Mexican Lives is a rare piece of literature that accounts for the human struggle of an underdeveloped nation, which is kept impoverished in order to create wealth for that of another nation, the United States. The reader is shown that the act of globalization and inclusion in the world’s economies, more directly the United States, is not always beneficial to all parties involved. The data and interviews, which Hellman has put forth for her readers, contain some aspect of negativity that has impacted their lives by their nation’s choice to intertwine their economy with that of the United States. Therefore it can only be concluded that the entering into world markets, that of Mexico into the United States, does not always bring on positive outcomes. Thus, one sees that Mexico has become this wasteland of economic excrement; as a result it has become inherently reliant on the United States.
The United States has had a varied relationship with the nation of Mexico. The relationship has drastically changed over the past several decades as issues such as immigration, drug violence, health care, free trade, and border concerns have been brought into the public sphere on both sides of the border. Both nations have had and continue to have an impact on each other. However, for the purposes of this research paper, I hope to demonstrate some of the current perceptions that Mexicans hold in regards to Americans and the United States as a nation.
Since Mexico and America have been noticed on the world scale as major countries, our militaries have been close knit in all major scuffles in history. From the Mexican Revolution and Spanish-American war in the 1800’s, to the wars in the middle east. We have helped them as much as we have confronted them. Confrontations between us date back to the debate over Texas, New Mexico and California, up to manifest destiny. Who controlled what land rights made this a hot-bed of trouble and questions.
US immigration is a historical reoccurring phenomenon that is situated upon the exploitation of workers to bring economic prosperity to the country. Immigration is the backbone aspect to the success of the US as large influxes of immigrants are imported to work in physical demanding job sectors. There are comparable feelings of alienation of Mexicans and many views that express the feelings that illegal immigrants should return to their homelands. By examining the laws, policies, and structural forces that bring migrants to the United States, we can see the extent to which immigration is closely related to our position in the global economy and how a group of leftist armed activists dare to disrupt the globalization tactics of capitalism, neo-liberalism, and a hegemonic government. On a closer examination, you find that many of the economic challenges Mexico faces are directly linked to policies that have been supported by the United States, U.S multinational corporations, or institutions supported by the United States. This group of campesinos in the southern state of Chiapas in Mexico, reject, refuse, and remodeled a new autonomous world that seeks to “work within worlds”, free from the political, economic, and social constructions of the Mexican government. It opposes the liberal economic policies Mexican presidents have pursued since 1982. While its revolutionary project is rooted in the injustices suffered by the indigenous population of eastern Chiapas, the Ejercito Zapatista de Liberacion Nacional questions globalization and calls for the reorientation of Mexican economic policy along traditional socialist lines and the transfer of political power from elites to the mass of poor Mexicans.
During the six years of the Salinas presidency in Mexico (1988 - 1994), GDP growth averaged 3.3% per year, a number that exceeded the growth rate of the population (2%) but fell well short of growth in other poor, developing countries. Although growth was lagging behind the pace of other emerging markets, Mexican politicians were willing to sacrifice rapid economic expansion for stability. The new, apparently more stable, Mexican economy entered 1994 with aspirations of joining the ranks of the more developed and industrialized nations of the world. The NAFTA trade arrangement and the country’s acceptance into the OECD in early 1994 were looked upon as signs that Mexico had finally arrived. However, the events of 1994 would prove that Mexico and its economy still had many problems. In his last State of the Union address on November 1, 1993, President Salinas emphasized the weight that the international factor played in many of the decisions which he made. According to Salinas, “ Mexico has changed intensely. The goals of these changes were the establishment of a new relationship between the state and society, and to place Mexico in an advantageous position in the new international reality.” The opening of the Mexican economy, or the apertura, had a profound effect on the daily lives of Mexicans. Prior to the relaxation of trade restrictions, only nationally produced consumer goods were available. In addition, import protection led to oligopoly prices for goods, which were in many cases second rate in nature. After the dismantling of ISI, a wide variety of products from around the world could be bought in stores at prices indicative of competition at the exi...
The first, and most important to Mexico, is the issue of immigration. In a recent
...at the economic strategy that has been in place for the last 18 years is not delivering for the majority of the people in Mexico. The structural adjustment policies and trade liberalization policies have sharpened inequality and income disparity in Mexico. These policies have benefited only a small circle of economic agents of corporations, mostly those already connected to the international economy, to the detriment of the majority of micro and small and medium businesses, workers and the average Mexican citizen. So when people say that the fundamentals are sound, that the economy is performing well, the relevant question up front is for whom? It reminds me of saying by our Brazilian friends, when people describe the macroeconomic outlook in Brazil as working very well, they say the Brazilian economy is doing fine, it's just most Brazilians that are suffering.
The Zapatista rebellion in Chiapas, Mexico got worldwide attention on January 1, 1994, when they marched to Mexico City against the signing of the North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The free trade agreement was intended to facilitate trading between Canada, United States, and Mexico. The Zapatista claimed that this agreement would affect the indigenous people of Chiapas by further widening the gap between the poor and the rich. In this paper I will examine the NAFTA agreement and the Zapatista’s ideology and claims against the NAFTA agreement to see whether or not any real effects have risen within the indigenous people of Chiapas Mexico and in Mexico as a whole.
The U.S. has become a dumping ground for everybody else’s problems… It’s true, and these are the best and the finest. When Mexico sends its people, they’re not sending their best. They’re not sending you. They’re not sending you. They’re sending people that have lots of problems,
In the United States’ current state of war with Iraq, its relationships to other world powers have become increasingly important. The U.S.’s relationship with Mexico, in particular, has emerged as one of the most crucial relationships that the U.S. must work to maintain in this state of war. In recent years, the U.S. and Mexico have established and developed a famously strong relationship, and the friendship between U.S. President Bush and Mexico President Vicente Fox has continued to solidify the connection between the two countries. Bush was quoted in the Economist as saying, back in 2001, “America has no closer relationship” . The closeness of this relationship has placed both countries in precarious, high-pressure positions relative to one another with regard to the war in Iraq. In particular, negotiations between the two leaders on issues of trade and immigration laws have shaped the current relationship between Mexico and the U.S. and have consequently contributed to the strain that both leaders have felt, and continue to feel, as they struggle to maintain this close relationship in the face of the war. More specifically, recent developments, or lack thereof, with regard to these issues have significantly influenced Fox’s decision of whether or not to support the U.S. in the war against Iraq. Furthermore, media portrayal both of negotiations between the two countries and of the effects that the negotiations are having on U.S./Mexico relations is influencing public perceptions of the relationship in both countries, and, as a result, may even be affecting the relationship itself in the process.
The United States has no more important foreign relation ship than that of which it enjoys with Mexico, and vice versa. These two countries share interwoven societies and economies. Although there have been disagreements and turbulence between the two countries, which partnership is without these? The Strength of each country’s democracy is fundamental to the other’s. This relationship that the two countries share directly affects that lives of millions of Mexican and United States citizens everyday. Recently these two countries have become even more unified than ever before. Tackling issues such as Border Control, Countering Narcotics, Dealing with multiple Law enforcement agencies, Human Rights laws, trade and development, etc. There are many issues that they are mutually interested in and must deal with. Yet, there are some vast differences in which these two countries are run. There are also many similarities, which we must take into account. Both Democratic Governments have similar structures, containing a legislative, judicial, and executive branch. Yet, these structures are very different internally, containing specific duties that the other country’s branch may not have.
“The U.S.-Mexican border es una herida abierta where the Third World grates against the first and bleeds. . .”-- Gloria Anzaldua
De Cordoba, José & Lunhow, David. “The Perilous State of Mexico.” The Wall Street Journal. Dow