SEA in New Zealand

1395 Words6 Pages
Introduction
Assessments of potential environmental consequences are being a major concern of many states to be incorporated in policy, planning, and programmatic levels. The reasons behind the growth of interest in Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) are mainly focused on the limitations of project-level environmental assessment and requirements of assessment in strategic level (Lee and Walsh, 1992). Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) refers to a systematic process of analyzing environmental effects of policies, plans and programmes (Dalal-Clayton and Sadler, 2005). SEA is rising as an attempt of systematically assess environmental impacts of decisions made at strategic level. The requirement of SEA have been identified theoretically earlier, but practice is relatively recent and outlined to the mid 1980s. In recent times SEA is being used as an effective tool in the integration of environmental concerns in decision-making process along with the moving trend toward sustainability goals (Partidario, 1996). Although there are similarities between SEA and EIA and they share main objectives, one of the main differences in practical significance is SEA is applied at an earlier stage of planning process. To have a complete influence in decision making, SEA should be incorporated in various stages of the whole decision making process. The theory of SEA supports that there could be tiering of strategic actions, from policy to plan, to program and then finally to project but in practice stages are often skipped in most of the cases (Therivel, 2012). This paper will discuss about the context and opportunity of SEA in New Zealand. The extent to which SEA has become a central part of the decision m...

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