Instead of being racist, America uses its criminal justice system to label people of color "criminals.” While some races use drugs at similar rates, there is still a disparity in jails: they are mostly filled with people of color. The New Jim Crow makes it possible that the African Americans labeled as criminals lose basic rights, and consequentially, the whites maintain superiority over the blacks. Outside of prison, free prisone... ... middle of paper ... ...under the weight of logical fallacies and lack of research. In conclusion, Michelle Alexander depicts the grim reality for many young African American men in the era of mass incarceration and exposes the truth of racial injustice in the system of mass incarceration. She reveals how race plays an important role in the American Justice System and mass incarceration.
Basically, there was a jump in crime in America around the same time as the civil rights movement, so obviously activists were blamed. Nixon’s answer was a pattern of mass incarceration, under the guise of “law and order”. His war on crime was largely targeted at black panthers, women’s rights groups and other progressive crowds. “The Nixon campaign in 1968, and the Nixon White House after that, had two enemies: the antiwar left and black people,” said John Ehrlichman, Nixon’s advisor. Their plan was to associate black people with heroin and other drugs, and then publically declare war on drug addicts, naming them the largest threat to the nation.
This has unfortunately become a viscous cycle because the war on drugs are so strict its become a slavery or cast system that has taken so much of the black race and incarcerated them for drug crimes for as long as murder crimes. This system is dehumanizing and should be looked over and lifted. Every race uses and sells drugs, it is unjust to use drug laws just to control the black race under imprisonment for small crimes.
The abuse and financial incentives undertaken by police departments corrupt the system. Racial biases increase the probability that African Americans and other minorities such as Latinos will be stopped and their property seized. Although legally “white” individuals are more likely to sell and partake in illegal drugs, African Americans and other minorities manage to fill the prisons and be targets of police. Police departments violate 4th amendment protections to meet this end and their ... ... middle of paper ... ... be read by all potential prosecutors, legislators, or judges. The negative and disparate impact of the “War on Drugs” has its roots in law and in jurisprudence.
The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness is a book by Michelle Alexander, a civil rights litigator and legal scholar. The book discusses race-related issues specific to African-American males and mass incarceration in the United States. Michelle Alexander (2010) argues that despite the old Jim Crow is death, does not necessarily means the end of racial caste (p.21). In her book “The New Jim Crow”, Alexander describes a set of practices and social discourses that serve to maintain African American people controlled by institutions. In this book her analyses is centered in examining the mass incarceration phenomenon in recent years.
They found a new to work the system and limit African Americans particularly men in this case. The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, is a book written by Michelle Alexander who talks about the legal system which is basically against black men. Once you’re arrested you basically lose all your rights for the most part but in our case we lose the rights that we fought many years for. Once you receive a felony you lose your ability to vote which is what they want and also limit job opportunities to a place like a fast food restaurant which is one of a few establishments that will hire felons. Even though the “New Jim Crows” is unofficial it is still something that as been proven by the author of the
For instance, in nearby Dothan, AL, anonymous active police officers leaked documents that provide "irrefutable evidence of criminal activity at the highest levels of the Dothan Police Department" (Innocence). The documents provide evidence that for decades, Dothan police have been planting drugs and guns on innocent black Americans. Additionally, it was found that many high ranking officers were part of a political group that the Southern Poverty Law Center described as having "an understanding of race that favors segregation and suggests white supremacy" (Innocence). Departments like this are analogous to the Birmingham police King wrote about in his letter, stating, "I doubt you would be so quick to commend the
Therefore, they called for a national anti-drug policy, the policy began pushing for the involvement of the police force and military in drug prohibition efforts. The government did believe that blacks or minorities were a cause of the drug problem. They concentrated on inner city poor neighborhoods, drug related violence, they wanted to publicize the drug war which lead Congress to devote millions of dollars in additional funding to it. The war on drugs targeted and criminalized disproportionably urban minorities. There for, “War on Drugs” results in the incarceration of one million Americans ... ... middle of paper ... ...1.
The article states “Observers have referred to the advent of mass imprisonment as “The New Jim Crow” because the devastating racial impact of imprisonment effectively isolates black poor men from economic, social, and civic life (Alexander 2011). However, we cannot forget that the old elements of Jim Crow, particularly racial residential segregation, are also implicated in the mass imprisonment phenomenon. Yet, as Peterson and Krivo write, “societal processes that lead to differences in structural conditions have been treated as outside of criminological concerns” (2010, 7)”. Michelle Alexander an African American, author of The New Jim Crow law book whose specialty, are racial profiling, racism in the United States and race in the United Sates
In her book “The New Jim Crow,” Michelle Alexander presents the evidence that mass incarceration, as brought forth by the drug war, is a mere continuation of the discriminatory nature of the Jim Crow Laws in the post civil war era and of slavery before that. Alexander’s argument hinges on the idea that this new way of discriminating against minorities is equally systematic to the Jim Crow Laws and Slavery. She then relates this argument with the decrease in limitations of the police force, the disproportionately high number of minorities prosecuted with these powers, and the skewed justice system. Alexander first addresses “the absence of significant restraints on the exercise of police discretion”(pg. 61) as a result of the introduction