This essay will consider the definition of aggression and reflect upon the causes of aggression. It will also focus on the different types of aggression as types of aggressive behaviour fall into different categories: assertion and aggression, before breaking down further into instrumental aggression and hostile aggression. The essay will also focus on the definition of assertion and the key differences between aggression and assertion as well as strategies that coaches and players can use to ensure that aggression remains under control. These similarities and differences will now be discussed with reference to the appropriate literature. Aggression can simply be defined as, “any form of behaviour directed toward the goal of harming or injuring another living being who is motivated to avoid such treatment” (Baron & Richardson, 1994, p.7).
In current years, aggression scholars have question the established statement that anger causes aggression (Berkowitz 1993, Geen 2001).We suppose anger plays a number of causal roles in aggression (Berkowitz 2001).First, Anger sometimes provides a reason for aggressive acceptance. Anger may sometimes interfere with higher level cognitive processes. Second, anger allows a person to keep an aggressive intention over time. Anger increases attention to the frustrating events and therefore improves recall of those events. Thus, anger allows one to return the state that was present in the originally provoking situation.
The definition of deviance defines the threat and allows for containment and control of the threat. The definition of deviance preserves, protects, and defines group interests and in doing so maintains a sense of normalcy. Deviance can consequently be seen as a product of Social Interaction; the result of setting boundaries and limitations, rules and laws, acceptable and unacceptable. "In sum, by deviance I mean one thing and one thing only: behavior or characteristics that some people in a society find offensive or reprehensible and that generates--or would generate if discovered--in these people disapproval, punishment, condemnation of, or hostility toward, the actor or possessor....What we have to know is, deviant to whom?" (Goode, 1994, page 29) Psychological theories of crime and deviance really only describe the difference between supposedly ‘normal’ and ‘abnormal’ human characteristics.
Here, Sigmund Freud’s idea of human instincts being of two kinds: those that conserve and unify and, the instincts to destroy and kill is very significant. These instincts work according to the motive, when individual works for their ‘motive’ that is of shaping the identity leads to use of violent means and ends mostly. Our presentation will include Terrell A. Northup idea of identity as a system of beliefs or a way of construing the world that makes life predictable rather than random. This way, he conceptualizes that social constructs of an identity become so entrenched that the conflict surfaces as violence. The identity first takes the form of threat, which later gets distorted and extremely rigid and ultimately colludes in maintaining the conflict.
This assignment will evaluate two theories of aggression; Lorenze’s ethological approach and the Social Learning Theory. It will then determine the role of media on pro and anti-social behavior and will finally discuss individual, social and cultural diversity in pro and anti-social behavior. Aggression has been defined by social psychologists as ‘any behavior whose proximate intention is to harm another person.’ (Fiske, 2004, P.495) This definition emphasizes that intention has an important role to determine the type of aggression. Psychologists have determined that there are two types of aggression; the first, hostile aggression, has a sole aim of hurting another, this is usually impulsive, automatic and derives from anger. The second is instrumental aggression is controlled, usually premeditated and usually leads to a goal.
Investigating the Link Between Media and Aggression We are doing a study on the link between the media and aggression. I am studying whether or not; aggression in the media has an effect on children today. Also I am going to go into great detail of aggression and then media, and then I am going to go in to detail the link between the two. There are many different types of aggression and different ways of expressing aggression. Here is the dictionary definition of aggression- the act for an instance of commencing an attack, invasion or quarrel; an assault.
Another con of marriage is a lack of communication. When there is no communication between both sides, immoral actions take place. Such as cheating on each other, since people don’t care much for the meaning sex anymore. People assume having a one-night stand is standard. Couples who have communication issues will lead their marriage into financial ruin.
Society has shaped and created specific roles that are appropriate for both women and men. Institutions discriminate against women because they believe they are not fit for the specific role. The gender roles of both men and women are culturally created, and therefore are not a just measure of ability to succeed in society. The discrimination against women in direct combat roles is a result of the culturally constructed gender norms. It is natural to think that women are not capable of handling the activity in combat because of natural differences.
Provocation is main important factor that plays a role in aggression. Aggression can be defined as behavior that is meant to hurt others. It is generally divided into hostile aggression and instrumental aggression. Instrumental aggression is a means to an end. It is often referred to as "predatory" aggression and is associated with goal-oriented, planned, or controlled behavior.
This paper tries to examine some of the effects of stereotypes that feminism goes through, what other philosophers say and the way forward towards ending stereotyping. To begin with, according to many philosophers, it would be wise to argue that stereotyping on feminism especially by men is not based on their biological make up but rather on their culture. Culture has imparted in men some unique beliefs in specific thoughts, feeling and behavior towards women as whole and feminists in particular. This notion has however been criticized by angry women philosophers like Jean Grimshaw who argue that just being borne a man is not a sufficient enough reason to criticize women feminists. Other feminists who have criticized this stereotyping by men in the form of philosophical connotations argue that philosophy in itself has got a lot of flaws.