Repressive Modernity: Making a Living

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Repressive Modernity: Making a Living Two characters that explore the difficulties and depths of separating the barrier between the networks of globalization are Richard Rodriguez and Alma Guillermoprieto. Specifically, these authors attempt to deinstitutionalize right-wing political factors and institutionalize a ‘self-identity’ for minorities. Respectively, Rodriguez and Guillermoprieto demonstrate their view of a more self-sufficient modernity through the underlying problems created from affirmative actions programs, and corrupt institutions targeting the underprivileged; more specifically the case of peasants in Chiapas, Mexico 1994. Furthermore, their life stories indicate the importance of the individual in creating a world that is more together than apart, an integrated network. The education of Rodriguez is what sets him apart from the underprivileged Hispanic, but in the eyes of institutional powers, Richard Rodriguez is apart of a group categorized as minority, by affirmative action. More over, the term minority is a numerical designation, it creates a uniform identity, ignoring the individual. He states, “The word, as popularly used, did describe me. Minority became a synonym for socially disadvantaged Americans. The word referred to entire races and nationalities of Americans, those under represented in institutional life” (Rodriguez, p46). Rodriguez demonstrates the qualities of a more self interested individual, as an individual apart of an under-represented group seeking more recognition. Furthermore, Rodriguez partly represents the ideas of Adam Smith’s theory the invisible theory, that self interest is good for society and competition can increase a nation’s welfare. In Rodriguez’ view, affirmative action is ... ... middle of paper ... ...s becomes proof that the abuse of democratic rights falls hardest on poor communities. In constrast, Rodriguez’ case made him and other underprivileged people the beneficiary of globalization (Tignor, p.461). Despite a century of progress for the under privileged, the disparities of 20th century modernity has brought upon deeper lines amongst cultural forms of world orders. Tignor states, “A larger and larger gulf has separated those who participate in the networks of globalization and enjoy its fruits from those who languish on the margins” (Tignor, p461). This has brought the attention to the ever growing concern of conservative backlash and its hegemonic prowess over the less fortunate. The solution comes within the group. Making a living is a fundamental fact of life, and cannot be attained if individuality is not expressed or limited by repressive forces.
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