This is done by slipping a healthy gene in the cells of one organ of the patient. (Begley) Parents of this fetus can then decide on the procedures that will be done on their baby to cure him/her. Not only will the parents of the baby prepare for the surgeries but they can prepare themselves emotionally. This is helpful because during labor the parents will not be in shock when told that their child has complications. Older pregnant women who usually have more complications during pregnancy benefit from genetic screening.
With advances in genetic research, technology is now being developed that could allow specific genes to be selected to create a child with desired traits. Genetically modified embryos are being branded “Designer Babies,” but are these modifications safe to humanity or are we tampering with the moral guidelines? The process of making the “perfect” child involves IVF or in vitro fertilization. You have probably heard of IVF before as nowadays it is a fairly common procedure that helps couples struggling to conceive due to infertility. The egg is taken from the woman and fertilized by sperm outside of the body.
All this revolution in science leads us to believe that the day, when the human being will be cloned, is not far away. Human cloning has always been an issue of controversy, be it in terms of ethically or religiously. Taking a look at why cloning might be beneficial, among many cases, it is arguable that parents who are known to be at risk of passing a genetic defect to a child could make use of cloning. A fertilized ovum could be cloned, and the duplicate tested for the disease or disorder. If the clone was free of genetic defects, then the other clone would be as well.
With pregnancy this assurance comes from prenatal testing and consultations from esteemed doctors. In recent years scientific advancements have allowed for parents to “choose” their children. From eye color to gender the possibilities are seemingly endless. With this genetic engineering of children there are people opposed to it and people in agreement with it. A successful pregnancy ends with a healthy child.
Being pregnant and giving birth were one of the most natural acts of human kind, but medicalization of these have placed non-risky pregnancies under risk as well. Use of advanced technology and exposure to medical procedures place healthy pregnancies in danger of developing problems that did not exist initially. From the early stages of the pregnancy, the pregnant mother is encouraged to participate in a variety of exams. As the pregnancy, progresses so do the number of tests. For the purpose of this paper, ultrasounds, prenatal genetic testing, Caesarian sections etc.
High Tech Babies Humans have engaged in the healing arts in an attempt to improve life, save lives, and, with the advancement of technology, create life. The practice of medicine has always relied on tools created by humans to aid in treatments and research. Those tools have gone from simple hand made devices to technology capable of human reproduction. With one in 11 couples in the United States infertile, and societal and physical pressure on women to reproduce, the desperation for treatment has become widespread. Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) is defined as all treatments or procedures that involve the handling of human eggs and sperm or embryos for the purpose of establishing a pregnancy.
The main purpose of the HGP was originally for the use of preventing inherent diseases. However, as studies continue to progress, increased opportunities arise for genetically altering the unborn. You are now able to choose the sex of you child before they are born with great accuracy. What is on the horizon now, is the possibility of designing your child to be “perfect';. Over the years, there has been heated, ethical controversy on each of these issues, especially designer babies.
Well genetic engineering on human genes has been going on for a long period of time now. It has also been performed on babies of women who were having trouble conceiving to prevent birth deficiency and help produce a healthy baby. As time went on, scientist became more precise and accurate in the genetic engineering of human genes (Simmons). Scientist is now able to help parents make their baby exactly the way, they prefer. Now that we are able to engineer the genetic code in humans to this extent, we can now produce a healthier generation that will have our ideal traits and behavior.
When a mother finds out she is pregnant it is a wonderful experience. Most people are excited to see their first “picture” of their baby, the ultrasound. Even more exciting is getting an ultrasound to find out the sex of the baby. But ultrasounds are useful for more than just getting that first image of the fetus or finding out whether it is a boy or a girl. While it is something most parents dread finding out when pregnant, an ultrasound can also detect a birth defect.
With recent advances in medical science and technology, couples are now able to genetically modify embryos to create their ideal children. From gender, to eye color, hair color, height, body shape, and more, modern parents have the ability to leave little up to nature and take the designing of their child into their own hands. Whether it is ethical, or not, to engineer designer babies is a highly controversial topic with numerous pros and cons. Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) is the contentious technology fertility specialists use to engineer what are commonly referred to as designer babies. There are countless experts, scientists, and physicians that fall on either side of the designer baby argument.