Rights of Juvenile Delinquency

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Rights of Juvenile Delinquency couldn’t be as fair as it is today without the efforts made by reformers throughout history. During the late 18th and early century youths committing crimes has little to no rights given. Children as young as 7 years old can be put and trialed as an adult even have a chance with the death penalty. These punishments where so outrageous that even if you spoke against your parents’ wishes you will be put in jail. Something needed to be done about these cruel treatments for a child at such a young age who may or may not know right from wrong. The victims had the questions, the government had both the power and most importantly the resolution. It was not only the right but also the responsibility for the people who did not agree with dangerous problem to change everything around. American cities were beginning to reach high rates of child poverty and neglect and by that rising city leaders had to find a way for the problem to disappear. This took Reformers like Thomas Eddy, Alexander Maconochie, John Augustus, and many Supreme Court cases for everything to fall into its rightful place.

Reformers did not agree with harsh treatment that the children were witnessing, they urged to court system to establish a separate system for the Juveniles. Many people like Alexander M believed that children should be helped rather than be punished as an adult. On February 11 1787 in Edinburgh, Scotland .He became part of the Royal Navy in 1803 and was a prisoner of war from 1811 to 1814.In 1836 as private secretary to the Lieutenant Governor Sir John Franklin he wrote an article against the states’ prison principles. Maconochie was a spiritual man, of unselfish and sympathetic mentality and convinced of the dignity of a ...

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...nd convicted in adult Court where was sentenced to death. Thompson’s lawyers appealed to this court decision. However, the state appeal did not change this appeal by arguing that imposing the death sentence was in fact in violation of the 8th Amendment protection against “cruel and unusual punishment,” because of this ruling this case was sent to the U.S. Supreme Court. A vote of 5-3 helped overturn Thompson’s death sentence .The writer of the majority named Justice John Paul Stevens declared that “Civilized standards of decency “prohibited the death penalty for a person who was under the age of 16 years old at the time of his or her crime. Justice Antonin Scalia dissented. He wrote, "There is no rational basis for discerning in that a societal judgment that no one so much as a day under 16 can ever be mature and morally responsible enough to deserve that penalty…."

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