In the field of psychology many models have approached metal illness from different perspectives. Psychologists use models to depict or explain things that cannot be perceive. Psychologists use these models in order to explain, comprehend and treat mental illness. These models include the behavioral model, the psychodynamic model and the humanistic model. All of these models approach and explain mental illness from different perspectives.
Many psychologists have contributed to behaviorism becoming the approach that is today. Behaviorism was first presented by the American psychologist John B.Watson. The new concept that Watson presented perceived behavior as a physiological response to environmental stimuli. He disagreed with the belief that mental processes could not be studied scientifically (Behaviorism, 2013). Watson sought to make psychology “a purely objective, experimental branch of natural science,” with conditioning as one of its chief methods (Irvine, 2007). Watson took an extreme standpoint on environmentalism and stated that personality can be created (Irvine, 2007).
Watson conducted two very famous experiments with Little Albert and with Peter and the Rabbit. The Little Albert experiment consisted of showing little Albert a white rat. When little Albert reached for the rat, a steel bar behind him crated a loud noise every time Albert reached to touch the mouse. After repeating the procedure various times, little Albert, who was first drawn to the rat, was now frightened of the rat. After the experiment was done Albert’s fear became generalized to other furry objects, such a fur coat, a Santa Claus mask, rabbits etc. Therefore, Watson was able to conclude that experience readjusted the stimuli that can ca...
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...ent and society restricts them from expressing their inner selves. This approach does not label the individual with a diagnosis; it perceives every condition as unique (Abnormal Psychology, 2013 pp. 93). With person-centered therapy that Rogers developed, the person is encouraged to achieve their full potential. The client-centered therapy “reflects his belief that people are innately good and that the potential for self-improvement lies within the individual, rather than in the therapist or therapeutic technique” (Abnormal Psychology, 2013, pp.94).
To conclude, throughout history many models have been developed in order to explain and treat mental illness. The behavioral, psychoanalytic and humanistic model regard mental illness differently; however, they all have a common goal and that is to help the patient and attempt to understand the nature of mental illness.