The Mexican-American War of the 1840s, precipitated by border disputes and the U.S. annexation of Texas, ended with the military occupation of Mexico City by General Winfield Scott. In the subsequent treaty, the United States gained territory that would become California, Nevada, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, and parts of Wyoming and Colorado.
The war between the United States and the newly independent nation, Mexico, in 1846 was referred to as the Mexican war. The primary cause for this war is stated in Foner’s text, expressed by James Polk and his party, the “reannexation” of Texas and “reoccupation” of all of Oregon. Trying to acquire California was more complex; hence it lead to a major dispute between the United States and Mexico which affected everyone, from whites to blacks and even Indians. This Mexican war was the first fight America had on the foreign soil since its independence. Numerous army forces from both sides died, and it just made matters tenser. Unlike the majority of the Americans who were in favor of the war, Abraham Lincoln was strongly opposing the action coming from President Polk.
The Mexican war between two neighbors, The United states and Mexico during 1846 to 1848 was a defining for both the nations. United States became a continental power as Mexico lost half of its territory, the present American Southwest from Texas to California.
The Mexican War of 1846-1848 was one of major importance to U.S. history, but has since fallen into annals of obscurity. It was the nation’s first war fought on foreign soil: a war that advocated the concept of “manifest destiny”, the United States God-given right to claim territory for the establishment of a free democratic society (Stevenson 2009). Even though many historians claim the war was forced on Mexico by slaveholders greedy for new territory, President John Polk viewed the war as an opportunity to defend the annexation of Texas, establish the Rio Grande as its border, and to acquire the Mexican territories of California and New Mexico (Stevenson 2009).
The Mexican-American War is by far one of the most controversial wars America faced. There are many opinions on who exactly is to blame for not only the commencement of the war but what exact reasons were behind the war. In the time before the war United States President, James K. Polk, deliberately tried to intimidate the Mexican government in attempts in making a negotiation between them easier. President Polk’s ultimate goal was not only to acquire Texas but California and New Mexico as well. Mexico did not view the Americans as a treat when they began to move into their northern territories that is until Texas seceded from Mexico. When the idea or concept of Manifest Destiny became extremely popular Americans once again lusted after the opportunity of expanding its nation and gaining power. With Polk’s intentions clear Americans entering Mexican territory was now a threat to their nation. President Polk did not necessarily want to go to war with Mexico but was not entirely opposed to it, if it gave him what he believed should belong to the United States. Something Polk did not expect was that Mexico would not surrender its land easily, they would not go down without a fight. When Polk sent troops with General Zachary Taylor to the Rio Grande, a Mexican army was sent to keep the Americans from crossing further into Mexican soil and this was taken by Taylor as a sign of the beginning of war. President Polk had given John Slidell the task to not try and negotiate but demand that the Nueces River but the Rio Grande become the Texas border. To make matters worse Polk also wanted New Mexico and California to secede from Mexico and later be annexed into the United States like Texas had. Mexico felt th...
It was the starting point of hatred between the Mexicans and the Americans, which would develop into the Mexican American War. The Compromise of 1850 resolved the war it was a five bill package that lessened the confrontation between slave and free states. The compromise established California as a free state, New Mexico and Utah as territories with the question of slavery to be set by popular sovereignty, settled a boundary between Texas and Mexico, terminated slave trade in Washington, D.C., and made it easier for southerners to get back their slaves. The Texas problem however, would grow into a revolution led, without any help from the American army. The Mexicans end up being defeated and Texas is declared independent in 1836 but due to slavery Texas was taken over until 1844. Some positive annexation on Texas was that since it was a large state it provided land for raising large cattle farms and had access to the gulf. The negative effects were that it was another slave
Mexican-American War, also known as the Mexican war or the invasion of Mexican, which occurred from April 1846 to February 1848. This war is very meaningful to the United States, which determined whether it could become the most powerful nation or not, also established the size of the United States. The war involved American and Mexican fighting over Texas, after the United States had annexed Texas as the fifteenth slave state. There were several causes for the war happening, some of which major and the others of which minor. However, the most important reasons were the idea of manifest destiny, Texas War of Independence, westward movement of the American, the refuse of negotiating of Mexico and the border dispute.
Between the years of 1820 and 1840 there was a vast amount of conflict between America and Mexico. Mexico had just declared its independence from Spain in 1821, in result opening up trading with America. Although the trading flourished over the next two decades between U.S and Mexico, the relations along the Texas borderland worsened. Mexico and the U.S eventually went to war because America was eager to colonize westward and dispute over where the borderline lies in Texas. After years of fighting America claimed victory. America won because all the disadvantages Mexico faced during the war such as a weak central government, a lack in technology, and were at war with the Indians.
Many Americans were moving south and erasing and redrawing treaty lines over and over again. The Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws, and Seminoles were trying hard to learn the ways of the whites. Most whites felt that the Indian’s attempts weren’t good enough. In 1828, Georgia Legislature declared the Cherokee tribal council illegal. It asserted its own rule over Indian affairs and lands. The Cherokees appealed this move to the Supreme Court, which said Georgia’s move was unconstitutional. President Jackson wanted to open Indian lands to white settlement, and refused to recognize the Court’s decision. He proposed a removal of the remaining eastern tribes. The removal was supposed to be voluntary, but ended up not being. The tribes would move west of the Mississippi, where they would be permanently free of whites. The removal policy led to the forced removal of more than 100,000 Indians. Countless Indians died on forced marches.