What is Gender Based Violence?

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What is Gender Based Violence? The United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women defines gender-based violence (GBV) as, “Any act…that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual, or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life.” It is also broadly defined as any harm to a person due to the power disparities caused by gender inequality. Gender based violence includes childhood sexual abuse, “prenatal sex selection in favor of boys, female infanticide, dowry deaths, honors killings ,female genital mutilation, trafficking and forced prostitution, forced early marriage, sexual assault and intimate partner violence” In order to tackle the issue of gender based violence, one must first understand the root of the issue. According to Peterson and Runyan, gender refers to the socially learned behavior and expectations that distinguish between masculinity and femininity. However, sex identity is known as the genetic and anatomical characteristics. Meanwhile, socially learned gender is an acquired identity gained through performing predetermined gender roles. Understandably, Society places different values on masculine and feminine behaviors. Gender has now become the basis for relations of inequality and is a powerful lens that we all use to experience and organize reality. Gender has played a role in a lot of the issues that plague us globally as well as locally. It is estimated that one out of three women and girls across the world experience GBV. After research done within 10 countries, it was found that 15 to 71 percent of women have experienced physical violence, sexua... ... middle of paper ... ...P: (People against Suffering, Oppression and Poverty: http://www.passop.co.za/about-us Peacock, D. (2004). The Men as Partners Program in South Africa: Reaching Men to End Gender-Based Violence and Promote Sexual and Reproductive Health. International Journal of Men's Health, 173-188. Peter, J. (1995). Women's Rights, Human Rights: International Feminist Perspectives. Routledge. Peterson, V., & Runyan, A. S. (1999). Global Gender Issues: Dilemmas in World Politics. Boulder: Westview Press. Renzetti, C. (2005). Gender-based Violence. Lancet. Strudwick, P. (2014, January 4). risis in South Africa: The shocking practice of 'corrective rape' - aimed at 'curing' lesbians. Retrieved from The Independent. United Nations. (1993, December 20). Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women. Retrieved from United Nations: http://www.unhchr.ch/huridocda/huridoca.nsf/
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