Religion In Benito Mussolini

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The deepest roots that comprise my ancestral background began in Europe, specifically in Ireland and Italy. When thinking of this background in relation to the course themes and ideas, I began to consider the notions of religion and independence as major topics of discussion. The Christian religion is a shared characteristic between Ireland and Italy, and one trait that is a serious subject regarding the creation, development, and current affairs of both nations. Religious persecution and dominance as a link to independence movements, rebellions, and revolutions alike is a common theme that has been discussed in this course and is the most radiating piece of subject matter that both of these countries possess. When most people think about…show more content…
An example that defies the previous statement is the authoritarian leadership of Benito Mussolini in Italy during World War I. Mussolini formed Italy into the first fascist country, which turned the nation into a nationalistic authoritarian state. One would assume that under these pretenses, there would be an attempt to unify the nation as a whole both culturally and spiritually. However, Mussolini was intelligent and understood the power of the Roman Catholic Church in Italy. He decided to work together with the Church in a simple deal that basically stated Mussolini would worry about the political aspects and the Church would worry about the spiritual aspects. Nonetheless, Mussolini knew that it would be difficult to get the Church to accept fascist policies, so he worked to make his creation benefit the faith. For example, Mussolini had his children baptized in Catholicism, closed down nightclubs, condemned contraception, and outlawed divorce throughout Italy so that he could relate the wills of Catholicism with the outcomes of fascism. There was one aspect of society that the two entities disagreed on, however. Both the Church and Mussolini wanted to control education. The Church wanted education under their power of control because they wanted Catholic teachings to be instituted into the school system of Italy. However, Mussolini needed authority…show more content…
However, it is not only a topic of the past, because it still occurs in today’s world and society. In Iraq, Christians are persecuted by radical Islamist groups and seeks refuge from their enemies. As in the past, people today do not renounce their religion for safety, but instead risk their lives for their faith. Pope Francis recently released a video message to the public about the ongoing religious persecutions in Iraq. He stated, “These Christians are forcibly expelled from their houses, and have had to abandon everything to save their own lives and not renounce the faith.” He went on in his message to describe the resistance as a form of martyrdom and he said that the fight against persecution is an ongoing battle. Pope Francis sent Cardinal Philippe Barbarin to Iraq a few weeks ago to personally deliver his message to the nearly two million people that are in safer regions of the Middle Eastern country, attempting to practice their faith after fleeing their homes where they were persecuted. So, as we can see in this example, history has a way of repeating itself. There will always be people who will force their ideals upon others, but the way the persecuted respond to their persecutors is what will define history. In the case of the Irish Reformation, Pope Clement did not show any real attempts to aid the Catholic faithful in Ireland. However, today Pope Francis responds to a similar

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