Essay On IVF Procedures

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The use of IVF procedures raise a number of ethical issues, starting with the issues related to the origin of the egg and sperm, to those relating to the fate and the number of embryos. One of the biggest ethical concerns of this procedure is the origin of the egg. As mention before, during in vitro fertilization treatment, the retrieved eggs are combined with the sperm for fertilization. The fact that fertilization happens outside the body with no emotional-physical union between couples is one main argument. Since only the physical aspect of reproduction is taken into consideration, most people against this have seen this process of conceiving as unnatural and as a threat to the family unity. Most religious group supports this view point. The Catholic Church, for example, argues that only God is the center of creation; he designed the way children should be conceived, and no one should alter his creation. They also refer to sex selection by doctors, which is one of special in vitro fertilization procedures, as they are “playing God.”
Another ethical concern is related to the subsequent treatment of the egg and embryo. The in vitro fertilization procedure goal is to retrieve and fertilize enough eggs in order to establish a good pregnancy. Most often, not all of those embryos are used during treatment; some are frozen for later use. Other embryos are donated, used for research, or discarded and sometimes destroyed by selective pregnancy reduction. Any of these alternatives raise a number of ethical issues. Since 1970, more than 500,000 frozen embryos are stored with 20,000 embryos extra each year and most of them will not be used (Clark, 2009, p. 2). For some people, destroying these embryos constitutes an act of murder because t...

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... to spontaneous pregnancy loss compare to 2.5 percent of pregnancy loss following twin reduction (Mcclimans, 2009, p. 295-303).
It is also important to mention that in vitro fertilization cycle is so expensive and few heath insurances covert it. Therefore, limiting a number of embryo transfers can be a problem to those participants whose desire are to have more than one child but do not have enough money to sponsor each cycle. A study published in New England journal of medicine in 2002 found that the rate of multiple pregnancies with triplets or more increase in states where in vitro fertilization procedure is not covered (RESOLVE, 2013). David Orentlcher claims that “lack of coverage of in vitro fertilization treatment constitutes unfair discrimination against infertility person.” Therefore, restriction of number of embryo should be coupled with insurance coverage
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