Later, Newton took to answer. Kepler also came transversely the paths of planets; their path was elliptical, not circular. Planets move in ellipses with the sun at one focus and Prior to this in 1602, Kepler found from trying to figure out the position of the Earth in its orbit that as it sweeps out an area defined by the Sun and the orbital path of the Earth that the radius vector labels equal areas in equal times. This idea turn around to be very popular in the Scientific Revolution, as it stimulated much inquiring. Kepler created the three laws of planetary motion.
The new thinking provided a base for new discoveries. The change in thought was brought about the scientists of that age. Of the great thinkers and scientists was Galileo, the creator of his own telescope, which allowed him to study the stars. By observing the stars and the planetary system he gained a vast amount of knowledge that proved the Catholic Church... ... middle of paper ... ... and rejections, as well as his perception of his ‘enemies’ and how they think. He refutes the by saying, “For the Bible is not chained in every expression to conditions as strict as those which govern all physical effects; nor is God any less excellently revealed in Nature's actions than in the sacred statements of the Bible.”(ch16,4) With a full understanding of the universe and its nature Galileo had the mind of a Genius or at least a scientific revolution thinker.
In conclusion, Kepler played a huge role in the Scientific Revolution with his many genius discoveries and major accomplishments due to his early developed love for science. His contributions to science and mathematics played a big role in the development of science. Without his genius it could have taken years longer to discover some of the things he did. Therefore, Johannes Kepler is one of the most important astronomers of the Scientific Revolution. Works Cited http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Kepler http://kepler.nasa.gov/Mission/JohannesKepler/ http://www.sciencelives.com/kepler.html http://www.space.com/15787-johannes-kepler.html http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/circles/Lesson-4/Kepler-s-Three-Laws
Galileo’s great contribution to science was the telescope, however his greater contribution was the gift of awareness and knowledge. Before Galileo, it was generally accepted that the earth was the center of the universe. This was not based upon data or facts, but merely because the church said so. Prior to the seventeenth century, Europe was stuck in the med-evil era of church teachings. With Galileo’s telescope, however, he was able to show that the sun rather than the earth was the center of the universe.
The Bible and God were no longer needed to explain the mysterious connection of the planets and stars. Newton did not receive the same resistance from the church perhaps because his finding where towards the end of the Scientific Revolution. The Roman Catholic Church could no longer refute the finding of science and submitted. The advances in science over the 150-year period served to crush superstitions and magical believes that people had fathomed to explain the world. Copernicus began the revolution with his finding on the Earth, planets and stars.
He is even labeled as the founder of modern astronomy for the proposition of his heliocentric theory (“Nicolaus Copernicus”, Scientists: Their Lives and Works). The heliocentric theory was revolutionary for Copernicus’ time. Copernicus lived during the Renaissance. “The era of the Renaissance (roughly 1400-1600) is usually known for the “rebirth” of an appreciation of ancient Greek and Roman art forms, along with other aspects of classical teachings that tended to diminish the virtually exclusive concentration on religious teachings during the preceding centuries of the “Dark Ages.” New thinking in science was also evident in this time…” This time period became known as the scientific revolution (“Copernicus: On The Revolutions Of Heavenly Bodies). In other words, old ideas were revived in the arts and other means and less emphasis was placed o... ... middle of paper ... ... On The Revolutions Of Heavenly Bodies).
Much like today’s fads, these ideas seem silly in hindsight. However, this makes them no less powerful in the time they occur. But even knowing that such fads exist, which topics today are legitimate science and which are dead ends? Astronomy’s beginnings can be considered to go back as far as humankind has looked up at the sky in wonder. A simple question then led to an answer that is still being uncovered today.
Using advances in telescopic technology and previous knowledge of the light from stars, he correctly made this assertion. Using the very same scrutiny, Hubble determined that our Milky Way galaxy was not the only one in the universe. Krauss uses this theory to demonstrate that an expanding universe mean... ... middle of paper ... .... The number of theories surrounding how the universe materialized is nearly endless, but Krauss’ thesis is one of the most convincing and buttressed that has been proposed. Lawrence Krauss is one of the most well respected theoretical physicists and cosmologists in America and has done extensive research on how and why the universe is in existence.
A Brief History of Johannes Kepler Johannes Kepler began his studies in astronomy as an assistant to the astronomer Tycho Brahe, whom, by his own right, was a formidable observer of the heavens, despite his rather illogical conclusions about the Earth and the movement of other celestial bodies. Brahe’s observations were phenomenally accurate, especially considering the technology available at the time, often accurate to less than half of a minute of arc. In hindsight, however; Brahe’s creditability as an astronomer is diminished due to his lack of acceptance of the idea of a heliocentric solar system created by Copernicus. He agreed that the other five known planets revolved around the sun, but that the Earth would be incapable of such movement and would certainly be detectable by the inhabitants of the Earth if that were the case. Kepler's First Law Since his introduction into astronomy, Kepler had held a strong faith in the accuracy of the theories of Copernicus.
Even as far as his astronomical work is concerned, outside of the scientific community, he is perhaps best-known for his geoheliocentric universe, which was later so strongly disproven by his own assistant. However, this is not to say that Tycho Brahe lived in vain. His was a voice that prompted a new approach to astronomy. His emphasis on accurate observation may well have been the foundation for Galileo to find the need to point his telescopes heavenward. Kepler only realized his laws of planetary motion after he was able to use the data that Tycho had collected.