The Serial Killer Files. New York: Ballanntine Books. pp.318 · Turvey, B. (1999). Criminal Profiling: An Introduction to Behavioural Evidence Analysis.
By doing all of this they may be able to find a motive on why the suspect did this. If there is a pattern and a motive of several killings criminal profilers can use this to help predict the characteristics of a killer. They then make a profile of the killer based on all the evidence they have received at the crime scenes and how the crime was done. Making a profile can help find the killer and narrow down the odds (CriminalJusticePrograms). Sometimes there are reasons to why people kill that are psychological, because of this, criminal profiling is usually done by a forensic psychologist (Denis).
Criminology deals with research into the cause, form and consequences of a crime. Psychopathology applies science useful in understanding the abnormalities in early development of the brain that contributed to the creation of the social deviant. It is necessary to include data from both fields to formulate hypothesis that state the nature of anti-social behaviors specifically relating to serious disorders such as schizophrenia. Applying the science of psychology to issues relating to violent crim... ... middle of paper ... ...1). Self-reported psychopathology in a convicted serial killer.
Criminal profiling can be a rather useful tool for criminal investigators of all kinds. Many departments use profiling to catch terrorists, gangs, cyber-crimes, counter intelligence, white collar crimes, and most of all serial killers. How criminal profiling works is by looking at the behavior of the criminal to gain insight into his or her personality. A doctor does the same thing when looking at symptoms to diagnose a certain disease. Being able to understand this person’s personality leads you one step closer to catching him or her.
In other words, what was going through the criminals mind when he or she was committing the crime? Victimology is the examination of victims and its psychological effects (Dictionary.com, n.d). Often times, criminals where once victims of the crimes they are currently committing. Piecing behavioral science, criminology, and victimology will allow the analyst’s to create a criminal profile. Profiling is a tool that helps analysis or investigate behavioral complexion to forebode and profile the unknown offender (Dictionary.com, n.d).
Criminal profiling is an investigative technique used by many law enforcement agencies notably the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in the analysis of elusive criminals through studying their criminal profiles. Profiling is usually done on basis of the type and nature of crime. Usually studies are conducted as to the offenders whereabouts and occupation before, during and after a particular crime was committed. After this, evidence is then combined against the different types of personalities and a fitting description of the criminal is able to be formulated. However, it is important to note that in any criminal profiling attempt, the criminal psychological mind must be described fully by their actions during and after the crime.
Podgor, E.. (2007). The Challenge of White Collar Sentencing. Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology, 97(3), 731-759. Retrieved April 19, 2012, from ProQuest Criminal Justice. (Document ID: 1392880651).
Criminologists are sometimes compared in junction with criminalists but according to (Brestovansky, 2009); criminologists are involved with psychology, sociology and individuals social behavior. Criminologists are more involved in the study of behaviors amongst certain demographics as well as analyze why they happened or change. Criminologists may have to question a suspect to find out if they fit a crime profile. Criminologists may also be present during an autopsy or the scene of a crime so they can utilize the information collected about the victim’s death so they can develop a profile concerning the potential
After reconstructing the murder in an attempt to interpret the behavioral pattern of the assailant, Bond was able to come up with a profile for police to follow (Padbury, n.d.). Although the Jack the Ripper case remained unsolved, psychological profiling took a major step forward. However, the first successful application of psychological profiling occurred in 1943 when the Office of Strategic Services commissioned Dr. W.C. Langer to provide a profile of Adolph Hitler (Egger, 1999). Langer’s profile was a psychodynamic personality profile th... ... middle of paper ... ... in psychological profiling and in 1972 created its Behavioral Science Unit (BSU). By 1978, the FBI established a formal Psychological Profiling unit within the BSU at its training facility in Quantico, Virginia (Egger, 1999).
Is the American Approach better than Canters? The American approach to offender profiling according to Webber (2009, p42) is a method based on interviewing convicted serial killers, to see how they describe their offending. They then use that information to look at crime scenes to see what type of person might have committed the offences as mentioned previously. This style of offender profiling is associated with that of the FBI’s behavioural science unit (Webber 2009, p42). Holmes and Holmes (2002 cited in Webber 2009, p42) assert that serial killers tend to be white males, between 25 and 34, intelligent or ‘street smart’ charming and charismatic with an interest in police work.