Eradication is the concept that a disease is entirely eliminated in a region. (Carter n.d.) Only one infectious disease to date, smallpox, has been categorized as eradicated worldwide (CDC 2010). How did this eradication occur? From 1958 to 1965 all fifty states enacted legislation to mandate school age children receive the small pox vaccine (College of Philadelphia). Consequently, by 1971, no small pox cases had been reported in the United States for 20 years. The last known smallpox case in the world was in Somalia in 1977 (CDC 2010). Even though small pox is the only listed eradicated disease, the Carter Foundation has listed six other diseases as having the potential to be eradicated: lymphatic filariasis (Elephantiasis), polio, measles, mumps, rubella, and pork tapeworm. In addition to these previous listed diseases are to date the following diseases which are considered preventable by vaccination: chicken pox, diphtheria, Haemohphilus Influenza type B, Hepatitis A and B, HPV, Influenza, Measles, Meningococcal Disease, Mumps, Pertusis, Pneumonia, Polio, Rotavirus, Rubella, Shingles, Smallpox, Tetanus, Yellow Fever, and STDs (Carter n.d.).
The effectiveness of vaccinations continues to be proven (Malone and Hinaman n.d.). For example, after development of the measles vaccine and the implementation of the vaccination program, the number of reported measles cases declined from 57,345 in 1977 to 2587 in 1984( CDC 2010 ). However, even though vaccinations have been proven safe and effective; there are still risks as well as the implication that not every person who is vaccinated will obtain immunity. That being said, serious damage from vaccination is a rare occurrence (Malone and Hinaman). A Glanz study (2013) from the Vaccin...
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...aged care organizations across the united states , JAMA Pediatrics
Institute of Medicine (2010). The future of nursing: Leading change advancing health Retrieved from http://books.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=12956&page+R1
Malone, K and Hinaman, A (n.d.) ,Vaccination mandates, the public Imperative and Mandate, http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/imz-managers/guides-pubs/downloads/vacc_mandates_chptr13.pdf. Accessed on 5/19/2014
Ohio Public Health Association, Retrieved on May 21 http://www.ohiopha.org
Representative Mark R. biography Retrieved on May 21 , http://www.ohiohouse.gov/mark-j-romanchuk
U.S. CONST. amend 1(1940) The Free Exercise Clause; 14 th amendment 310 US 296
Wallace, J.M. ( 2014 May 19 )Measles, Mumps Outbreaks put Ohio at center of nationwide surge of vaccine preventable illnesses ;Cleveland Plain Dealer; retrieved from www.cleveland .com/health fit
Polio eventually phased out from the development of an effective vaccine the late ‘60s and was officially eradicated from the United States in 1994. By the time it was pushed out of the Americas, Polio had swelled to over 350,000 recorded cases. Europe and America had always been on the developmental forefront, but prior to the Polio vaccination’s discovery, vaccines had only been created for mortality driven epidemics such as cholera, tuberculosis, bubonic plague, and diphtheria. All of the outbreaks had devastated large masses, and vaccines were created out of fear of further destruction. This way of thinking was challenged after Polio. Soon there was planning for the future, and there was work being done to halt deadly diseases. Protection against less harmful but just as significant viral infections were developing. These viral infections include the various strains of influenza we still see today. We started out with a significant advantage over other people and have only grown on it. Our superior technology, research, and access to information have helped us land to where we are to...
“Vaccinations are causing a major upsurge in childhood diseases, adult maladies, and even deadly ailments such as Gulf War Syndrome and Lou Gehrig’s disease” (Blaylock). Every now and then an individual’s doctor calls telling them about the latest vaccine they should receive. The person immediately schedules a time to come in and get it done. But do they even give a second thought about it? Have they ever thought that maybe they do not need another vaccination? Many people have not taken the time to seriously think about the process of immunization. The truth is, there are many dangers that the average person should be unaware of. Rarely do vaccines actually accomplish what the public has been told. In fact, a lot of vaccines contain harmful substances that have been linked to disorders such as autism. The lack of education and dishonesty from doctors are putting people in danger of health problems without even realizing. Many parents feel obligated for their children to get vaccinated because of school, not knowing they have the alternative option of refusing immunization.
The article “People Should Not Be Allowed to Refuse Vaccination” focuses on the dangers people who choose not to vaccinate are opening to others. The argument stems from the ease with which disease can spread through an unvaccinated community and the threat this poses to those who cannot vaccinate. Because of this danger the author of the article believes vaccination should not be left to choice, but required for the good of public safety.
Vaccines have been used to prevent diseases for centuries, and have saved countless lives of children and adults. The smallpox vaccine was invented as early as 1796, and since then the use of vaccines has continued to protect us from countless life threatening diseases such as polio, measles, and pertussis. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2010) assures that vaccines are extensively tested by scientist to make sure they are effective and safe, and must receive the approval of the Food and Drug Administration before being used. “Perhaps the greatest success story in public health is the reduction of infectious diseases due to the use of vaccines” (CDC, 2010). Routine immunization has eliminated smallpox from the globe and led to the near removal of wild polio virus. Vaccines have reduced some preventable infectious diseases to an all-time low, and now few people experience the devastating effects of measles, pertussis, and other illnesses.
Rau, Thomas, MD. "Paracelsus Klinik’s Recommendations on Vaccination." Marion Institute. Marion Institute, 24 Sept. 2013. Web. 07 Apr. 2014.
Vaccinations have significantly reduced the disease rate throughout the world. Usually, vaccines prove to be between 90 and 99 percent effective. This reduces disease and mortality rate by thousands every year (Jolley and Douglas 1). On average, vaccines save the lives of 33,000 innocent children every year (“Vaccines” 1). In addition, if a vaccinated child did contract the vaccine’s targeted illness, that child would, in general, have more mild symptoms than an unvaccinated child that contracts the same illness. These vaccinated children will have less serious complications if they do contract the disease; they will be much more treatable, and have a lower risk of death (Jolley and Douglas 2). The risks of not vaccinating greatly outweigh the small risks of vaccination. Diseases like measles and mumps can cause permanent disability. While there i...
It’s Wednesday morning and I’m shadowing my physician to get a better perspective on how the medical field works. Patient after patient goes by and I can’t help but notice that some parents are denying vaccines to protect their children from the danger of them. I thought to myself “Shouldn’t these children be receiving vaccines to keep them healthy?” The physician I was shadowing always insisted on giving kids a vaccine and explaining to each parent why their kid needs one. But half the time, parents insisted “no” and were there for checkups or to get advice on their child. A vaccine works by injecting a weak or dead germ of the disease into the body and the body develops antibodies that recognize the disease and destroy it when it enters
Compulsory vaccination is a debatable topic as many people have different point of views. In the past, vaccinations have proven several times to be exceedingly helpful to the health and well-being of people. Although it is beneficial, some people remain unmoved from their beliefs. Naturally, making vaccinations mandatory would have its benefits as well as difficulties. Immunisations have the ability to protect people from preventable diseases and viruses and save millions of lives each year. Many people are made to believe that vaccinations contain harmful ingredients resulting in their decision to say decline vaccinations. Enforcing the law of compulsory vaccinations may have important impacts on the future, bringing up the question ‘should
Thousands year ago, children had died every year from different type of disease like diphtheria, smallpox, polio, tetanus, whooping cough and other disease. People were getting sick and dying fairly at young ages and nobody knew what the disease is, and how to prevent it. Diphtheria alone was a deadly killer disease. There was no effective treatment for it, and most people who come to contact with it had died. The situation contained until pediatrics discovered those diseases and vaccination against those deadly diseases became available to prevent them. . Fortunately, the only thing that keeps these deadly diseases at bay is proper vaccination. In the recent years, some people refused vaccine due to morals or some religious belief. They think that the risk of catching the diseases is large enough to warrant vaccinating, or they object to the ingredients of the vaccines. These diseases are still exists and they are still as deadly as they were before in the past generations. Children vaccination should be mandatory, because it keep children from contracting serious diseases, keep serious disease outbreak from happing, and protect the community well being of the American society.
Today society is given numerous civil liberties to adapt their own beliefs, and opinions to past generation’s staples like immunizations. The creation, and medical advancements of immunizations changed the course of several deadly diseases, such as measles and whooping cough. These diseases became less deadly through the use of immunizations, and thus the first-hand knowledge of their deadly complications went with them. Immunizations from newborn to adolescence should be mandatory. By doing so, it will ensure a steady growth of the community immunity. Along with minimizing the number of allowed nonmedical exemptions will limit the possibility of a vaccine preventable disease outbreak, and promote a healthier environment outside of the home.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) studied the illness and death rates before and after widespread implementation of national vaccine recommendations (in place before 2005) for 13 vaccine-preventable diseases; diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, poliomyelitis, measles, mumps, rubella (including congenital rubella syndrome), invasive Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), acute hepatitis B, hepatitis A, varicella (chickenpox), Streptococcus pneumoniae and smallpox.
Our country has been part of a national debate regarding childhood immunizations for hundreds of years, with some more afraid of the reactions from the vaccinations than the illnesses they control, and others pushing for mandatory immunizations. The controversy of this debate is due to the fact that vaccinations have a long and convoluted past of both sparing our lives and harming us. History has shown that a lack of vaccinations can lead to epidemics causing a vast amount of deaths. For this reason, vaccinations given for prevention of diseases such as polio, rubella, and mumps, should become mandatory for all children of the U.S. who wish to attend school, without exception. These vaccinations are critical to the control and prevention of
Several years ago in 2008 the RWJF and the IOM collaborated for two years to discern the future needs of the nursing profession. Most importantly, the objective was to outline the critical actions needed to ensure nursing was ready to seamlessly move towards the future. This was no easy task as nurses work in such diverse settings such as outpatient areas, acute care settings, the community, and long term settings to name a few. Couple this with the fact that nurses have a variety of educational avenues such as the associates, diploma, or bachelor’s degree open to them to achieve the status of registered nurse (Institute of Medicine, 2010). All of this considered, the committee did design four key messages regarding the future of nursing as key in the transformation of health care as evidenced in their "Future of Nursing" report.