Rhetoric In China

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Rhetoric has been used in China, to help establish, and to keep Chinese women in their proper societal roles. The continual struggle for power between consort and officialdom motivated the enemies of imperial ladies to develop rhetoric that justified excluding women from government. [1}. Female influence, which was predicated upon kinship roles. The principal roles were those of wife and mother. Therefore Attempts were made to diminish these roles by putting a woman’s inherent femininity over social roles. A woman was a female first and a mother second. This empowered rhetoricians to contend that women were “intrinsically evil and untrustworthy. [2] Furthermore, Han officials were especially adept at rhetoric and used hyperbole to …show more content…

Some types of education could be used to confine women to restrictive social roles. Education was link more with social roles more than individual liberation [5] The Han dynasties tied to delineate the relationship between women and knowledge [6] Educators tried to confine women into preconceived roles. Literature was filled with stores of women fulfilling these societal roles. In passing these stories down to their children women were perpetuating these roles... However, not all women embodied to these roles. Some women sought literacy and some high ranking women were highly educated. Empress Dau was an enthusiastic scholar. She lived in a time when Confucian ideals has not yet fully taken hold, and thus, she was able to use her authority to push Daoist ideals upon Emperors Wen and Jing [7] Ban Zhao, another powerful woman of the Han era, was also an advocate of for the education of females. People reacted to her ideas of universal literacy with fear. She was a smart woman and portrayed education as a way of strengthening patrilineal values. Strengthening her claims, she used the statement in the Records of Rituals that children should be taught to read by age eight to justify her teachings. Since the text simply said children, and did not specify sex, she was able to claim that this applied to both boys and girls [8]. Lady Zhao later helped to edit the Records of the Han, further solidifying her place as one of the highest educated women in Ancient Imperial

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