I say yes, affirmative action was and is needed to help prevent unfairness caused by discrimination in America. I believe the doors of opportunity have just peaked opened for women and minorities and the United States should continue to use affirmative action as an appropriate instrument for achieving racial and gen... ... middle of paper ... ...men and minorities by providing them opportunities for advancement. In conclusion, affirmative action has been criticized as a shallow solution that does not reach deeper economic problems in the United States. However, when understanding its purpose, affirmative action was never designed to solve the economic inequalities in America. Instead, it was intended only to rectify discrimination in hiring and academic admissions.
One may ask, what is affirmative action? Webster defines affirmative actions as ”the practice of improving the educational and job opportunities of members of groups that have not been treated fairly in the past because of their race, sex, etc.” What would be the purpose of creating equal opportunity when it was promised when founding America? The reality is that, America for a long time and some will even debate present times as well, has only been the America dream for one group of people, white male. There is no secret of the unfair treatment of African-American males and Women. The results of racism have changed tremendously but what has not changed is discrimination.
Affirmative action is not the solution to ensure equal opportunity for minorities to access higher education. Although affirmative action has increased diversity in selective schools, it defeats its purpose because the resulting diversity is not equal representation of the nation’s communities , the process has led to reverse discrimination, and the education standard has been lowered in the selective schools. At the start of a new era, the Constitution was created in order to ensure security and prosperity for the citizens of the United States. Within this sacred document is the 14th Amendment which states “All persons born or naturalized in the United States….are citizens of the United States….nor shall any state deprive any [citizen] of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws” (14th Amendment). This amendment was created in order to protect the Civil Rights Act of 1866 that gave citizens the same rights “without distinction of race or color, or previous condition of slavery or involuntary servitude” (1866 Civil Rights Act), but it was written such... ... middle of paper ... ...ades and effort because they are learning in an unmotivated and less competitive environment which later affects their education as well.
However, affirmative action has become a system of racial quotas that lowers standards for minority applicants in order to give them a chance to succeed in universities, jobs, and leadership positions. At first, it may not seem like such a bad idea to have racial quotas because it increases diversity. But with racial quotas qualified applicants to universities, jobs, etc aren’t allowed to receive the position they are qualified for because of the quotas based on race. Affirmative action contradicts itself, by saying that racial discrimination is wrong and we should all have equal opportunities in a color-blind society but then gives opportunities solely based on race. Affirmative action is unethical and this idea is supported by moral philosophy subjects such as Kantianism, Utilitarianism, Social Contract, and Virtue Theory.
Affirmative Action: Overview. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2013. Web.
Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Dec. 2013.