influential in my opinion for two reasons. Firstly, he was interested in subjects that were often very far from the usual traditional approaches taken by most of his colleagues.
His most important work was the study of behaviorism. First began by John B. Watson, behaviorism is one of the most widely studied theories today. B.F. Skinner and His Influence in Psychology B.F. Skinner was one of the most famous of the American psychologists. He was born in Pennsylvania in 1904. Skinner was the father of modern behaviorism.
Contributions to Modern Psychology “It is with children that we have the best chance of studying the development of logical knowledge, mathematical knowledge, physical knowledge, and so forth.” This is a famous quote by Jean Piaget. There were many influential researchers and psychologist who shaped the way people see psychology today. Developmental psychology is a big field, it describes the main milestones that make a person who they are. Historically it was very challenging to define every aspect of development, which led to controversy between psychologists. Jean Piaget is known as one of the leaders for cognitive theory and developmental psychology for all of his research and theories he contributed throughout his life.
The founders of the depth psychologies believed that human behavior is principally determined by what occurs in the unconscious mind. So, where the behaviorists ignored consciousness because they felt that its essential privacy and subjectivity rendered it inaccessible to scientific study, the depth psychologists tended to regard it as the rela... ... middle of paper ... ...ments; the Self-Esteem and Addiction Recovery Movements; Family Therapy, Holistic Health and Hospice, and Organizational Development and Organization Transformation. It is philosophically aligned with the post-modern philosophy of science, constructivist epistemology, structuralism, and deconstructionism. We also could include green politics, deep ecology, the feminist and gay rights movements, and the psycho-spiritual wing of the peace movement. Perhaps this is what Rollo May was pointing to when he suggested that AHP has accomplished the mission for which it was founded.
This does not provide us rational answers to questions of meaning but the questions matter less. Three important conceptualizations of the self were developed by early humanistic psychologists such as maslow and rogers. They emphasised the self as being, or becoming (Polkinghorne, 2001). Both humanistic and existential perspectives favour the idea of a fluid and changing, but intergrated self. The second concept is that the self is experienced (Polkinghorne, 2001) and then the final idea of the self as an agent, or it has the ability to act.
B.F. Skinner has been known as one of the most influential psychologists to date. Not only did his popularity grow because of his writings and ideas, but many other psychologists use his ideas in their writings as well (O’Donohue, Ferguson, 2001). Countless psychologists were interested in Skinners theories and ideas, which is why he is so popular still today. Skinner had many ideas in the world of psychology, but what most famous for his ideas of radical behaviorism, operant conditioning, and positive and negative reinforcement. B.F. Skinner looked at behaviorism as operant conditioning.
The unconscious mind (or subconscious) is the feature of the mind of which we are not directly conscious or aware. Unconscious contains all those experiences and feelings that are »hidden« in our mind and we cannot re... ... middle of paper ... ...at his theory has to be tested by experiments and observations and its truth or falsity has to be objectively determined. Kline, for instance, thought that his theory should be seen as a collection of hypothesis and Fisher and Greenburg thought that some parts of his theory are true and they should just be reshaped. On the other side, Boring thought that Freud’s genius in commonly accepted, despite of his theories. Human personality is relatively fixed.
In essence, does it matter that the philosopher was wrong in his conclusions? Taking into account that modern psychology is at where it is now due to people contesting Aristotle's philosophies on the psychê, one would not think so. Works Cited Baumrin, J (1975). Aristotle's Empirical Nativism. American Psychologist, 30(4), 486-494.
Throughout the centuries, we have come across many great thinkers. Most of them, have developed many great theories and ideas to help us grasp a better understanding of our lifestyle and development. When it comes to understanding the human mind, personality, and behaviors, I found the work of Freud and Bandura to be quite intriguing. For instance, Freud explored the human mind and explain what factors influence our behaviors and how our personality comes about, meanwhile, Bandura focus of the different ways through which we learn new behaviors and acquire information. To begin, one of the most famous and influential thinkers from the last century is known as Sigmund Freud and he is also the father of Psychoanalytic Theory.
This theory focuses on the role of unconscious influences on how we think and act. (2) This theory became very popular because of its explanatory power for previously unexplainable human behavior, Freud 's therapeutic method, called psychoanalysis or Insight therapy, was developed to identify the underlying conflicts between intrapsychic structures and resolve them by bringing them to consciousness. Although Freud thought of himself as a scientist, and he was very thorough in recording his methods and outcomes, he did not practice modern scientific methods. Psychoanalytic theory was developed through case study analysis, a qualitative, not scientific, method. (1) Freud believed that people have little free will to make choices in life.