Samuel Huntington The Hispanic Challenge Summary

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“The Hispanic Challenge,” by Samuel Huntington argues that the heavy and persistent inflow of Hispanic immigrants is creating a division in United States. He states that this is not only a division of two peoples, but of two cultures and two languages. Huntington compares the Hispanic immigrant community in the United States to all the other immigrant groups in the country, and states how this group has not assimilated like the others. According to Huntington, some of the contributing factors to the gradual Hispanization of the United States include the proximity of the countries, income inequalities, increased availability of transportation, pride in Spanish language and ethnic culture, Mexican entitlement, high fertility rates among Hispanic …show more content…

I found Huntington’s piece to be very interesting, informative and slightly alarming. As he expounded upon the notion that the current persistent flow of Hispanic/Latino immigration is leading to loss of American identity, he broke his reasoning down into 6 categories- contiguity, scale, illegality, regional concentration, persistence, and historical presence. To briefly explain, contiguity relates to the fact that the Mexican border’s proximity is much closer, making the journey from Mexico to America easier. Scale signifies the appeal of the US- demographically, economically, politically, and socially- in the eyes of an immigrant. Illegality references the millions of undocumented immigrants entering the US. Most of the Mexican immigrants choose to live in southwestern states, predominantly Texas and Southern California, which is the idea of regional concentration. The persistence category states that previously, waves of immigration would subside after a period of time, but the wave of hispanics has only increased. Finally the historical presence piece, which is the most prominent, in Huntington’s eyes, is that Mexicans and Mexican Americans have been able to claim spaces in America due to the changes in historical boundaries. Historical presence also relates to the use of mother tongue amongst Mexican immigrants. …show more content…

Americans tend to generalize immigrants, focusing on the economic costs and benefits of their presence in the country, ignoring its social and cultural consequences. As a result, they have overlooked the unique problems posed by contemporary Hispanic immigration. Huntington discusses the lack of assimilation in a way that suggests that Mexicans and other Latinos have not really tried to assimilate into mainstream U.S. culture, but instead choose to form their own political,linguistic, and cultural enclaves. Educationally it is reported that Mexican origin children are falling behind due to lack of assimilation. Intermarriage rates have declined over the past 40 years. This reality poses a fundamental question: Will the United States remain a country with a single national language and a core Anglo-Protestant

In this essay, the author

  • Analyzes how samuel huntington's "the hispanic challenge" argues that the heavy and persistent inflow of hispánic immigrants is creating a division in the united states.
  • Analyzes how huntington's article breaks down hispanic immigration into six categories: contiguity, scale, illegal, regional concentration, persistence, and historical presence.
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