With Galileo’s telescope, however, he was able to show that the sun rather than the earth was the center of the universe. Although this new discovery had a large scientific value, it had a larger impact to society on a religious level. &nb... ... middle of paper ... ...ls. This is exemplified in the book when the servants and priests refuse to be paid twice for their civil duties. These basic ideas are carried on into the nineteenth century and the period of the enlightenment.
His manuscripts caused much controversy between both the european sciences and religion. Copernicus was the first to combine physics, astronomy, and mathematics into a fact-based model of the universe. Copernicus has had a major impact in our modern sciences. Copernicus not only challenged the widely accepted belief of a geocentric model, but developed the heliocentric model which revolutionized the way people thought about the configuration of our solar system and our universe.
Galileo Galilei was one of the most influential scientists of the Renaissance period. He was a mathematician, physicist, astronomer, a philosopher. He integrated the independent sciences of math and physics, and unified them. The popular view of the world, due to the Church overall power, at the time was Aristotle's theory that the the universe was geocentric or that the Earth was at the center of the universe.. Galileo went against that common belief and declared to the world that the Earth is not the center. This idea that humans are only a tiny speck in a boundless universe and that they are not the center of this boundless universe frightened most religious leaders.
He was dedicated passionately to circles. Kepler also became the founder of modern optics. His work in developing the Planetary Laws of Motion supersede all discoveries in celestial mechanics. His achievements proved many things in which today's modern scientist use. Kepler revealed one of the most famous discoveries in astronomy.
Copernicus has been named one of the most influential people this millennia by Time Magazine; in part for his movements in though during the scientific revolution; creating a basis for modern astronomy and challenging the Church (of the 15th century) to lead the way to a reform in thinking. He did so by disproving (mathematically) a theory of the heavens that had existed for almost 14 centuries, established by a man named Charles Ptolemy in 250 AD. Copernicus revolutionized astronomy by creating a solid basis for it to stand on, discovering that "The Earth was not the centre of the cosmos, but rather one celestial body among many, as it became subject to mathematical description." He compiled a manuscript of his theories, including the retrogressive behaviour of the planets, cause by the Earth's daily rotation on its axis and yearly revolution around the sun. Much of Copernicus' influence was rooted in the minds of men for years, perhaps because his theories were not fully understood or appreciated until many years after his death in 1543.
The new thinking provided a base for new discoveries. The change in thought was brought about the scientists of that age. Of the great thinkers and scientists was Galileo, the creator of his own telescope, which allowed him to study the stars. By observing the stars and the planetary system he gained a vast amount of knowledge that proved the Catholic Church... ... middle of paper ... ... and rejections, as well as his perception of his ‘enemies’ and how they think. He refutes the by saying, “For the Bible is not chained in every expression to conditions as strict as those which govern all physical effects; nor is God any less excellently revealed in Nature's actions than in the sacred statements of the Bible.”(ch16,4) With a full understanding of the universe and its nature Galileo had the mind of a Genius or at least a scientific revolution thinker.
He proved many scientific truths by doing many experiments. These innovators and more made this revolution very important to everyone alive. During the Middle Ages, the Europeans believed that the earth was flat. They accepted the Catholic Church's views that the earth was the center of the universe, but others thought differently. According to church doctrine, God created the universe to serve people... ... middle of paper ... ... Talks about different scientists during the Scientific Revolution.
Galileo once said, “The universe cannot be read until we have learnt... ... middle of paper ... ...owledge consisted in observations and experiments. It was Galileo’s work and ideas that paved way for the rise of other great scientists such as Newton, who were able to build onto his theories and progress science to become the science that we know today. Galileo’s work with the telescope, showed the vast possibilities that were able to be explored. In the present day, not only do we have more powerful telescopes, but also the ability to directly explore space (Carhart, 1881).Galileo fought for the acceptance of the heliocentric model of the universe, and even though he didn’t live to see it prosper, thanks to him it is the heliocentric model that is active to this day. It is the basis for the study of astronomy and it is taught in schools.
The Copernican revolution is about the understanding of scientists, and individuals about the world and its place in the universe. It is the change of putting the sun in the center of the universe rather than the earth, with moving stars and planets. This rotation in ideas did shape the history in the way we see the universe, the planets, the stars, and the sun compared to the earth. Yet, this revolution does not lie on the shoulder of one man. The Copernican revolution got its name from Copernicus because he was the first one to bring his ideas and arguments in a world where the Ptolemaic system was dominating.
The long term effects of both the Scientific Revolution and the acceptance and dependence upon science can still be felt today in our daily lives. Philosophers of the middle ages had used the ideas of Ptolemy, Aristotle, and Christianity to form the geocentric theory of the universe, which until the scientific revolution was never challenged. The time had come, a challenge was formed. Nicholas Copernicus hoped that his heliocentric theory would offer a more accurate explanation. He claimed that the sun was motionless at the center of the universe and the planets revolved around the sun, the moon however revolved around the earth.