The eggs are then fertilized in a laboratory dish and later injected into the uterus to progress naturally. There is a surgical procedure for in-vitro fertilization. However most doctors will avoid this at all cost in order to deplete recovery time. With the newer form of in-vitro fertilization the recovery time is about an hour after the eggs are retrieved and about the same after they are inserted into the uterus. Doctors at Monash University in Australia are also working on a new procedure to reduce the rate of multiple births that take place with in-vitro fertilization.
This number continued to decline to 927 per 1000 in 1991. It is not that female babies are less frequently conceived or more susceptible to disease, but rather that they are killed upon birth, or in some cases not born at all. Modern ultrasonic technology and mobility of the machines that are used to perform ultrasounds have made sex screening a regular practice in India. That availability, in combination with the traditional patriarchal preference for male children, has caused the trend of mass female feticide. Balakrishnan says that from June 1976 to June 1977 one hospital recorded 700 prenatal sex determinations, of which 250 were male and 450 were female.
Scientists say that they see some sort of genetic problem almost every time they clone and they do not know what is wrong with the cloning process, or why the cl... ... middle of paper ... ... not have enough room to develop in the uterus. Cloned animals have nearly always had some sort of obvious defect, and the ones that do not look normal almost always are not really normal. Also, there are 30,000 genes and the chances are extremely small that an egg cell would reprogram all of these genes correctly (Kolata 1). As a result, the clones are not normal. Because of all of this, cloning should be made illegal.
Xenotransplantation is the transplantation of an animal organ, tissue or live cells to a human. Xenotransplantation was started due to the scarcity of human organs according to the United Network of Organ Sharing more than 107,241 Americans were waiting in 2010. Most infants who are in need of organ transplants but are too small require animal organs. The practice was pioneered a century ago by Alexis Carrel and was considered ethically controversial it was quickly rejected due to immune responses. With large advances in immunology in the 1960’s xenotransplantation reemerged.
The human ability to conceive subsists as a natural process that many individuals take for granted, as it remains as our biological purpose. Because of its commonality, our society fails to acknowledge individuals who cannot conceive. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “Some 7.3 million Americans, or 12 percent of the population in their reproductive years, are infertile” (Christiano, 2011). Although some individuals cannot conceive on their own, hope is not lost, due to the medical advantages of fertility treatments. In the article, the discussion of in vitro fertilization transpired, with this treatment representing, “the most effective form of assisted reproductive technology,” in which, “mature eggs are collected
Although many scientists think cloning will someday be possible, many also think it would be unethical to try. Professor Severino Antinori invented ICSI (Intracystoplasmic Sperm Injection); the single major breakthrough in the treatment of male infertility, and his extension of IVF treatment to menopausal woman resulted in the controversial motherhood of a 63-year-old Italian. Lord Winston, the Labour peer and infertility specialist refers to Antinori's progress towards human cloning by saying: "He is nowhere near being in the position he says he is of being able to successfully produce a healthy human clone. It is extraordinarily dangerous, fantastically risky." (www.observer.co.uk) Professor Robert Edwards whose work with the la... ... middle of paper ... ...or factor when cloning humans.
This technology, according to scientists, could foster the ability to cure any disease, illness, or injury, but at what cost? Opponents of stem cell research believe that the practice of embryonic study and culture is immoral, while proponents suggest that this technology is necessary for the advancement of medical research. In 2001, then President George W. Bush quickly sided with those believing the research to be immoral. During his primetime address, he advocated only to allow research on cell lines already in existence. Much of this side of the argument is based on the idea that human eggs are fertilized with sperm to create an embryo, and then destroyed to harvest the stem cells within the blastocyst.
Based on the text, the film “Making Better Babies”, and articles I have read related to parents conceiving their child through artificial insemination has a lot to do with the following questions: “Why do I want to bring a child into this world without knowing if he or she will have any abnormalities”?, and “Would I love my child if he or she is born with any type of birth defects”? However, my opinion if government should place limits on the uses of genetic and reproductive sciences, I would have to say no. Although, my belief is that God made all human life, and therefore, life is a gift from God, does not take away women’s right to choose whether they want to have a baby or not. Thus, no child can really be “had”, since the child is not
Christians see Children as a blessing from God and therefore most Churches believe that some types of fertility treatments ... ... middle of paper ... ... have no other choice and as Christians they need to stick up for the defenceless. Another reason why Roman Catholics give their opinion on euthanasia as it might become legal which is a worry as they strongly oppose euthanasia. I believe that everyone has the right to express their view and Christians should have that same right but that does not mean they have the right to make others accept that view. I also think that if Christians want their views heard then they should listen to the opposing peoples’ views. Bibliography · Moral Contemporary Issues · The Roman Catholic Tradition: Christian Lifestyles and Behaviour · CGP R.E Revision Guide · www.bbc.co.uk/religoin/ethics/sanctity-life/ · www.mariestopes.org.uk · www.lifeuk.org.uk · www.painsley.org.uk/re/signposts/gcseaqa
The Roman Catholic Church also believes that only God can give and take life. Life is a gift from God and is not our possession, so we cannot do what we like with it. The church refers to the creation story in Genesis where God makes human beings in his own image. This means we are co-creators and not destroyers. Some people may say that the Catholic Church contradicts itself in the case of an ectopic pregnancy.