Dr. Mubenga also underlines the theory that "the legacy of slavery and poverty has a negative impact on the African American’s mind. These strains are so strong that they are passed on through centuries to the younger generation" (Mubenga 9). Mubenga’s work unveiled the idea that the most prominent social disadvantage of African Americans can be seen in education and academic achievement. It demonstrated how the concentration of African Americans in historically poverty-stricken areas contributes to a failing educational system. In addition, Dr. Mubenga’s essay made known to me the idea that because African American students are disadvantaged in schools, they shift their priorities away from education.
Introduction Racial discrimination is a real problem in American schools where African American students are segregated and their rights violated in many ways. Racial discrimination is especially advanced in public schools where majority of the students are colored. In these institutions, the government has failed to offer credible support thus subjecting them to serious problems making the learning process close to impossible (Blank et al, p.108). The departments of justice and education have admitted that serious problems are experienced by school going children in most of the American schools. Positive policies on discipline are being put into measure as a way of reducing the cases of racial discrimination as it affects learning of students negatively and eventually leads to failure of the students.
Rosenfeld’s Perspective on American Schooling According to Jerry Rosenfeld, American schooling is failing minority students in widespread proportions. In his ethnographic book “Shut Those Thick Lips!” (1971), African American students arrive at a Harlem school with deficient baseline skills, resulting in less than optimal academic outcomes. The predominantly white teaching staff accepts these deficiencies as a consequence of “cultural poverty,” whereby the minority culture itself is lacking and wanting for successful integration into the larger society. By excepting the culture as impoverished, teachers shift responsibility for such common minority failure directly onto the students. Rosenfeld counters this “geography of blame” by sharing his personal experiences within the Harlem community.
Introduction The theme of the research is to discover why there is such a vast educational gap between minority and Caucasian students. Many American are unaware that such an educational gap actually exists among today’s students. This article informs us of alarming statics, such as of African American students representing a majority of the special education population, despite only making up roughly 40% of the student population. It also breaks down key events that contributed to the poor education that minority children are currently receiving. For example, in the past, it was illegal to educate African Americans and when it became legal to blacks were treated as second class students.
Racial segregation in schools is strongly linked to segregation by class, almost ninety percent of the student body, primarily black and Latino, is at an economic disadvantage (Segregation Today)—this is physically and mentally harming our students. Tozer introduces the concept of Pluralism which means valuing and maintaining cultural and linguistic differences within a society. Where has the respect gone? So what if children misbehave, they are kids they will act up, it is the responsibility of the teacher to discipline her class. As I have mentioned earlier, children, especially those of the black community, need to be respected before they can respect.
Jonathan Kozol’s book The Shame of the Nation (2005) provides evidence and insight to apartheid within the educational system that children are currently experiencing. The structure in children’s curriculum, the way they are spoken to as well as the funding public schools are funded are examples to the inequalities that children face. Conceptually, structural violence is what keeps educational injustices to recur. The children and teachers Kozol interviews come from various urban cities in the nation – New York, Ohio and Massachusetts. Critical Race Theory came to mind throughout the reading because children facing injustices in the public school system are predominantly African-American and Latino.
While there are integrated communities the harsh reality is that, “the black middle class overall remains as segregated from Whites as the black poor.” Decades of housing segregation have trapped blacks in jobless areas with understaffed schools which is a common generator of the economic slope of African Americans. In the top income bracket, far
Teachers tend to disentangle race and culture instead of suture those two. They use “cultural” as a catchall phrase to described cultural students’s misbehavior. In the second piece where it decribes the culture with African American and Whites, Culture and Education. Whites, as political privilege, determine what counts as culture. But, as in the the example that a children from working-class African American was considered as “cultural-deprived.” .
This is how the case of unequal childhood based on race comes about; children from the Black families will continue residing in poverty as opposed to those from the white families. Besides race, the scholar also reveals how childhoods are unequal based on social class. Drawing from the American society, there are several social classes. For each class, there are unique pathways of lives followed and these usually influence both the educational and work outcomes. To ... ... middle of paper ... ...oming to an understanding of the daily struggles of every person, who attempts to raise a child in the American society.
At first it is hard to understand why schools are segregated without understanding its causes. There is an obvious social and economic disadvantage, fueled by residential isolation, economic circumstance, and discrimination. I use my first question, why are schools and districts racially and socioeconomically segregated, as an introduction to my analysis. In the article, 60 Years After Brown: Trends and Consequences of School Segregation, authors Readron & Owens (2014) discuss the many factors that contribute to school segregation, and how and why school segregation might affect students. The authors use different indices on how school segregation is measured, being the measurement of isolation or exposure and measures of unevenness.