What is important to understand in terms at the difference between the juvenile and adult system is that there is a level of dependency that is created tween the two and the juvenile system focuses on how to help rather than in prison individuals at such a young age. However, it usually depends on the type of crimes that have been committed and what those crimes me for the families and how they impact of the greater society. The adult system distinguishes between dependence and delinquency mainly because there was a psychological transition that occurs with juveniles that is not always a predictor of a cyclical life of crime. However, if an adult is committed to the justice system there can be a dependency of delinquency and a cycle of crime that is more likely to be sustained at that age and level of cognitive ability then in comparison to a juvenile. The reasoning behind this is important is that is focused on maintaining a level of attention to the needs and capacity abilities of individuals living and working in different types of societies (Zinn et al.,
Those offenders are just fulfilling that prophecy that is embedded into their mind early in their childhood by their surroundings. Repeat offenders often find it very hard to get out of the system, because they make a lifestyle out of these acts. The juvenile justice system lacks in providing each juvenile with the proper treatment, there should be restorative steps in place to make the juvenile justice system more titrated to meet the needs of each individual child. Some of the steps to keep troubled youth out of the system are making the juvenile justice system more restorative and diverse. As well as having an evidence based system the faculty, parents, and juveniles need to have the proper training available to them.
In order to be a reliable expert witness, the forensic psychologist is required to have a comprehensive knowledge of the philosophy, policy, and judicial standards of the criminal justice system. Principally, the forensic psychologist possesses an comprehensive knowledge of the adversarial justice system. Rules also exist about hearsay evidence and most significantly, the legal statute of exclusionary rule. A deficient in regards to a firm grasp of these measures could possibly have a consequence of the forensic psychologist relinquishing credibility during trial proceedings. Forensic psychologists are commonly educated and trained in many branches of psychology such as organizational, social, and clinical psychology.
During the trial sequence as an expert witness, they may also rehabilitate offenders that are already convicted of a crime. The field of expertise of a criminal psychologist is in forensics, applying psychological principles to the criminal justice system. A great deal of their occupied time is for carrying out evaluations of accused and alleged victims. A criminal psychologist could examine a defendant to determine their ability to stand trial. A criminal psychologist could also interview victims of crime to determine a timeline of events.
Juvenile crime and managing young offenders continue to be long contested issues. Professional opinions regarding treatment of said wrongdoers have swung between rehabilitation, punishment, and currently rehabilitation. Balancing public safety and the perpetrator’s mental and emotional development causes scrutiny and debate over laws and methods regarding treatment for the youth. Juvenile law focuses on rehabilitative services, when transfer to adult court is needed, and alternatives to incarceration. Understanding children’s mental and emotional development is crucial for developing an effective system of adjudicating and rehabilitating the offender.
Forensic Psychiatry has to do with assessing and treating of mentally disordered people who have violated the law. This is a profession which must balance between law and mental disorders/illnesses. Forensic Psychiatrists must have an adept understanding of the legal system as they will be working closely with it. They work closely with the legal system, as Forensic Psychiatrists can provide expert testimony in a court trial, determine and advise on the competency of an individual’s ability to stand trial, aid in solving criminal cases, provide sentencing recommendation, and treat mental disorders or illness in individuals who have taken part in criminal actions. There patients are almost always in some way legally restricted, often seeing
They must have knowledge about their rights because knowing what is lawful eliminates unruliness. Forensic psychology helps in understanding human behavior and relating it to law. This discipline is essential in everyday life. Adopting to prison life is a traumatic experience. Individuals find it difficult to adapt to this life, especially first offenders.
One role is to be a location here it acts as a punishment for criminals and the other role is that it act as a rehabilitation center to help change their behaviors while preparing them to be reentered back into society. Ethically this can cause some challenges because it can be difficult clinically due to all clients coming from different socio economical, religious, and ethnic backgrounds as well many though inmates have criminal behaviors majority of them tend to have a back story such as abuse, trauma, addiction, and some sort of mental health issue. The dual role when being a prion psychologist is having to be a therapist but also having to evaluate the inmates. This can be challenging because while assisting in helping the inmate with their issues the courts tend to ask for the evaluation and recommendation which can cause the progression to stop and based on the decision the courts make. In many cases due to maintain any ethical dilemmas the psychologist tend to follow the legal and therapeutic direction to that the progression that had been made with the inmate will help them understand the decision that the court had
There are times where a juvenile may be eligible for transfer to adult criminal court. There are certain criteria that must be met for this to happen, and there is a strong belief that juveniles who commit serious offenses would be more appropriately dealt with by criminal (or adult) courts (Elrod & Ryder, 2011). Juveniles are capable of committing the same serious offenses that adults do. Therefore, with the requirements of a transfer being met, there are times that juveniles should be placed in the adult criminal court system and tried through here, rather than the juvenile court system. The juvenile court system may not have the same consequences or sentencing guidelines as the adult criminal court; therefore, the proper punishment may not be served if a juvenile is not transferred to the adult criminal court system.
Forensic Psychology 1). Forensic Psychology is the application of the theories of psychology to law and the legal system. Issues of violence and its impact on individuals and/or groups delineate the main and central concerns in Forensics within the adult, juvenile, civil, and family domains. Forensic psychologists provide advice to legislators, judges, correctional officers, lawyers, and the police. They are called upon, for example, to serve as an expert witness, diagnose and treat incarcerated and probationed offenders, and screen and evaluate personnel in the law enforcement and judicial systems.